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15

I have no time to read the article - and therefore do not endorse anything they write. The Rabbis instituted that Holy Books like a Sefer Torah would defile the hands. Why? Because people would keep their Teruma (tithes to be given to the Cohen) with their Holy Books. This was to prevent their Teruma from becoming Tameh (impure). The rationale was the ...


14

With regard to Sh'kalim, I believe the answer does indeed rely on publication practices. The practice of printing (and therefore studying) Sh'kalim with the rest of Talmud Bavli Seder Moed can be traced as far back as the times of the Geonim. [The idea is that Sh'kalim is short and therefore relatively inexpensive to print with the rest of Seder Moed to ...


13

The Commentary on the Mishnah came first. In his colophon at the end of it, Rambam writes that he began writing the commentary at age 23, and finished it at age 30, in the year 1479 of the "Era of Documents" (4928 since Creation, 1168 CE). The Mishneh Torah, on the other hand, was written in the 4930s. In the introduction he says that the current year is ...


12

In the introduction to the Tur (upon which the Shulchan Aruch is based), R' Yaakov Baal HaTurim writes that he organized the Sefer based on the order of the day, how a person should conduct himself from when he wakes up until he goes to sleep.


12

In terms of why they argue, the Arizal wrote that Beis Shammai embodied the characteristic of middas hadin, strict justice, whereas Beis Hillel embodied the attribute of middas harachamim, mercy. They had world-views which led to their manifold disputes, with B"S consistently falling on the side of stringency and B"H on the side of leniency. (It was once ...


11

We say every morning "Neshalma parim sefatenu". Since we cannot offer Korbanot , we got the Tfila instead. So the Tfila follows the order of the Korbanot. For the Korbanot the day starts after sunrise.


10

The Rav (ad loc.) explains that these are opposites: One who borrows without repaying doesn't foresee that, therefore, people will refuse to lend to him in the future. R' Shim'on b. N'san'el didn't want to say "one who doesn't see what's coming", explains the Rav, because others who don't see what's coming aren't so bad, as they may be able to get around ...


10

An Google spreadsheet with all that information (and more!) is available here. A screenshot of the more relevant part is clipped below:


10

From Soncino's intro to Seder Moed: "It might be observed that the designation 'Mo'ed' is in the singular, as distinct from the plural forms used to designate the other Orders, e.g., Nashim, Nezikin, etc. It has been suggested that the singular is here specially used to avoid the confusion that might arise through the employment of the plural Seder Mo'adim ...


10

if she confesses she won't be put to death by Beis Din since you need 2 witnesses for that. and if there are 2 witnesses then she won't be tested by the sota water, hence there are not 2 witnesses. therefore, she would be saving her life from the water by confessing and would not be executed by beis din.


10

Rabbi Gamliel was not the best rabbi of all time. I do not know of any Rabbi who has ever been given that title, except from sub sects of Judaism who might venerate one Rabbi over another. Many Rabbis are given pinnacle accolades, declaring that without them the nation would be lost, or after them there was a great reduction of some kind. However, being ...


10

This is a rather common expression (it appears eight times in Shas according to my search, but I know that it's very commonly found among the commentators). As you thought, בטלה refers to the subject's דעת - it means "his own intention is voided in light of everyone else's." Legally speaking, this means to say that even if a person thought to have a ...


9

I would offer three answers, which I believe may be true simultaneously. 1 While scribes were extremely careful for pesukim in Tanach, so as not to invalidate the kosher status of the sefer, they were not so careful when quoting pesukim when they occurred within the Gemara. Add to that that sometimes earlier manuscripts will shorten words or phrases with ...


9

Excerpt from Dafnotes: The Rambam, in his introduction to his commentary on the Mishnah writes that Seder Zera’im, which addresses the mitzvos of the Land (Eretz Yisrael), was placed at the beginning of the six Orders (Sedarim) because it deals with the halachos of food from the vegetable kingdom, which is the foundation for all living existence. ...


8

Choosing a quick and easy mesechta of mishnayos is a highly subjective activity. The first consideration, obviously, is length. However, there are plenty of relatively short mesechtos, so this is not a major problem. The biggest issue, especially for someone with a limited background, is to avoid having too many new concepts at once, especially big ...


8

HaMaor Volume 46 Number 3 Page 26 says that since all the Yomim Tovim are going to be nullified besides Purim when Moshiach comes therefore it is called Moed in singular form as the only Mesechta remaining will be Megila. Otzar Kol Minhagei Yishurin Siman 7 * note says that since the names of the Shisha Sidrei Mishna are based on the Pasuk והיה אמונת עתיך ...


8

The עיקר תוי"ט already asks your question ibid ח: וְדִבְרֵי תֵּימַהּ הֵן, דִּבְהֶדְיָא שָׁנִינוּ בְּמִשְׁנָה ג' פֶּרֶק ב' דִּזְבָחִים חוּץ לִמְקוֹמוֹ פָּסוּל וְאֵין בּוֹ כָּרֵת‏ So it seems that the Bartenura was either badly copied or else simply used the common phrase חוץ לזמנן או חוץ למקומן "as a matter of habit". (For similar, see the עיקר ...


7

I vaguely recall seeing some discussion about the whole "heat adding" thing years ago (maybe an old AOJS article?), but unfortunately don't have the details. Honestly, I'm still not certain how to understand the mishna. But off the top of my head ... Leo Levi's The Science in Torah suggests that something like manure worked by fermenting, and fermentation ...


7

According to the Kahati comment on that Mishnah, it should be read A ger brings but does not read ... If [he is not a ger but only] his mother is Jewish he brings and says ... Kahati explains that this is put in because we might think that a person whose father is not a Jew but whose mother is a Jew would not be able to say the pasuk because the term ...


7

There are 4192 Mishnayos. Source: The back of the משניות set that's called משנה סדורה. See this online downloadable version.


7

Toldos Tanaim Vamoraim - page 286 says that there is no record of his death anywhere, however he outlived Hillel based on a Gemara in Bava Basra 133b.


6

First of all, as @msh210 noted, R' Shimon ben Nesanel cannot have said "someone who does not see the consequences of an action", because that is simply the absence of a good trait, but not necessarily a bad one. It would have been equivalent to if R' Eliezer had said "one who does not have a good eye." That said, the simplest way to understand R' Shimon's ...


6

The Shulchan Aruch records this Halacha unopposed in OC 110:8. The Mishna Berura there notes that the Ari would say this prayer every morning. He also notes the Rambam's opinion (commentary to Mishna Brachot 4:2) that these prayers are obligatory and says the the Elya Rabba and others all seem to rule like the Rambam. The Aruch HaShulchan (OC 110:16) notes ...


6

You're probably thinking of the story in tractate Semachos, one of the minor tractates וכשבאו רשב״ג ורבי ישמעאל גזרו עליהם שיהרגו והיה רבי ישמעאל בוכה ור״ש אמר אברך בשתי פסיעות אתה נתן בחיקם של צדיקים ואתה בוכה [א״ל (וכי) אני בוכה על שאנו נהרגין](אלא על שאנו נהרגים) כשופכי דמים וכמחללי שבתות אמר לו שטא בסעודה היה יושב וישן ובאה אשה לשאול על נדתה על ...


5

Tamid is, except for the very end, a story of how things used to be in the bes hamikdash. You can practically just read through it without commentary (though having a floor plan of the second bes hamikdash — usually published as an appendix to nearby maseches Midos — handy will help a good deal).


5

Rashi's shittah is to explicate the gemara - not to provide a stand-alone peirush on the Mishna. As such, you will find that his interpretation of any given mishna will vary depending on the context in which the gemara is quoting it. To give you an example, consider Shevi'it 4:10. There, the mishna asks and answers a question as follows: מאימתי אין ...


5

Look at the Haga'ot HaGRI"V 26 on the "Klalim B'Rashi", printed after the Mavo LaTalmud, at the end of Masechet Berachot. He says: ‫דרך רש״י בהרבה מקומות לפרש המשנה כס״ד דמקשן כדי להבין המשנה כס״ד טרם בואו אל המסקנא וזהו אך דרך‬ ‫רש״י לא כן שאר מפרשים תוי״ט פ״ב דפאה מ״ב‬ ‫ It is Rashi's way in many places to explain the Mishna according to the ...


5

Ramban (Shemos 28:30) writes that communicating with the Urim Vetumim is of a lower level of (clarity) than regular prophecy though of a higher level than a bat kol. Rambam (Moreh Nevuchim 2:42) explains that both Hagar and Monach could receive a revelation (/communication) from Hashem, yet they were not technically prophets. Rashi on Megillah 32a describes ...


5

I didn't find a good source for this information, so we (at Sefaria.org) analyzed our text, did some pattern recognition, corrected by hand, double checked, and came up with an authoritative mapping between the Mishnah and the Babylonian Talmud. Line numbers here refer to the segmentation in Sefaria's online Talmud.



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