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11

I was a little boy at home when my father Yigal Calek ny"v composed Mareh Cohen - there's a very interesting 'composer's inspiration' story to go with it too... Anyway, so yes, pretty much "at the source" ;)


10

I believe it's to encourage people to actually do it. That's the simplest take-home lesson from the Davening.


9

After a bit more searching, it looks like Yigal Calek of the London School of Jewish Song may be the original composer as late as 1971.


8

The Sefer Birchei Yosef 423:2, which is written by the Chida says that Musaf for Rosh Chodesh was instituted by Rochel Imainu. Her name is hinted in the first letters of Ro'shei Cho'doshim L'Amecha. http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=7626&st=&pgnum=170


7

The Levush (brought by the Mishnah Berurah - Orach Chaim Siman 423) says that since the Teffilah of Mussaf is instead of the Korban Mussaf and when we give the Korban it is like a Yom Tov, therfore Just like on Yom Tov we do not wear Teffilin so to by Hallel we do not wear Teffilin. (As a side he adds when the Kriyas Hatorah of the Korban Mussaf is read the ...


6

Yerushalmi Taanis Perek 2 Halacha 1 אמר רבי לעזר: שלשה דברים מבטלין את הגזירה קשה ואילו הן: תפילה וצדקה ותשובה.


6

Mishna B'rura 622:5 (in my own free translation) explains the Rama's ruling that it's not said with the following explanation: That's because on Shabas it's said to complete the discrepancy of 100 b'rachos, which is not necessary on Yom Kipur due to the plethora of praises we say. The make-up of the k'tores also needn't be said, as it's included in the ...


5

Rabbi Shmuel Kamenetsky in his Sefer brings as the source for a Shabbos morning Drasha prior to Musaf Brachos 28b first Rashi.


5

The kapparah of Rosh Chodesh is different than the regular type. On one level, the goat offered as a chatas on this day (also on the other Yamim Tovim, incidentally, except for Yom Kippur) is to atone for cases of tum'ah involving the Beis Hamikdash or sacred foods where there was "no knowledge at the beginning or the end" - in other words, the person never ...


4

According to this article, in Eretz Yisrael in ancient times they did recite the entire section for each Yom Tov (including the verses describing the menachos and nesachim). But because it's difficult to remember them (particularly before siddurim began to be written), in Babylonia the ומנחתם ונסכיהם paragraph was created to regularize the description of ...


4

The Ramat Shmuel in his commentary on Pesachim writes that Musaf was established by Avraham. Since the posuk (Bereishis 19:27) says: "And Abraham got up early in the morning to the place where he had stood before the LORD." which implies that he had stood there previously to pray and if so, necessarily we are talking about Musaf. This is why it said "to ...


4

Nitei Gavriel, in the introduction to the second volume of his Laws of Niddah, quotes the Sefer Imrei Yehudah Al Hatorah. (It starts here, but the part that's relevant to us is here). The Imrei Yehudah Al Hatorah (Tazria pg. 89) explains that we say: ‫ כי בעמך ישראל בחרת מכל האומות‬ ‫וחוקי ראשי חדשים להם קבעת‬ For you have chosen your nation ...


4

Although the Taz (S.A. O.C 55:3) only requires a minyan at the time of kadish, the Magen Avraham (69:4, 234:1) and others say that there needs to be a minyan at the time of pesukim/learning for the kadish to go on. I assume that the shuls don't want to leave the Torahs out and don't want to change the order of davening (and say ashrei after the Torahs are ...


4

The reason we take off our tefillin before mussaf is (1) because many say in the kedusha of mussaf, "Kesser Yitnu Lecha", and therefore we need not be wearing the "kesser" of tefillin. (Or I heard once that perhaps it is disrespectful to say "Kesser Yitnu Lecha" while we are wearing our own "crowns" of tefillin.) (2) Even for those who don't say "kesser ...


4

In the Kuntras Yekar Tifferes (http://beta.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=36072&st=&pgnum=204) the author brings this question in the name of HaRav Zvi Perzovicz shlitoh who provides an interesting answer. The Tur in the beginning of Hilchos Rosh Chodesh says that really the 12 Roshei Chadashim should have been Yomim Toivim, however, because of ...


3

This issues is discussed at length by the Rishonim. The interesting opinion is that of Rabbeinu Meshulam (a student and contemporary of Rabbeinu Tam) who claims the Torah purposely omitted the chatat of Rosh Chodesh, because the Talmud states that it is brought to atone for Hashem for him making the moon smaller than the sun, and we do not want to mention ...


3

The laws of Kiddush HaChodesh, when to make 2 days or 1 day Rosh Chodesh, and when to make a leap year.


3

Literally stumbled upon this source last week: http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=4199&st=&pgnum=454 and the following page 455 where the author [Rav Gedalia Felder, zt"l; Posek from Toronto, Ontario, Niftar in 1992] posits that the Drasha is not a Hefsek prior to Kaddish right before Musaf.


3

The sefer אליהו רבה Siman 423 writes that it should be said for all the months of the leap year, but the custom is to say it only until Rosh Chodesh Nisan. The Pri Megadim explains that the Eliyahu Rabbah means that if not for our custom to stop after Adar we should really continue saying it until Tishrei. (The מהרי"ב explains that our custom of stopping ...


2

This is a question that I am aware of that the Levush asked and left it as "there is a need for a reason why there was no Takana of Musafim for Parshas Zachor and Parshas Parah. See link of Elya Raba 685:14 http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=7767&hilite=171f6b96-23cf-46a0-8606-29300ae1edf4&st=%D7%96%D7%9B%D7%95%D7%A8&pgnum=434


2

Rav Binyamin Tabory said once in a Shi'ur that he personally takes off his Tefillin "early" - during UVa LeTzion - in order to avoid the problem of leaving his Tefillin in a heap (which he said was disrespectful - I think he called it a Bizayon, but I'm not 100% sure) during Musaf. He did not cite any sources other than RJB"S, but he felt it was not ...


2

I have been asking myself the same question. A neighbor in shul said that it his Machzor it refers the reader to the footnotes of Sefer Haminhagim by R’ Issac Tirnauer (14th century). See: http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=49362&st=&pgnum=30&hilite= footnote לד. Of course the footnotes were written much later.


2

It seems from the language of the Shulchan Aruch 129:1 that the omission is dependent on the mincha service, not the time. In addition to shacharis, musaf and neilah, the SA allows bircas kohanim at mincha on a fast day based on 2 factors. Firstly, the custom [was] to daven late on fast days and so the mincha service takes on a similarity to a neila ...


2

The first "באהבה" refers to G-d's love, the second one refers to our love. According to the Levush (brought here), we add the 2nd "באהבה" on Shabbos, since we willingly, lovingly accepted Shabbos at Marah, before Matan Torah. The holidays were given to us at Sinai, where the Talmud tells us we were coerced into accepting the Torah. G-d's love , on the ...


2

The source is the Bavli Rosh Hashanah 31a: במוספי דשבתא מה היו אומרים? אמר רב ענן בר רבא אמר רב: הזי"ו ל"ך. ואמר רב חנן בר רבא אמר רב: כדרך שחלוקים כאן - כך חלוקין בבית הכנסת. במנחתא דשבתא מה היו אומרים? אמר רבי יוחנן: אז ישיר ומי כמוך ואז ישיר‏ At the additional sacrifice of Sabbath what did they say? — R. Anan b. Raba said in the name of Rab: ...


2

The Aruch Hashulchan OC 114:1 writes that "generally speaking wind brings clouds from which rain falls and therefore we mention them together". Being that wind is not directly associated with the gathering of dew it is not mentioned together. However, Shulchan Aruch OC 114 does state that if one mentions "mashiv haruach" in the summer he does not have to ...


2

I think you're incorrect that "[m]ost nusach sefard has ashrai-uvo lzion while doing g'lila". In my experience, at least, most nusach-S'farad synagogues say it after g'lila — or at least finish it after g'lila. This is especially true on days tachanun is said. Anyway, in my experience, nusach Ashk'naz generally completes g'lila and, if applicable, ...


2

There appears to be a major question if the Kaddish before Shmoneh Esrei is a preface to Tefillah or is associated with the Ashrei or berachos that precede it. To satisfy all opinions one should not be mafsik before or after. See mishna berurah 25:59 that this is apparently a machlokes between magen Avraham who holds to remove tefillin after kaddish and ...


1

Aruch Hashulchan 620:2 says that there are those that dispute that one would have to pray Mincha before Musaf once the time for Mincha arrives. It is especially reasonable that on Yom Kippur that this would be disputed because many say the reason for having to reverse the order has to do with the fact that one may not eat once the time of Mincha arrived ...


1

In Chagiga on :דף יב we learn: א"ר יהודה שני רקיעים הן שנאמר (דברים י) הֵן לה' אלקיך הַשָּׁמַיִם וּשְׁמֵי הַשָּׁמָיִם R' Yehuda says: "There are 2 heavens as it says (Dvarim 10:14) 'Behold, for Hashem has the heaven and the heaven-of-heavens'" This is then followed by Reish lakish who says there are 7 heavens, and he then names then. ר"ל אמר שבעה ואלו ...



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