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9

I have a guess with no source (yet): The "own town" rule is a mechanism for making sure that no one falls through the cracks. If people donated based on some other criterion, let's say urgency of need, then, in the extreme, all donations in the world would go to the same starving town somewhere, and then would turn to the town that just got hit by a ...


7

The Gmara in Yebamot (63a) says that an unmarried man is not a man:> א"ר אלעזר כל אדם שאין לו אשה אינו אדם שנאמר(בראשית ה, ב) זכר ונקבה בראם ויקרא את שמם אדם  And that a man without a woman is unhappy, unblessed and not good (Yebamut 62b): א"ר חנילאי כל אדם שאין לו אשה שרוי בלא שמחה בלא ברכה בלא טובה בלא שמחה דכתיב(דברים יד, כו) ושמחת אתה וביתך בלא ברכה ...


6

Rabbi Yosef Karo (1488 - 1575)states in Shulchan Aruch, (The Code of Jewish Law) that if a physician is able to heal a patient and refrains from doing so, this is considered murder. Yoreh Deah, 336:1 Rabbi Moshe Isserles (The Rema 1520 - 1572), writes on the Shulchan Aruch (Code of Jewish Law), that any act involving touching or moving a "gossess" (a term ...


5

This is a midrash from Kohelet Rabbah 7:16, Tanhuma, Parashat Mezora,1; Yalkut Shimoni, I Samuel, Chapter 121 and the Rambam in Guide for the Perplexed Part 3, Chapter 39. See also Me’am Loez Anthology on Exodus, 21:14 Rav Hirsch points out in Mishpatim 21:14 that it is a commandment to put a murderer to death and it is not allowed to show him "mercy". ...


5

Source in Jewish Literature The Talmud (kiddushin 70b) states that one who stigmatizes another is guilty of the same: ותני: כל הפוסל - פסול, ואינו מדבר בשבחא לעולם, ואמר שמואל: במומו פוסל He who declares [others] unfit is [himself] unfit, and never speaks good [of anyone]; and Samuel said: With his own blemish he stigmatizes [others] as unfit.’ ...


4

The fifth chapter of Avos says one hallmark of a chacham, wise person, is that mode al haemes, he acknowledges the truth. Rashi says this refers to someone who has erred and acknowledges a correction.


4

According to Rabbi Norman Lamm: What the Talmud is telling us is that a totally altruistic ethic, which does not recognize intimate human bonds and affiliations, is unnatural, unrealistic, and impractical – and hence, ultimately morally valueless. An ethic that does consider and that affirms such human associations as nation, people, family, ...


4

Chapter 3 (p. 46 here): ונתבונן כי אם יבכה האדם מרוב מכאוביו ומרוב צרותיו אז יזלו מים מעיניו, על מה עשה ה׳ ככה כי ירדו מים מעינים ולא מאברים אחרים, אם יד או רגל או אבר אחר נלקה, העינים מורידים דמעות, מפני מה העינים יבכו בעד כל אברי הגוף, כי הוא זה מפני כי עיני האדם המה ראשית לכל חטאת, ובעבור חטאותיו בא האדם במצוקותיו, ולכן בעת כי יצר לאדם ורע ...


4

I think you're referring to the fourth sha'ar, Sha'ar HaBitachon, third chapter (starts at "מדוע האדם צריך לטרוח בעבודה?‏"). In English (starts at "Why man must work for a livelihood").


3

It is permissible to omit or otherwise present the truth misleadingly for reasons of tact or to maintain peace. As in the lyrics of the famous wedding song "keitzad meraqdim". The gemara asks (Keusvos 16b), "How does one celebrate before the bride?" Beis Shammai answer (17a) that one should describe the bride as she is. Beis Hillel tell us to call her a ...


3

ArtScroll has a book titled "The Fifth Commandment" that sounds like it might be what you're looking for. http://www.artscroll.com/Books/9781578191918.html


3

We have the Gemara in Megilla 27b mentioning refraining from calling someone by a nickname as a virtue of a Tzaddik. Seemingly, it is nice not to do it but not terrible if you do. Then we have the Gemara in Bava Metzia 58b saying that one who calls his friend a derogatory name won't leave Gehenom — even if the person is used to it already. Probably, the ...


3

To expand on "It is not good for man to be alone." The passage at Genesis (Beresheit) 2:18 also follows with "I will make him a helper.", from which one can infer that a man (or woman) needs a helper in life; not just helpers here and there, but one permanently made for the other. (Disclaimer: I am a born-again Christian with much respect for Judaism as my ...


3

Rashi and other commentators say it means he tortured them. Ralbag explains that this was to dissuade other peoples from fighting the Jews. (See the context starting at, say, 10:1.)


3

Although from the gemara it seems like a regular drasha from a pasuk, meaning don't blame this on the Talmud, there seems to be an interesting explenation that I'd like to point out. The way the עץ יוסף on the Medrash Tanchuma explains it, this is actually a device for self preservation. In parshas Mishpatim on the words אם כסף תלוה, the Tanchuma (#15) ...


3

To consolidate the comments above: at first glance, Jewish law would prohibit unplugging the violinist too -- assuming being plugged in is no threat to your life. So it's kind of a moot point. We care about the situation at hand, not passing judgment on how it came about. (There is certainly discussion about pregnancies that threaten the mother's mental ...


3

The original quote is תורתו של הבעל שם טוב, שכאשר אדם רואה רע בזולתו, הרי זו הוכחה ש(דוגמת) אותו הרע נמצא בו בעצמו. וכמו אדם המביט בראי – "אם פניו נקיים, אינו רואה במראה שום דופי", אבל אם הוא רואה לכלוך וכתם בראי, אין זה אלא משום ש"פניו מטונפין. From the hosafos to Kesser Shem Tov (http://chabadlibrary.org/books/default.aspx?furl=/bsht/kst/3/176). The ...


2

The Shulchan Aruch rules that one should always be in the habit of saying, "Everything the Merciful One does is for the best." (Orach Chaim 230:5; Berachos 60b). So we should say that throughout the day, whenever something happens. A shorter equivalent would be "gamzu l'tovah" from the Talmudic story of Nachum Gamzo. (Ta'anis 21a). Similarly, the Yerushalmi ...


2

some suggestions strengthen your faith in God and His torah. study books which teach on the subject that God is in charge of everything such as the chovos halevavos shaar bitachon. avoid reading things written by those who don't believe in these things


2

No. Not at all. But you can purchase the book from Makhon Mosheh in Israel. Their website is www.net-sah.org If it is not online, then try calling or emailing them. Their site is currently being updated and is under a bit of minor construction. I personally have it on my shelf. Is there a particular passage that you are looking for that I could post a ...


2

Tosafot Yom Tov on Pirkei Avot 3:2:4: ועוסק כו'. שיחיד אינו רגיל להוציא ד''ת מפיו, ולפיכך לא שייך לומר אצלו ועוסק בד''ת כמו שהוא אצל שנים שהם מדברים זה עם זה: My translation / paraphrase: An individual studying alone will not verbalize words of Torah. Therefore, (I'm questioning if there is a misprint, here?) it says "He is involved (your translation says ...


2

I believe Rav Menachem Leibtag has suggested that the emphasis on full payment, as well as the level of detail regarding the transaction, considering that this was the very first act of acquisition by the Jewish people of the land of Israel, is meant to serve as a proof of sorts that acquisition was legally sound and binding in perpetuity. In which case, ...


2

Likutei Sichos 10 - page 63 - column 3 explains that Avraham wanted to pay in full, thus totally eradicating any connection Ephron had with this field. The lesson would thus be, that when one gets a discount or reduction in price from a seller, the buyer will remain indebted unless he pays its full price.


2

The general principle involved here is טעות עכו"ם - mistakes of a non-Jew. Halachically giving the wrong change is a mistake falls under the general rubric of returning lost objects. Halacha requires one to go to great lengths to return lost objects, but limits this to fellow Jews. If something is found in a location where it is most likely that it was a ...


2

Yes. The Life Work of Shimon haAmsoni. Aggada Insight by Rabbi Yitzchak Blau Cited in Talmud Bavli no less than four times, this braissa first appears in Pesachim (22b)See the Art Scroll page 22b3 notes 27 - 30 Shimon HaAmsuni- some say Nechemia HaAmsuni- was doresh all the ‘esem’ (the appearances of the word ‘es’) in the Torah. Upon reaching ‘Es ...


2

When dealing with monetary issues, the Halacha usually is כמנהג המדינה, i.e. whatever common practice is in that specific location, unless specified otherwise in the worker's contract. In your specific example, סימן של"א - השוכר פועלים ינהג עמהם כמנהג המדינה in Choshen Mishpat would be closest: There it says: ב: מָקוֹם שֶׁנָּהֲגוּ לָזוּן, יָזוּן; ...


2

Background: Hashem created you. You are to him like an only son. If he made you, it's because he needed you to be around. You are not a mistake. That being said: Hashem obviously knew what would "come out" of you (though, as the Rambam says - at least I think that's who said it - : "It is (almost-?-) impossible to understand how free choice and Hashgocha ...


2

The fact that although you are holding where you are, your service is still allowed and even demanded, is alone a good cause for celebration. In reality we should be told that learning Gemara, Davenning, Succah, Shabbos etc. is not for you. Just be a citizen of the world in which you spend most of your time. And yet, our service is allowed, requested, ...



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