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14

If I daven for parnassah, probably not. However, for someone righteous enough, maybe, but it can come with a catch. Ta'anis 25a relates this story אמרה ליה דביתהו עד אימת ניזיל ונצטער כולי האי אמר לה מאי נעביד בעי רחמי דניתבו לך מידי בעא רחמי יצתה כמין פיסת יד ויהבו ליה חד כרעא דפתורא דדהבא (חזאי) בחלמא עתידי צדיקי דאכלי אפתורא דדהבא דאית ליה תלת כרעי (...


13

Mechilta (to 14:6) states that Pharaoh emptied out his treasury and disbursed it among his army, to induce them to pursue the Jews (with the promise, too, of dividing all of the spoils equally with them). Presumably, no one had gone to Pharaoh to "borrow" gold and silver. (Indeed, the command (Ex. 11:2) was that the Jews should request "each man from his ...


13

The front is the seal of the State of Israel. The Hebrew on the back is a verse from Ruth (Ruth 3:10) which means "You are blessed to G-d, my daughter" which were words that Boaz said to Ruth when she asked him to marry her. It doesn't have an official name; it is a thoughtful trinket.


12

(Source: this article on Torah.org) If the one who made the mistake is a Jew: Absolutely yes, you must return it. If the one who made the mistake is a non-Jew: there's lots of discussion, and it appears it's not so clear. But remember: doing so anyways will create a Kiddush Hashem (and is probably the right thing to do). To quote a relevant story retold ...


12

Chicago Community Kollel - Parsha Encounters 4 Shevat 5768 in the name of Rabbi Yisrael Belsky Shlita, says that one may flip a coin to make a decision. When one flips a coin and makes a decision based on the results, he does not feel his decision is necessarily the right thing to do. Rather, he was undecided, and he is leaving his decision up to "...


11

http://halachafortoday.com/QandA4.aspx A: The Chazon Ish ruled that one who made up his mind to give Tzedaka to a certain poor person who was collecting, and then the poor person disappeared (similar to your case of the organization closing down) you can give the money to a different poor person (or in your case a similar institution) The best ...


11

The Talmud searches for Beit Shammai's reason on Kiddushin 11a. The first suggestion, that of Rav Zera, is that an average woman thinks she is important enough to not accept anything less an dinar for kiddushin. The gemara asks, according to this, it should be completely subjective based on the individual girl. The answer is that this rule applies in a case ...


11

The first precept of Medishare's Membership Qualifications is "Christian Testimony," stating generally that All adult Members age 18 and older must attest to a personal relationship with the Lord Jesus Christ." and then specifying a "Statement of Faith" that includes quite a few assertions about the divinity of a particular man. Such affirmations are ...


10

The Igros Moshe Even Ho'Ezer 1:7 writes that when you own stock in a company that you have no control over the day to day operations then it is permitted. http://www.dailyhalacha.com/Display.asp?PageIndex=3&ClipID=1467


10

The idea behind a kickback is generally to steal from a third party. For example Reuven is a buyer from XYZ corp, Shimon is a salesman for ABC inc. Shimon wants to sell widgets to XYZ corp so he comes to Reuven and tries to convince him to have XYZ corp buy them for $100 a piece. Reuven says XYZ corp will pay $120 a piece but I want you to give me (Reuven ...


10

A colleague of mine reminded me that there is actually a Gemara in Berachos 44b that describes a young healthy goat as a 'bar zuza', meaning it costs one zuz. He explained that although Chad Gadya states that the goat was bought for 2 zuz, there are major commentators (see Haggados of the Vlna Gaon and Chasam Sofer) that explain that the repetition of "Chad ...


10

Rashi to that verse, and Tosafos in Bechoros 5a (s.v. Esrim), ask this question. They answer (based on the Targum of the verse) that there were actually separate measuring utensils that had to be made in the listed denominations. See there for the detailed explanation of what each one was used for. Update: Here is how it is presented by D.A.F. Resources: ...


10

The Lubavitcher Rebbe says (in a long speech about "Family Planning") that One of the strongest objections is fear of financial inability to support children. Naturally, parents want the best for their children, and fear of being unable to provide adequately is a powerful deterrent to having them. This is a genuine concern -- but based on an assumption ...


10

Rabbi Reisman in Hilchos Ribis deals with this. If you are going to spend the money, then that is defined as a loan and any fee for that 'rental' is 'ribis'. Renting property means that you return the same property that you rented, such as renting a tractor to plow your field. That is why there is a discussion as to borrowing flour to make a cake and when, ...


10

The local currency is always considered to have a constant value. Any price changes are attributed to fluctuations in the value of the merchandise, and not to changes in the value of the currency. This is true even where economic conditions are clearly the reason for the price change (e.g., where the price of a foreign-made car increases due to ...


10

See OU.org that broiling is an alternative method for Koshering meat. The Torah forbids the consumption of the blood of an animal. The two accepted methods of extracting blood from meat, a process referred to as “koshering”, are either salting or broiling.


9

See this article by Rabbis Michael Broyde and Yonah Reiss. We normally write a Ketubah in terms of "zuz" plus "zekukim." As a very brief summary, R' Moshe Feinstein puts the total at 100 lbs of silver, which in 2002 (when the article was written) would be about $10,000. The authors then note it's very possible that according to R' Moshe Feinstein, if one ...


9

A mohel is not allowed to insist on payment. Sh"A Y"D says: האב שאינו יודע למול, ויש כאן מוהל שאינו רוצה למול בחנם, רק בשכר, יש לב"ד לגעור במוהל זה, כי אין זה דרכן של זרע אברהם, ואדרבה מוהלים מהדרין שיתנו להם למול. ואם עומד במרדו, ואין יד האיש משגת לתת לו שכרו, הוי כמי שאין לו אב שב"ד חייבים למולו, ולכן ב"ד היו כופין אותו, מאחר שאין אחר שימול (רשב"א סי' ...


9

It took me just over three years for each that I did. I wrote roughly half an amud(21 lines a day) using a reed. The cost was just over $8k, but I used an exceptionally high quality klaf(better surfaced and no gid marks). For the second it was just over $12K(though that was a nightmare of a sefer to write). I wrote in Klaf Gvil, which costs double the ...


9

The Aruch Hashulchan in Orach Chaim 671:2 notes this difficulty and explains that for mitzvos involving publicizing of a miracle (פרסומי ניסא), including Chanukah candles and the four cups of wine on Pesach (Orach Chaim 472:13), one must spend all of his money. Of course this just brings up another question: why should פרסומי ניסא cases be so strict?


9

I believe for most Halachic topics today that require "one prutah's worth" of cash, goods, or services (e.g. the minimum needed to effect a wedding), we go with an economic definition: the smallest amount of money that can buy something. Despite inflation, there are plenty of things you can still buy today for fifty cents or less, so fifty cents is certainly ...


9

The default system (which, absent a will or any sentiments otherwise, halacha would apply upon the death of the father) is that daughters are supported from the estate until they are married. If there are funds beyond that available, they are divided among the sons. If there are X sons and none are the firstborn, the division is 1/X for each. If one son is ...


9

This is discussed by Abarbanel in his commentary to Rambam's Moreh Nevuchim (II:32). In his interpretation of R' Yochanan, he denies that R' Yochanan is referring to prophecy at all when he says "God causes his divine presence to rest...". God resting his divine presence on someone is different from His granting someone prophecy. (What exactly "resting His ...


9

Nitei Gavriel Yom Kippur 10:17 says that it should be done with money that equals the value of a chicken.


9

As explained here on chabad.org: The Rebbe, of righteous memory, stood for hours distributing dollars and blessings to thousands of people every Sunday, and on other occasions. The Rebbe’s intention was that the recipient should give the dollar to charity. In this way, explained the Rebbe, when two meet, it should benefit another. Usually, instead ...


8

Let's try this again; [h]apotiki is the name of the game here. Rambam, Lender and Borrower 18:3 ז [ג] עשה שדהו הפותיקי לבעל חובו, או לאישה בכתובתה, והוא שיכתוב להן מכאן תגבו, ושטפה נהר--הרי זה גובה משאר נכסים, וטורף אותן; ואם התנה עימו שלא יהיה לו פירעון אלא מזו, אינו גובה משאר נכסים. If a field was specified as payment to a creditor ..., and the ...


8

The weight of a p'ruta was half that of a barleycorn, and it was silver. Assuming — without justification — that barleycorns weigh now what they did then, and other unjustified assumptions, we have: Wikipedia gives the weight of a barleycorn as about 65 mg. At about 31,103.4768 mg per troy ounce and a current price of silver of about USD28.20, that gives ...


8

Rashi on that g'mara clearly says (about the first prohibition) that it means making a life-size model, which would mean pictures on coins are okay. Likewise, it's codified in the Rambam as "one may not make a house of the form of the hechal, a porch of the form of the ulam,… a candelabrum of the form of the m'nora", etc., and Shulchan Aruch writes ...


8

"Rama, Orach Chaim 656:1, rules that one must spend up to one-fifth of his assets on order to fulfill a positive [Biblical] mitzvah and his entire fortune in order not to violate a negative [Biblical] commandment." (source) As for negative commandments that are violated by passivity--such as the commandment that you may not allow someone else to die--there ...


8

It's virtually impossible to compare money from such a long time ago. Common comparisons are: Value of precious metal. Cost of a days meal. Days labor. Each measure will give you a different number. For a goat probably a days labor is the best measure, since that's what you would have to do to get one. A day laborer (unskilled) in those days would earn ...



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