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This question is asked in Sefer Hachinuch (Mitsva 306): וזהו שאנו מונין לעמר, כלומר, כך וכך ימים עברו מן המנין ואין אנו מונין כך וכך ימים יש לנו לזמן,‏ Why we opted for counting from the omer, as if to say "so many days passed from the count". But we do not count "so many days until the time"? כי כל זה מראה לנו הרצון החזק להגיע אל הזמן, ועל ...


This Mitzva applies to Beit Din (Sifra to your verse; cf. Menachot 65b), and the year would begin on 1 Tishrei (RH 1:1). The Sifra clarifies that they would count both the total years of Yovel and the years of the current Shmita. So (as the Chinukh 330 explains it) it would be just like counting the Omer: "This year is 33 years which is 4 Shmittot and 5 ...


The splitting of the animals representing the umos ha'olam represents the splitting of the way gevurah and chesed are joined by the umos ha'olam to form society. The implication of the joining of the tur (chesed, u'teruas melech bo) and gozal (din) is the way Hashem unites gevurah and chesed to create the society of the benei yisrael.


Sanhedrin: 70 | 71 | 72 ? This question highlights many very important difficulty on pshat of the Mishnayot regarding the count of Beth Din Hagadol.Let us start at the heart of the matter: Mishna Sanhedrin 1, 6: סַנְהֶדְרִי גְדוֹלָה הָיְתָה שֶׁל שִׁבְעִים וְאֶחָד, ..., שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (במדבר יא) אֶסְפָה לִּי שִׁבְעִים אִישׁ מִזִּקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, וּמֹשֶׁה עַל ...

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