Hot answers tagged

12

God expects Jews to follow the torah and gentiles to follow the Noachide laws. Until you've converted you're still a gentile and don't have additional heavenly obligations. Perhaps you have heard of people in the process of conversion being required to do more. If so, it's likely a misunderstanding. Once you are studying with a rabbi he will guide you to ...


9

There are six commandments applicable to males at all times: Know there is God. Don't believe in other gods. Belief in unity of God. Love God. Fear God. Don't be misled by your eyes and heart. These are all equally relevant for females. The last one may apply somewhat differently to females and males. There are many other vitally important commandments ...


7

I don't think we find anywhere in Torah that we would ever make a calculation like this. While there is a discussion in Meseches Shabbas about doing an issur d'rabbanan to stop someone from doing a d'oraissa, the Gemara concludes that even that is not permissible. There are also halachos of when one is permitted to stop learning Torah to perform mitzvot, but ...


7

The great Torah scholar and codifier of Jewish law, the Rambam (R Moshe ben Maimon, 1135-1204) compiled what he calls the "Thirteen Fundamental Principles of the Jewish faith", as derived from the Torah. They were to him "the fundamental truths of our religion and its very foundations." (from here). Some have challenged to what extent everyone always agreed ...


6

After the beracha over the wine, the officiant says the birkat erusin: ברוּךְ אתּה י-י א-להינו מלךְ העוֹלָם אשׁר קדשׁנוּ בּמצוֹתיו וצוָנוּ על העריות ואָסר לָנוּ את הארוּסוֹת והתּיר לָנוּ את הנשׂוּאוֹת לָנוּ על ידי חפּה וקדוּשׁין. בּרוּךְ אַתּה י-י מקדשׁ עמוֹ ישראל על ידי חפּה וקדוּשׁין Praised be Thou, O L-rd our G‑d, King of the universe who has ...


6

The gemara in Ketubot daf 111a learns it from the passuk in Isaiah (chapter 42, verse 5): ורוח להולכים בה א"ר ירמיה בר אבא א"ר יוחנן כל המהלך ארבע אמות בארץ ישראל מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא And spirit to them that walk therein [teaches], said R. Jeremiah b. Abba in the name of R. Johanan, that whoever walks four cubits in the Land of Israel is ...


6

R Eliezer Melamed (Rosh Yeshiva in Har Bracha) writes that it is We have already learned that the mitzvah of settling the Land of Israel does not involve only conquering it, but also requires the settling and developing of every part of it. The Ramban stresses this point that "We should not leave the Land under foreign rule or desolate, as it ...


5

In בכורות דף מז, there is a dispute as to whether someone who had children and then converted had fulfilled the mitzvah of פרו ורבו, the commandment for Jews to have children. R' Yochanan says he has, for there is a commandment for even gentiles to have children, as the Torah says לשבת יצרה, mankind was created to multiply. Resh lakish argued because a ...


5

The Tur (OC 672) says that lighting during the day doesn't work because (alluding to Chulin 60b) שרגא בטיהרא מאי אהני – "a candle in the daytime, what does it accomplish?" In other words, flames aren't noticeable in broad daylight that the miracle would be publicized.


5

R. Chaim Vilozhiner (Derech Hachaim 1:21) writes that each sin causes a flaw in your soul. The punishment that is the consequence of this flaw heals it. The Derekh Hashem similarly (1:4:5) "sin detracts from one's perfection". The Michtav Me'Eliyahu explains the expression "Aveira goreres aveira" by saying that after repeatedly doing a given sin, it becomes ...


5

The new covenant replaced the old one. The reason the Jews keep the 7 Noachide laws is not because of the commandments to their pre-Mosaic ancestors, but because of the covenant at Sinai. (In fact, according to Maimonides Laws of Kings and their Wars 8:14 this is arguably also the reason why gentiles post-Sinai are still obligated in their 7 commandments. ...


5

Judaism does not specify the importance or reward of different commandments. We observe them all because God says so without trying to rationalize (although many have proposed explanations for the various commandments, e.g., Sefer Hachinuch). It is however true that breaching different commandments created the need (in Temple times) for different sacrifices....


5

aish brings the sources You shall possess the Land and dwell in it - Bamidbar 33:53 and the gemara in Ketubot 111a Whoever walks four amot in the Land of Israel may rest assured that he will be a denizen of the World to Come Ohr Somayach cites the Maharal explaining the reason Because of the intrinsic Holiness of the Land of Israel, a person ...


5

Rashi, Deuteronomy 4:23: ואתחנן. אין חנון בכל מקום אלא לשון מתנת חנם, אע"פ שיש להם לצדיקים לתלות במעשיהם הטובים, אין מבקשים מאת המקום אלא מתנת חנם Even though righteous people can ask for favors based on their good deeds, they ask only for free gifts. In addition, in Brachot 32b, Rabbi Chiya bar Aba says in the name of Rabbi Yochanan that whoever ...


4

We obviously have Tefillin, Tzitzis, Tzedaka, and many others... See Beur Halacha 1:Hu Klal Gadol Batorah... For the 6 "constant mitzvos". 1. Believe in one G-d 2. Not to believe in any others 3. To unify Him 4. To love Him 5. To fear Him 6. Not to stray after one's thoughts and sights.


4

See the Tosfos Rid in Maseches Kiddushin 42b: התוס' רי"ד: "יש מקשים, אם כן לכל דבר מצוה יועיל השליח, ויאמר אדם לחברו: שב בסוכה עבורי, הנח תפילין עבורי! ולאו מילתא היא, שהמצוה שחייבו המקום לעשות בגופו האיך ייפטר הוא על ידי שלוחו והוא לא יעשה כלום, בודאי בקידושין ובגירושין מהני כי הוא המגרש ולא השליח, שכותב בגט אנא פלוני פטרית פלונית, וכן נמי ...


4

Caveat, this answer is mostly what I've gathered from the communities I live in as well as discussion with my rabbi. This all depends on the community you're converting into and the customs of your rabbi. If you choose to adopt Ashkenazi customs, you should wear tzitzit which are tied according to the Ashkenazi practice. The same formula goes for if you ...


4

According to Dayan Grunfeld's lengthy introduction to Horeb (pp. cxx-cxxix), R' Hirsch's approach to mitzvos starts from notes in the margins of his Zohar. (I spoke to an eye-witness of those notes, who saw them when RSRH's Zohar was auctioned off in 2008.) The difference is that to Rav Hirsch, the Zohar speaks in metaphor, not of metaphysical ontologies. ...


4

Meshech Chochma notes that in Parshas Yisro, the verse says (Shemos 19:8: ויענו כל העם יחדו ויאמרו כל אשר דבר יהוה נעשה whereas in Mishpatim it says (Shemos 24:7: יאמרו כל אשר דבר יהוה נעשה ונשמע In one place it says they answered together, but does not say נעשה ונשמע, just נעשה. In the other verse, it says נעשה ונשמע but does not say that they ...


4

Given that this involves Jews, the correct answer is that it is a machlokes. There are those who say that it can be done as long as it is sent to arrive on Purim. , and there are those who say that it cannot be done. Another point is that sending to an organization that distributes on Purim is like making a shaliach to give it out for you. This is ...


4

While the garment may have more than four corners, the command is to to put tzitzit on four corners. Rashi connects this to the four expressions of redemption (just like the four cups at the seder). Rashi says: on the corners of their garments: Corresponding to [the verse said in connection with the exodus from Egypt]“I carried you on the wings (...


4

Tsitsit is a Mitsva written in the Torah for men wearing some clothes fulfilling conditions of form and composition. Kippa is a custom linked to good character and humility. Both are excellent. As you can place Tefilin without Tsitsit and Brit milah without Tefilin, the lack of Kippa does not prevent the Mitsvat Tsitsit. It is obvious. Maybe I will add later ...


3

The Gemara Ketubot (111a) states that anyone who walks four amot (cubits) is assured a place in the World to Come: א"ר ירמיה בר אבא א"ר יוחנן: כל המהלך ארבע אמות בארץ ישראל - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא This would be roughly equivalent to four steps. The K'nesset Hag'dolah (Orach Chaim 248) writes that he thinks he remembers the Shiltei Giborim writing ...


3

According to the "Duties of the Heart" love of God is a very advanced level. It requires lots of foundation work as explained in chapter 3 of the Gate of Love of God there. Here is an excerpt. You'll need to study the whole book to fully understand his words. What is the way to attaining love of G-d? I answer this question as follows: This request is ...


3

The reason that supporting Israeli businesses can be seen as a mitzva is that there is an overall mitzva to buy and sell preferably from Jews (when you have the choice) -- as mentioned by @hazoriz above. This is based on a verse in Vayikra to sell "to your fellow" which Rashi understands to mean your fellow Jew. So if faced with the choice of buying from ...


3

Reb Shlomo Zalman Auerbach says IDF soldiers may risk their lives to recover the body of a slain comrade because if soldiers think that if they are killed their bodies will be left in the field this would cause a weakening of their combat moral which poses pikuach nephesh to klal yisrael. From this it seems evident RSZA was of the opinion that the IDF are ...


3

I will keep it short and give just a few resources: Tanya (First chapter):A righteous person is not a person that has more mitzvos vs. aveiros. A person is called a complete Rasha when he is in the middle of an Aveira. Mefarshim on sukkot second chapter: Or Zaru'a , Ran on the Rif: A person can not stop a mitzva for another mitzva. The reason for is ...


3

Does the rule 'You shall not murder' stand above all other rules in Judaism? NO (but it's up there) to summarize the quotes below (in order), if we consider To know that there is a God a commandment as the Rambam does, it seems to be the most important commandment in Judaism. Regarding our connection to G-d: their are is no difference in commandments ...


3

Practise it via the version of Hillel the Elder: "That which is hateful to yourself, do not do to your fellow man". Having taken that on board, perhaps address your self-hatred with his other maxims: "If I am not for myself who is for me? And being for my own self, what am 'I'? And if not now, when?" (quoted from Perkei Avot).


3

You are thinking of the Talmud Menachot 44a: אמר רב ששת כל שאינו מניח תפילין עובר בשמונה עשה וכל שאין לו ציצית בבגדו עובר בחמשה עשה וכל כהן שאינו עולה לדוכן עובר בג' עשה כל שאין לו מזוזה בפתחו עובר בשני עשה Rav Sheshet said: anyone who doesn't put on Tefillin violates 8 positive commandments, and anyone who doesn't have Tzitzit on his clothes violates ...



Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible