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6

This is a rather famous issue, so much so that Rabbeinu Bachya (1100's) already lists five answers to this question. Later, Abarbanel lists 7 (in his book Tzedek Olamim), and the Kli Yakar (to Vayikra 26:12) collects 9 answers. There are even more floating around Jewish literature (especially in kabbalah and chassidus), but I think that these will suffice ...


6

We can't possibly know how God judges people after they die. We know that he is compassionate, and I think it's safe to assume that he isn't going out of his way to punish people for things they didn't really understand. On the other hand, perhaps a person who believes himself to be Jewish but still violates halacha does receive punishment even though he was ...


5

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 104:2 says that one should wear "Begadim Mechuvadim" appropriate clothing on Chol Hamoed, if not he is disgracing it.


3

This sounds similar to Antoninus's question to Rebbi on the bottom of Sanhedrin 91a. 'The body and the spirit can each get out of punishment. The body will say the soul sinned! From the moment he left me I lay here still as a stone in the grave. The soul will say the body sinned! From the moment I left him I have flown around like a bird. Rebbi answered, let ...


2

the person's human intellect is granted free choice. His soul, therefore, has little influence on his physical body's actions. The question seems to assume that the soul is an outside force, whereas the intellect is the actual self. Rabbi Bentzion Shaifer defines "The 'I' who is talking to you" as a combination of the animal soul, and the G-dly soul. ...


1

Firstly, if one hears something directly from a heavenly source, one can reasonably believe that it's an exception. But more to the point, Elisha had reason to believe that he qualified anyways. The Mishna in Shanhedrin Daf 90a states that one of the categories of people who lose their portion in the world to is one who reads literature categorized as ...


1

here is a quote on the nature of olam haba from the classic work chovos halevavos (gate 4 ch.4) Another reason (olam haba is not mentioned in the torah) is that the purpose of reward in Olam Haba is essentially clinging to G-d, and drawing near to His supernal light, as written "your righteousness will go before you, the glory of G-d will gather ...


1

Sorry I don't have time to put together all the sources involved, but in general the basic confusion will come from the fact that there are two general views on the nature of Jewish eschatology, and you can read someone saying something about it and not quite know which model they are working with. One is generally attributed to the Rambam. Call it the ...


1

There is a lot to untangle in your question, but to answer just one point: So all humans die before Moshiach comes? According to the Zohar (Mishpatim 108b. Also in Midrash Ne'elam Parshas Vayeirah 113-114), yes - well almost. It isn't before Moshiach comes, but before the time of resurrection, everyone alive will die, and those deserving resurrection ...


1

The Maharal at the beginning of the first hakdama to Gevuros Hashem answers as follows: A prophet recieves information from outside himself. Therefore he is called a "seer" (חוזה (Shmuel 2 24:11) and רואה (Shmuel 1 9:9, for example), and even though a prophet does not receive prophecy through physical faculties, it still has the similarity to "senses" in ...



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