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Rashi, Deuteronomy 4:23: ואתחנן. אין חנון בכל מקום אלא לשון מתנת חנם, אע"פ שיש להם לצדיקים לתלות במעשיהם הטובים, אין מבקשים מאת המקום אלא מתנת חנם Even though righteous people can ask for favors based on their good deeds, they ask only for free gifts. In addition, in Brachot 32b, Rabbi Chiya bar Aba says in the name of Rabbi Yochanan that whoever ...


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No. The conversation of the Gemara takes place after the churban. The fact that they are discussing the practical application of halacha proves they held ot binding in their era.


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You could as easily ask why the torah has mitzvot that can be observed only in Israel, when God knew that we would be in exile for thousands of years. But for God to not give us mitzvot specific to Israel, or the Temple, would "normalize" galut and the absence of the Temple. It shouldn't feel normal and routine that we are not in Israel, and it shouldn't ...


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There is no issue with doing a mitzvah with the hope that the mitzvah will give you some benefit or be a merit for some other supplication. On the contrary it is seen as a righteous deed. This idea is found in the Gemara Pesachim (8a) regarding one who gives charity in order for one's child to be healed from sickness and other requests: האומר סלע זו ...



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