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11

God expects Jews to follow the torah and gentiles to follow the Noachide laws. Until you've converted you're still a gentile and don't have additional heavenly obligations. Perhaps you have heard of people in the process of conversion being required to do more. If so, it's likely a misunderstanding. Once you are studying with a rabbi he will guide you to ...


8

There are six commandments applicable to males at all times: Know there is God. Don't believe in other gods. Belief in unity of God. Love God. Fear God. Don't be misled by your eyes and heart. These are all equally relevant for females. The last one may apply somewhat differently to females and males. There are many other vitally important commandments ...


7

I don't think we find anywhere in Torah that we would ever make a calculation like this. While there is a discussion in Meseches Shabbas about doing an issur d'rabbanan to stop someone from doing a d'oraissa, the Gemara concludes that even that is not permissible. There are also halachos of when one is permitted to stop learning Torah to perform mitzvot, but ...


6

After the beracha over the wine, the officiant says the birkat erusin: ברוּךְ אתּה י-י א-להינו מלךְ העוֹלָם אשׁר קדשׁנוּ בּמצוֹתיו וצוָנוּ על העריות ואָסר לָנוּ את הארוּסוֹת והתּיר לָנוּ את הנשׂוּאוֹת לָנוּ על ידי חפּה וקדוּשׁין. בּרוּךְ אַתּה י-י מקדשׁ עמוֹ ישראל על ידי חפּה וקדוּשׁין Praised be Thou, O L-rd our G‑d, King of the universe who has ...


6

The gemara in Ketubot daf 111a learns it from the passuk in Isaiah (chapter 42, verse 5): ורוח להולכים בה א"ר ירמיה בר אבא א"ר יוחנן כל המהלך ארבע אמות בארץ ישראל מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא And spirit to them that walk therein [teaches], said R. Jeremiah b. Abba in the name of R. Johanan, that whoever walks four cubits in the Land of Israel is ...


6

R Eliezer Melamed (Rosh Yeshiva in Har Bracha) writes that it is We have already learned that the mitzvah of settling the Land of Israel does not involve only conquering it, but also requires the settling and developing of every part of it. The Ramban stresses this point that "We should not leave the Land under foreign rule or desolate, as it ...


5

In בכורות דף מז, there is a dispute as to whether someone who had children and then converted had fulfilled the mitzvah of פרו ורבו, the commandment for Jews to have children. R' Yochanan says he has, for there is a commandment for even gentiles to have children, as the Torah says לשבת יצרה, mankind was created to multiply. Resh lakish argued because a ...


5

Yes, you can wear a Tallis/Tzitzis since the Tallis itself has no holyness, it is just an instrument of a Mitzva (תשמישי מצווה) furthermore, the fear for companionship with a Jew (שמא יתלווה לישראל בדרך) is also not relevant since we are talking about a proselyte who intends to join Kehal Hashem. See further info in details in Mishnat Hager (Ch. 1, 32). ...


5

The Tur (OC 672) says that lighting during the day doesn't work because (alluding to Chulin 60b) שרגא בטיהרא מאי אהני – "a candle in the daytime, what does it accomplish?" In other words, flames aren't noticeable in broad daylight that the miracle would be publicized.


5

R. Chaim Vilozhiner (Derech Hachaim 1:21) writes that each sin causes a flaw in your soul. The punishment that is the consequence of this flaw heals it. The Derekh Hashem similarly (1:4:5) "sin detracts from one's perfection". The Michtav Me'Eliyahu explains the expression "Aveira goreres aveira" by saying that after repeatedly doing a given sin, it becomes ...


5

The new covenant replaced the old one. The reason the Jews keep the 7 Noachide laws is not because of the commandments to their pre-Mosaic ancestors, but because of the covenant at Sinai. (In fact, according to Maimonides Laws of Kings and their Wars 8:14 this is arguably also the reason why gentiles post-Sinai are still obligated in their 7 commandments. ...


5

Judaism does not specify the importance or reward of different commandments. We observe them all because God says so without trying to rationalize (although many have proposed explanations for the various commandments, e.g., Sefer Hachinuch). It is however true that breaching different commandments created the need (in Temple times) for different ...


4

We obviously have Tefillin, Tzitzis, Tzedaka, and many others... See Beur Halacha 1:Hu Klal Gadol Batorah... For the 6 "constant mitzvos". 1. Believe in one G-d 2. Not to believe in any others 3. To unify Him 4. To love Him 5. To fear Him 6. Not to stray after one's thoughts and sights.


4

The Aruch Hashulchan (154:5) (as cited here) writes that technically a yad would not have been considered a tashmish kedusha if that had been its sole function. However, the custom is (and was) to also hang it from the Torah as a decoration. Therefore, it is considered a tashmish kedusha with all the attendant restrictions, such as requiring "sheimos geniza" ...


4

See the Tosfos Rid in Maseches Kiddushin 42b: התוס' רי"ד: "יש מקשים, אם כן לכל דבר מצוה יועיל השליח, ויאמר אדם לחברו: שב בסוכה עבורי, הנח תפילין עבורי! ולאו מילתא היא, שהמצוה שחייבו המקום לעשות בגופו האיך ייפטר הוא על ידי שלוחו והוא לא יעשה כלום, בודאי בקידושין ובגירושין מהני כי הוא המגרש ולא השליח, שכותב בגט אנא פלוני פטרית פלונית, וכן נמי ...


4

The Gemara Ketubot (111a) states that anyone who walks four amot (cubits) is assured a place in the World to Come: א"ר ירמיה בר אבא א"ר יוחנן: כל המהלך ארבע אמות בארץ ישראל - מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא This would be roughly equivalent to four steps. The K'nesset Hag'dolah (Orach Chaim 248) writes that he thinks he remembers the Shiltei Giborim writing ...


4

Caveat, this answer is mostly what I've gathered from the communities I live in as well as discussion with my rabbi. This all depends on the community you're converting into and the customs of your rabbi. If you choose to adopt Ashkenazi customs, you should wear tzitzit which are tied according to the Ashkenazi practice. The same formula goes for if you ...


4

According to Dayan Grunfeld's lengthy introduction to Horeb (pp. cxx-cxxix), R' Hirsch's approach to mitzvos starts from notes in the margins of his Zohar. (I spoke to an eye-witness of those notes, who saw them when RSRH's Zohar was auctioned off in 2008.) The difference is that to Rav Hirsch, the Zohar speaks in metaphor, not of metaphysical ontologies. ...


3

According to the "Duties of the Heart" love of God is a very advanced level. It requires lots of foundation work as explained in chapter 3 of the Gate of Love of God there. Here is an excerpt. You'll need to study the whole book to fully understand his words. What is the way to attaining love of G-d? I answer this question as follows: This request is ...


3

The reason that supporting Israeli businesses can be seen as a mitzva is that there is an overall mitzva to buy and sell preferably from Jews (when you have the choice) -- as mentioned by @hazoriz above. This is based on a verse in Vayikra to sell "to your fellow" which Rashi understands to mean your fellow Jew. So if faced with the choice of buying from ...


3

The complete line in that meditation before putting on the tallit says, "May it be considered before You that I accomplished this mitzvah with all of its details (p'rateha) and exact instructions (dikdukeiha) and its proper intentions (kav'nateiha) and the 613 mitzvot that depend on it." Two of the words in that list are masculine (p'ratim and dikdukim), ...


3

Rambam writes fairly emphatically in a responsum that Torah study depends not upon the Hebrew language, but upon the intent of the words: ואין הפרש שהבין אותו הענין מלשון קודש או מלשון ערבי או מלשון ארמי הכונה היא הבנת ענינים בכל לשון שיהיה There is no difference if he understood the matter in L'shon Hakodesh (Hebrew), or in Arabic, or in Aramaic. ...


3

I will keep it short and give just a few resources: Tanya (First chapter):A righteous person is not a person that has more mitzvos vs. aveiros. A person is called a complete Rasha when he is in the middle of an Aveira. Mefarshim on sukkot second chapter: Or Zaru'a , Ran on the Rif: A person can not stop a mitzva for another mitzva. The reason for is ...


3

Does the rule 'You shall not murder' stand above all other rules in Judaism? NO (but it's up there) to summarize the quotes below (in order), if we consider To know that there is a God a commandment as the Rambam does, it seems to be the most important commandment in Judaism. Regarding our connection to G-d: their are is no difference in commandments ...


2

SAH gave an excellent exposition of the laws of mitzvot from the Torah. Rabbinic mitzvot are subject to a more lenient set of laws. While each Rabbinic mitzvah has its own laws - please consult your own LOR, do research, or ask separately - the following things are often considered regarding Rabbinic obligations: Hefsed Gadol - a large loss of money Tza'ar ...


2

Most Rishonim hold that the obligation to love a fellow Jew does not demand a person to feel a specific emotion. Rather, it asks of a Jew specific actions. A Jew must act towards his fellow with care, protecting his property and his honor. Notably, the Ibn Ezra holds the mitzvah to be literal. Sources are provided below: The Rambam writes: Mishneh Torah, ...


2

The Gemara in Berachot 13a says that there is a dispute about whether the Torah was given in Lashon ha-Kodesh or in every language. The Shitah Mekubetzet ibid. cites the Ra'avad who explains that the question is about Torah study: if the Torah was given in every language, one can study it in every language, but if it was not, then one only fulfills והגית בו ...


2

“Avraham walked with them to escort them” - B’reishit 18:16 “It is a positive commandment of Rabbinic origin to visit the sick, comfort mourners, to prepare for a funeral, prepare a bride, accompany guests, attend to all the needs of a burial, carry a corpse on one shoulders, walk before the bier, mourn, dig a grave, and bury the dead, and ...


2

the Sefer Haikarim 3, 28 quoting The Talmud in Nazir 23 , answers this clearly: כי בעשיית כל מצוות ומצווה יש שתי בחינות:  האחד מצד העשות מעשה המצווה והגיעה אל הפועל השלם;  והשנית מצד כוונת העושה אותה.  והשלמות הנמשך אל המצווה איננו מצד המעשה, שהרי אמרו רבותינו ז"ל במסכת נזיר (כ"ג) גדולה עבירה לשמה ממצווה שלא לשמה. ואמרו שם: משל לשני בני אדם ...


2

The Rambam writes in the introduction to Chelek (Shilat translation, p. 131): ולא תהיה תכלית החכמה אלא ידיעתה בלבד. וכן אין תכלית האמת אלא שידע שהיא אמת. והמצוות אמת ולפיכך תכליתן קיומם The purpose of knowledge should not be anything other than knowing it. Similarly, there is no purpose of truth other than knowing that it is the truth. And the ...



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