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8

Shaar Hakollel (26:7) writes that our "blessing of the month" is modeled on the prayer that the Sanhedrin would recite when they declared a new month, described in Maseches Sofrim 19:9. Thus, we should know the molad before we recite this prayer, just as they did. Homiletically, R' Shalom Dovber Schneersohn (the fifth Lubavitcher Rebbe) said that the ...


7

For question 1: The blessing is addressed to Hashem ("Who created the heavens with His word... Blessed are You, G-d, Who renews the months"), not to the moon. Where's the avodah zarah there? It's no different than the blessings on other natural phenomena, such as rainbows, notable mountains, etc, where we look at the object while praising Hashem. [That ...


7

The Rema 426:1 says it must be night when "the moon is shining and (people) benefit from its light". The Mishna Berurah exludes bein hashemashos and equates benefiting from its light with the time that the moonshine is detectable on the land.


6

The Rambam here is giving an easy way to calculate the moment of conjunction for future months. A (lunar synodic) month, as you stated, is 29 days 12 hours and 793/1080 hours. Since 28 days is exactly 4 weeks (bringing us back to the same point in the week), the next conjunction will occur 1 day 12 hours and 793/1080 hours later in the week relative to the ...


5

2) We say Just as I can not touch you so should my enemies not be able to touch me. ... and (b)We debunked the idea that we can't touch the moon in 1969. It's poetry, not a statement of technological capability. If you stand outside looking at the moon, hundreds of thousands of miles away and yet a distinct object, with the possibility of enemy attack ...


4

The Original sorce for this Minhag is a Maseches Sofrim. ואומר לחברו שלש פעמים שלום, וילך לביתו בלב טוב The reasons given are: The Mahril based on the Gemara in Sanhedrin 42A says since it is such a great Mitzvah it is as if we are greeting the Shechina.Therfore when we say Shalom Aleichem we are in a sense greeting the Shechina. Matteh Moshe(540) ...


4

The first step of the calculation is finding out the Molad of that month. The molad can be found by looking at a local hebrew calendar. One important thing to note is that the molad is usually quoted in Jerusalem solar time (which is Universal Time + 2h 20m 56s, or approx. +2h 21m). So for example, for Sivan 5770, the molad is on May 13th, at 4:39pm and 15 ...


4

The Mishna in Rosh haShana (3:1) states that even if all the Jews and the Beit Din saw the new moon, but didn't manage to declare the new month before the end of the day, then the (previous) month is 'full' (ie has 30 days and the new month would begin the next day). In other words, Rosh Chodesh is set by declaration of the people via Beit Din, not by when ...


3

It wouldn't surprise me. Nefesh HaRav quotes some Orthodox rabbis who were disturbed by the phrase as it implies it's impossible to touch the moon; some wanted to simply change the phrase from "I cannot touch you" to "I am not touching you" (i.e. at this very moment). Rabbi Soloveichik felt that was the understanding of the original phrase: "just as I dance ...


3

The Magen Avraham (OC 526 sk 8) quotes the Shelah (here) that one should not look at the moon during kiddush levana but rather glance at it in the beginning and look down. The Shelah referneces what he wrote earlier (here) where he quotes the book Shushan Sodot (bio?) that one should not look at the moon seemingly ever. The Shushan Sodot himself (here) ...


3

You wouldn't say it on your own, but you can say it after Kiddush Levana to the first three people you meet. (I was advised this in my youth.)


2

(b)We debunked the idea that we can't touch the moon in 1969. "Nefesh HaRav" discusses this -- we can't touch the moon WHILE we are standing/dancing here right now. 3) Later on we say that is should be G-ds will that the light of the moon should be as the light of the sun. (a) The light of the moom is the light on the sun - and (b) even if you understand ...


2

The Likutei MaHarich says that we say Aleinu L'Shabeach after Kiddush Lvana - since we pray and dance seemingly to the moon - we finish off Aleinu L'Shabeach L'Adon Hakol to show it is for Hashem.


2

The רמב"ם in הלכות קידוש החודש פרק ו says in הלכה ח: והמולד הראשון שממנו תתחיל, הוא מולד שהיה בשנה ראשונה של יצירה, והוא היה בליל שני חמש שעות בלילה ומאתיים וארבעה חלקים, סימן להם ב' ה' ר"ד; וממנו היא התחלת החשבון. So Molad Tohu was on Sunday night, 2 Tishrie year 0001, 5 hours and 204 parts after sunset, i.e. 23:11 PM and 33⅓ seconds, according ...


2

Look in Ta'amei Haminhogim 433 (3) which quotes the Sha'ar Ephrayim, who seems to explain that the exact time of the molad is when the name of the new month starts.


1

I am glad you asked this question, esp. just before Rosh Hashanna! I have been wondering about the same thing. You may want to read this article. It states: In the present era the median length of the lunar cycle is about 29 days 12 hours and 30 minutes, the MSM is slightly more than 29 days 12 hours and 44 minutes, the shortest lunations are about ...


1

Per Breslev.org Sod HaIbbur includes all the secrets of the Torah "סוד העיבור בו כלולים כל סודות התורה". All difficult questions such as Bechira, Why we are the chosen nation, are answered by the Sod HaIbbur - per Rabbi Nosson M'Breslov. The Sod HaIbbur also includes Wisdom and knowledge pertaining to changes and the the future that are pertaining to the ...


1

Since the first question was answered already I will address the second one only. The Avnei Yashfei 3:50:3 writes that if one says kiddush levana alone there is no inyan to search out for someone to say shalom aleichem since he said the passuk Tipal aleiheim and no one heard him(see @simchas Torah answer -Mattaeh Moshe reason).He adds by saying if one said ...


1

Regarding 2a: I have seen people that have their back towards the moon while saying kiddush l'vana. I assume the reason is so that it doesn't look like they are worshiping it.


1

(a)It would seem that we are directly addressing the moon, hence the celestial worship... We ARE addressing the moon -- a minute before that, we said "bless your Crafter, Maker, Owner, Creator." Talking TO the moon, ABOUT G-d. We're all used to saying to someone, "may G-d bless you." This is the slightly weirder case of "you, may G-d bless me in some way ...



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