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10

In terms of why they argue, the Arizal wrote that Beis Shammai embodied the characteristic of middas hadin, strict justice, whereas Beis Hillel embodied the attribute of middas harachamim, mercy. They had world-views which led to their manifold disputes, with B"S consistently falling on the side of stringency and B"H on the side of leniency. (It was once ...


9

Excerpt from Dafnotes: The Rambam, in his introduction to his commentary on the Mishnah writes that Seder Zera’im, which addresses the mitzvos of the Land (Eretz Yisrael), was placed at the beginning of the six Orders (Sedarim) because it deals with the halachos of food from the vegetable kingdom, which is the foundation for all living existence. ...


7

Toldos Tanaim Vamoraim - page 286 says that there is no record of his death anywhere, however he outlived Hillel based on a Gemara in Bava Basra 133b.


4

Even if such a database existed, in the case of the Gemara it would not have helped the purchaser. The Gemara (12b) sets up the concern of this case to be that the document was written, but then not given to the borrower until later, in which case a purchase made between the time it was written and the time it was given would in reality not be subject to ...


4

The Vilna Gaon in Shenos Eliyahu writes that the Talmud started with the mitzvah of Krias Shema because this is the first mitzva in which a person becomes obligated, as it begins at nightfall, and will therefore be the first mitzvah they encounter in adulthood. R' Tzaddok HaKohen in Tzidkas Hatzadik explains that blessings express our acceptance of Hashem's ...


4

The fifth chapter of Avos says one hallmark of a chacham, wise person, is that mode al haemes, he acknowledges the truth. Rashi says this refers to someone who has erred and acknowledges a correction.


4

I don't have Kahati but from the Bartenura I will say that we are dealing with a legality in the second case that doesn't apply to the first. In the second case the plaintiff points to the big ox and says this one damaged mine. To which the defendant responds by pointing to a different, smaller ox and says no, this one did. Now, although value wise the ...


4

According to Tosafos Yeshanim at the end of Maseches Yoma, stam Rabi Yosei is Rabi Yosei ben Chalafta. So I'll point out these ideas from here http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/8789-jose-ben-halafta Which point to him being non-affiliated with either school. It is very likely that he studied much under his father, Ḥalafta, whose authority he ...


4

In old manuscripts of the Mishna (and in the Rambam's Haggada), the questions are actually phrased "על שם מה" not "על שום מה". Thus the "reasons" we are giving are based on the names. (See, for instance, the commentary in this Haggada.) "Sabba, why do we eat this thing called Pesach?" "Well, it's because God skipped (Pasach) over our houses when he killed ...


4

The Beis Yosef (O.C. 48:1 s.v. ויש נהגין) asks this question, and answers essentially that "the world" sees that Abaya holds the Halacha is like Abba Shaul, and didn't want to change his order. Rabbi Chaim Zilberberg writes in his sefer, Darchei Chaim that he and his father would add in the opinion of the Rabbanan that argue with Abba Shaul in their own ...


3

All pictures from 'Pnei Shabbat', pictorial guide to Mishnayot Shabbat by Yonatan Gerstein. This is from Perek 1, mishna 9.


3

The Iggeres HaRav Sherira HaGaon, a fabulous history of the Oral Torah and how it came to be written down in the Mishna and subsequently in the Gemara, speaks to this point. Rav Sherira (ca 900-1000 CE), who was one of the last heads of the Pumbedisa yeshiva, states that following the destruction of the Second Temple, the various rabbis and their students ...


3

Ramban (Shemos 28:30) writes that communicating with the Urim Vetumim is of a lower level of (clarity) than regular prophecy though of a higher level than a bat kol. Rambam (Moreh Nevuchim 2:42) explains that both hagar and Monach could receive a revelation (/communication) from Hashem, yet they were not technically prophets. Rashi on Megillah 32a describes ...


3

According to the Mishna Sedura, the breakup is as follows: Zeraim: 75 prakim with a total of 683 mishnayot Moed: 88 prakim with a total of 681 mishnayot Nashim: 71 prakim with a total of 570 mishnayot N'zikin: 74 prakim with a total of 685 mishnayot Kodshim: 91 prakim with a total of 590 mishnayot Taharot: 126 prakim with a total of 1015 mishnayot Grand ...


2

The art scroll gemoro (104b English page 3) says that the gemoro is not saying that "Rabbi Yosi is the Tanna Kama", it is saying that in effect he is saying the same thing as the Tana Kama, so why is he in the Mishna. Footnote 23 says that the hava amina (you might think) that this particular mishna is saying that the Tanna Kamma contends that Bais Shamai ...


2

Disclaimer: the answer is based on my personal experience. Learning Mishna before learning the Gemara is very helpful to get the basic knowledge. However, learning all the mishnayot is very time consuming. Also, in many cases, learning mishnayot may be less pleasurable then gemara (warning: this is a subjective statement). And getting pleasure from the ...


2

This answer is from my personal experience. I made a siyum hashas on mishna for my bar mitzvah before ever opening a gemara. We (my father and i) learned with Perush Kehati. When there was something ambiguous in the mishna that was explained by the gemara, Kehati would bring it. We didn't have to look it up in the gemara, which was good, because i had not ...


2

You could go to Machon Mamre and download the entire Bavli and Yerushalmi. They seem to have a very standardized format for highlighting when the Mishna starts and what page it's on. You can then parse the data and create this index.


2

R. Sherira Gaon (Iggeres R. Shrira Gaon) famously writes that "it was decided" that Amoraim cannot argue on tannaim.


2

No. This is a commonly stated rule post-Talmud, but it is also simply accepted without debate in the Talmud. One example is Gitten 49b-50a where Mar Zutra makes a statement that when the Mishna says that when land is foreclosed on to collect a Kesuba the land taken from the least valuable-per-acre land (Ziburis) it is only referring to if the husband dies ...


2

Yes. The Life Work of Shimon haAmsoni. Aggada Insight by Rabbi Yitzchak Blau Cited in Talmud Bavli no less than four times, this braissa first appears in Pesachim (22b)See the Art Scroll page 22b3 notes 27 - 30 Shimon HaAmsuni- some say Nechemia HaAmsuni- was doresh all the ‘esem’ (the appearances of the word ‘es’) in the Torah. Upon reaching ‘Es ...


2

Your premise is wrong, they do not argue in most places, in fact compared to the amount of things they agree on it is almost as if they do not argue about anything. For example in the example you brought they disagree about whether a person's objects are required to rest on Shabbos. They only disagree about this after they agree that: Melacha is Assur on ...


2

I am not sure I would agree with the premise of the question, that the reason to mention these (two of) three things because (for Pesach) the Torah says the Lord will see the blood and not smite and because (for Matza) that it is evidence. Rather, the most immediate cause of Rabban Gamliel's opinion is the word Zeh, within the command to relate the story of ...


2

Tosafot Yom Tov on Pirkei Avot 3:2:4: ועוסק כו'. שיחיד אינו רגיל להוציא ד''ת מפיו, ולפיכך לא שייך לומר אצלו ועוסק בד''ת כמו שהוא אצל שנים שהם מדברים זה עם זה: My translation / paraphrase: An individual studying alone will not verbalize words of Torah. Therefore, (I'm questioning if there is a misprint, here?) it says "He is involved (your translation says ...


1

It appears that he learned it from his teachers at the time he was learning mishnayos. Only later did he learn it from the gemara itself. Thus he credited the ones who taught him (and may have referenced the gemara). We see in the gemara that at times it credits Rav A and then quotes him as saying that he heard it from Rav B. We first give the credit to the ...


1

The Tosafos Yom Tov understands the words "achal...maaser sheni v'hekdesh" literally to refer to eating as opposed to drinking. The meat cannot be maaser sheni. (See Tiferes Yisrael).


1

See the beginning of Hazahav in Bava Metzia 44a מתני ליה רבי לרבי שמעון בריה הזהב קונה את הכסף א'ל רבי שנית לנו בילדותיך הכסף קונה את הזהב ותחזור ותשנה לנו בזקנותיך הזהב קונה את הכסף בילדותיה מאי. סבר ובזקנותיה מאי סבר בילדותיה סבר etc. It is apparent at least that Rabi Yehuda Hannasi last edited the Mishna when he was a old. We also see that he was not ...


1

Yes. Tosfos Yom Tov (Nazir 5:5) writes that just as earlier commentators were willing to explain the Torah according to a 'peshat' that doesn't conform with the Halakha, we may do the same when it comes to the Mishnah. More on this methodology is discussed by R. Kalman Kahane in Heker VeYiyun I, pg. 150-152 Additionally, there are also sources (Gra-related ...



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