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9

It is a prohibition not to stand by as another Jew is in any kind of danger, be it physical or financial. ALL of the Monei Hamitzvos include it. See Behag 93, Saadia Gaon 61, Rambam 297, Semag 165, Ramban 293, Chinuch 237, Semak 79, etc.


7

I think the main fundamental drive is not about getting a reward. It is about building a relationship with the Creator of the World. The reason for doing the mitzvos is that they are an expression of His Will, and we love Him very much, like one loves his father, and obey his will not because of the reward but because we want to do something nice for Him. ...


7

Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch's book Horeb divides the commandments into six categories: Torot (teachings) - fundamental principles relating to mental and spiritual preparation for life Edot (testimonies) - symbolic observances representing truths which form the basis of Israel's life Mishpatim (ordinances/judgements1) - declarations of justice towards human ...


6

I could theorize that according to R. Firrer, the 'halakhic Earth' would be defined as anywhere that one is still subject to the Earth's gravitational field. Actually reading the article, however, implies that either 1. as soon as something is not touching Earth, it is no longer governed by its halachos (which, as you point out, is ridiculous) or 2. anything ...


6

The Talmud (Nedarim 27a) writes that אונס רחמנא פטריה "The Merciful One (i.e. God) exempted [from punishment] one who is coerced." Similerly, the sefer HaChinuch, writes with many (if not most!) of the 613 Biblical commandments that they don't apply today for a variety of reasons( the Temple in Jerusalem is destroyed, require ritual purity, etc). Thus, ...


5

The Ramban (Sh'mos 20:8) says that because positive mitzvos stem from loving HASHEM while negative mitzvos stem from fear of HASHEM and love is greater than fear.


5

The Gemara in Menahot 39a implies that the bare minimum Biblical obligation is only one knot. However, Tosfot there understand that this single knot mentioned by the Gemara is actually (what we would call) a double knot, because a single knot doesn't hold tight. However, there are other traditions of how to make this knot, such as in the example all the way ...


5

Short answer: no, it's not a formal prohibition, but it's still wrong to prevent someone from sleeping. From http://www.dinonline.org/2013/11/05/gezel-sheina-stealing-sleep/ The sefer “Ve-Ahavta Le-Re’acha Kamocha” notes that Rav Chaim of Brisk used the expression “gezel sheina,” implying that waking somebody up needlessly is a form of theft. ...


5

Kraina D'Igrasa 1:59 - Rabbi Yaakov Yisrael Kanievsky Zatzal writes that one who does not return the Seforim to its place is doing a Midah Achzorios and is a Rasha. Alternatively you can print one of the pictures in this link and show what the Shul can look like if Sefarim are not returned to their place, or even better just do this a few times until the ...


5

There is a dispute of the Rishonim as to whether or not daughter in law is a relationship prohibited to Noahides (Ramban vs. Rashba). The Ramban (to Yevamos 98a) holds that Noahides have no prohibition of relationships with relatives who are not blood relatives. He brings a proof to this from the fact that Yehuda absolved Tamar upon discovering her ...


4

a created being is under duty to serve his Creator on account of gratitude for having created him. this is explained at length in the Chovos Halevavos especially Gate #3 - Service of G-d. there he says, that nevertheless, a person does not usually give all he has unless he gets something greater for it. This reward is that the Creator will be pleased with ...


4

Off the top of my head: You will feel like your life has a purpose. You'll have a meaningful life as opposed to a "well, I happen to be here, may as well enjoy it life." You don't have to feel like a victim of circumstance. Hashem controls everything in the world, and everything that happens to you. The world is not a big scary chaotic place that could eat ...


4

See Tanya Chapter 36: Yet what could be the purpose of this series of worlds and their degeneration ever lower and lower? It could not be the higher worlds. After all, as high as they could be, they are still a descent from the light of His presence. Rather, the goal must be this lowest world. But what could be gained from a lowly world? It must be ...


4

R' Nissim Gaon on Shabbos 132b says the following: ובזה הפירוש שפירשנו יסיר מלבך ספק גדול שמסתפקין בו בני אדם ושואלין עליו והוא שאומרין מאחר שאנו יודעין שאזהרת לאו קשה מציווי עשה היאך יבא עשה וידחה האזהרה של לאו שהיא חמורה ממנו ומדרך הידוע שהחמור דוחה הקל ולא עוד אלא שפעמים שעולה על דעתן שיש בענין הזה ענין חזרה בדבר הראשון. והתשובה הוא מה שהקדמנו שהאזהרה ...


4

Mentally ill individuals are known as a shoteh. People who are classified as such are exempt from all mitzvot obligations. (Chagiga 2b) However, determining whether a person is a shoteh must be done on a case-by-case basis. Please see Who is a Shoteh? and the sources below for more information. In particular, As a result of this characterization of ...


4

The rule is עשה דוחה לא תעשה - a positive commandment pushes away a negative commandment. Basically this is in fact quite limited, but in theory if something is simply forbidden by a negative commandment but a Mitzvah comes along that requires violating it in order to fulfill it, then we go ahead and do the Mitzvah if there is no way to avoid the negative ...


4

The Yerushalmi (Sukka 1:2) and Tosefta (Brachos 6:9) write that one should make a bracha on 'the mitzvah of building a sukkah'. However, the Bavli (Sukka daf 46a and see Rosh there) disagrees. The simplest way to explain the dispute would be to say that the Yerushalmi believes that there's a mitzvah to build the sukkah, and the Bavli disagrees. I believe ...


4

I was once in a Beis Medrash which used the following tactic. They had signs up which said that the sefarim were only available to use on condition that you return them to the shelf. So if you don't return them, you have borrowed them without permission and are a thief. So you could add לא תגזול to your next sign if you would like to go this route.


3

The source of the obligation for women to say the Haggadah is from the Talmud in Pesachim 108a, which says that they are obligated in the four cups because they were part of the miracle. Although according to the Rashbam (Pesachim 117b) and the Meiri, the cups are an independent matter to show freedom, and therefore there is no clear derivation that women ...


3

The Mishneh Halochos has a Teshuva in Shu"t Mishneh Halachot Vol. 12 Sec. 443. He first goes into an explanation from Brachot how its a bad thing to do, then brings a source from Sanhedrin that on the contrary it's possibly a Mitzva to wake someone. In conclusion it applies to someone who is sickly or hasn't slept for three days. Based on this it would be ...


3

I remember a PHD thesis (I think by Rabbi Lichtenstein, but I will have to find it) in which he stated that the 7 are actually categories, each of which consists of a number of different mitzvos (as far as making a link with the Torah goes). For example, there is the category of theft which can be broken down it individual mitzvos.


3

In addition to everything said in this answer, Nefesh HaChaim Shaar 1 Perek 3 (as one example - it is hard to point to one quotable line, as it is a large theme of the Shaar) discusses that man is tied in the structure of creation, and doing mitzvos reinforces the structure of creation and brings a positive energy and influence into the world which improves ...


3

Shaalos U'Tshuvos Achiezer 3:26 says that if one accepts all the Mitzvos yet intends to break one of them intentionally, it is not a lack of accepting the Mitzvos. . אבל במי שמקבל עליו כל המצוות, רק שבדעתו לעבור לתיאבון, אין זה חיסרון בדין קבלת המצוות Igros Moshe Yoreh Deah 3:108 also says that if one converts knowing they will be unable to keep one ...


3

Yes. The Baal HaTanya wrote in his Shulchan Aruch (2:1) (quoting the Tur) that "one shouldn't act in an immodest manner even not in front of other people ... even if one is is alone in a room at night one must be modest in front of Hashem ... therefore one shouldn't reveal his flesh, even a little". The Mahadura kamma added that modesty adds to one's ...


3

Tanya, Chapter 41: אך אמנם אמרו רז"ל לעולם אל יוציא אדם עצמו מן הכלל לכן יתכוין ליחד ולדבקה בו ית' מקור נפשו האלהית ומקור נפשות כל ישראל שהוא רוח פיו ית' הנק' בשם שכינה על שם ששוכנת ומתלבשת תוך כל עלמין להחיותן ולקיימן והיא היא המשפעת בו כח הדבור הזה שמדבר בדברי תורה או כח המעשה הזה לעשות מצוה זו ... וכן בהכנה זו יתחיל ללמוד שיעור קבוע מיד אחר ...


3

I can give a partial answer regarding the statutes and ordinances - in Hebrew "Chukim Umishpatim" A statute is a law that has no "logical" reasoning for example, the laws of kashrut (kosher) are not based on human "logic". We cannot logically reason why we cannot eat shellfish, for example. An oridnance - "mishpat" is something that we can logically ...


3

On Shabbat, one is not prohibited from doing all creative work, only that which fall into one of the 39 Categories. These categories were determined based on the creative work necessary for the construction of the Mishkan (Tabernacle), and since procreation was not necessary for the construction, it is not prohibited. In addition, it is unclear if sexual ...


3

As Shmuel wrote, relations does not involve any of the 39 forbidden activities and is not forbidden. I would like to add a few additional thoughts: Any act of creation in zygote formation takes place at the microscopic level which, in general, is not viewed halachically as a significant action. Zygote creation takes place within the context of marital ...


3

Bal Haturim - Devarim 1:3 says that a Torah scholar protects 40,000 people in his location from their enemies.


3

It seems that the comments, above, explain the meaning of the two words. Looking at the roots - "Mitzvah" comes from "tzavah" (zvh) meaning "to command". The Torah has mitzvot - commandments, because it states "Do (or don't do) this". rarely does it explain HOW to do or not do something. (Technically, mitzvot lo ta'aseh are "easier" b/c you just don't do ...



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