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11

Piskei Teshuvos (227:2) cites Bircas HaBayis who says that the blessing can only be recited during the quake or within 2-3 seconds (תוך כדי דיבור) after it's over. He also says (from Teshuvos Shevet HaKehasi) that even mild quakes warrant this blessing, and (from Shaarei Teshuvah in the name of Maharam Chaviv) that if another quake occurs even that same ...


7

As long as it looks overcast, it's once per day. If it totally completely absolutely clears up bright and shiny, then later thunderstorms, you'd make a new bracha. SO: Once per day, OR Once per cloudy episode Whichever is more. (See Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 227:2 and Mishna Berura sk 8)


6

As noted by Gershon, this is Mishnah Berurah citing the Chayei Adam. It seems that there might be room for manipulation according to other posekim. Thus: Q. (252) Mr. Danny Persoff: Is there an Issur to look at a rainbow? A. The Shulchan Aruch (229:1) writes that it is prohibited to look at a rainbow "B'yotair" for a prolonged period of time. The Gra ...


6

You are not supposed to gaze at it, however if you notice it you make a Bracha. When one sees a rainbow a bracha should be made. However, one should be careful not to stare at a rainbow for too long (Orach Chaim 229:1). The Be'er Hataiv 2 in Orach Chaim 229:1 says that looking at a rainbow weakens the eyes. ...


6

Prof. Nathan Aviezer wrote a book "בראשית ברא" answering questions about the creation in torah view. There he claims the 6 days of creation to be 6 periods of time that didn't necessarily last 24 hours. Moreover - maybe it was one cycle of dark&light, but thing happened at a quicker pace. Take, for example, a person's growth. If you were to calculate ...


6

Shu"t Bitzel Hahochma (R' Betzalel Stern) deals with a similar issue In Vol. 2 Siman 14. He discusses whether one should make a second beracha on the Mediterranean if he made one (within 30 days) on the ocean. He concludes that since they require the same beracha (according to him) and they are connected, a second beracha is not recited. לפימש"כ לעיל ...


5

The Maharsha (to Berachos 59a) explains that the end of the beracha on the rainbow וקיים במאמרו refers to the fact that the rainbow was created during the 6 days of creation (as listed in Avos 5:6). So perhaps you could make an argument that by saying עושה מעשה בראשית you are including such things as the rainbow?


5

While researching another answer, I came across a comment by R' Yonasan Eibeschutz (in Yaaros Devash), that the Gemara's expression ליקוי חמה isn't referring to eclipses at all, but to sunspots. (He doesn't seem to say what ליקוי לבנה might mean in this context. But I guess, according to his explanation, that it would also mean some kind of short-term ...


4

Rashi in Bereishis, chapter 1, Verse 14 on "והיו לאתת" mentions this issue of a bad omen from the eclipse. He says: והיו לאותות: כשהמאורות לוקין סימן רע הוא לעולם, שנאמר (ירמיה י ב) מאותות השמים אל תחתו, בעשותכם רצון הקב"ה אין אתם צריכין לדאג מן הפורענות: When there is an eclipse of the luminaries it is a bad sign for the world, as it is said: "Do ...


3

The Vilna Gaon explains (full text here) that the reason why each set of cows are described with two descriptions is because there are two different types of famine - רעב and כפן. The former word refers to a time when the fields are not producing good produce, whereas the latter is when the fields are producing good produce but Hashem does not place in the ...


2

The Ramban there explains that God is saying that from now on it will be a sign that He will not destroy the world: ולכן נפרש הכתוב, הקשת אשר נתתי בענן מיום הבריאה תהיה מן היום הזה והלאה לאות ברית ביני וביניכם, שכל זמן שאראנה אזכיר כי ברית שלום ביני וביניכם: Perhaps one can explain that God causes the conditions for a rainbow to appear when He ...


2

http://revach.net/ask/article.php?id=547 It seems that the rainbow bracha is for a very specific thing (which, mind you, took place over 1600 years after maaseh vereishit) so it doesn't get covered by the other standard nature brachot. Also, in the book Shaar HaAyin by Rabbi Eliyahu Ariel, in Chapter 12 footnote 1 he quotes Rabbi Chaim Kanievsky (sp?) that ...


2

One shouldn't lightly dismiss a statement of chazal that seems outdated without trying to understand something from it. Sometimes there's another level to what they are saying and sometimes the idea can be understood within modern science also. For example, some of the statements about demons can apply to other hidden harmful forces, such as bacteria (see ...


2

See this English translation of a Sicha from the Lubavitcher Rebbe (Likutei Sichot Volume 15, pg 7-12). A short synopsis from here: Now, you, I and the Jewish sages of old all have known for a very long time that eclipses are natural events that can be predicted thousands of years in advance. Thus we can be quite certain that their statement does not ...


2

I believe one makes the bracha "oseh ma'aseh bereishit" upon seeing wonders of nature. Here is a discussion of Niagra specifically http://halachaqa.blogspot.com/2011/07/niagara-falls-brachos-part-i.html


1

Genesis 9 (14 - 16) describes the first “rainbow” with the words, 14 And it shall come to pass, when I bring clouds over the earth, and the bow is seen in the cloud, 15 that I will remember My covenant, which is between Me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. 16 And the ...


1

In the sefer "Q&A Thursday Nights With Rabbi Avigdor Miller" Volume 2, pg 284, he was asked why were the dinosaurs and the mastodon not saved from the mabul? He answered simply because there was no room for them on the teivah (ark) .He said that all species fit but the extra big ones simply didn't fit.



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