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9

The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in סימן טו - דיני קדיש וברכו וצרוף עשרה says that as long as there are at least 6 people actually answering, you may say Kaddish, as long as there are 10 adult males above Bar Mitzva awake in the room - even if 1, 2, 3 or 4 of them are forbidden from answering kaddish at that moment. סעיף ז': אִם אֵין ט' שׁוֹמְעִין לְהַשְּׁלִיחַ ...


8

The Halacha is that you are not allowed to count people. But you could count noses, or shirts, or left shoes, or ... (source: Magen Avraham O.C. 156 - 4th wide line of right column here).


8

There are two relevant segments of the idea of chillul Hashem. One discussion is the discussion of when it necessitates giving up your life. That has one set of standards, laid out in Hilchos Yesodei HaTorah 5:1-4. The other is the chillul Hashem of degrading the impression of Hashem and His followers. This is discussed in Yesodei HaTorah 5:10-11. ...


7

It sounds like your minyan is misapplying the opinion of the Rambam. There are 4 opinions regarding reciting "Half Hallel". (Half Hallel is said on Rosh Chodesh (except Tishrei and Tevet) and the last 6 days of Pesach.) The disagreement is about Half Hallel; all agree to recite Whole Hallel with a bracha even with no minyan. Rambam: No Half Hallel is ...


6

According to My Rav Say Elokai Neshama, Bircat HaTorah, and Bircat HaShachar Say Baruch She'Amar, Ashrei, and Yishtabach If you can put on tallit and tefillin, and say just the above passages, in the time that it takes the rest of the minyan to say all of Psukei D'Zimra, then it's better to do so, in order to pray with a minyan. This is assuming that ...


4

The earlier answer gives Rambam's list of what's required, but I'll address what's customarily recited, as requested. All of it. The entire p'suke d'zimra as printed in the sidur is recited by someone praying even without a minyan in my experience (though sidurim and nuschaos vary).


4

I can't necessarily say what is customary, but I will say that if you are only going to say a portion, then you should say Barukh She'Amar, skip to Ashrei and say Psalms 145-50 and Yishtabach. This is all that is required, according to the Rambam: Hilkhot Tefila 7:12 יב. ושבחו חכמים למי שקורא זמירות מספר תהלים בכל יום ויום מתהלה לדוד עד סוף ...


3

Siman 52 in Shulchan Aruch is all about the Halachos of which parts of Pesukei D'zimra to skip if one comes late to shul. From the first Mishna Berura there it is apparent that the motivation for skipping parts of Pesukei D'zimra is in deference to the value of davening Shmone Esrei together with the rest of the congregation. Being that that is the case, I ...


3

Sam gave this source in a comment last year, but no-one ever came to post an answer, so i'll do that now... In Igrot Moshe OC 1:23, he paskens that בשעת הדחק - in an emergency, someone who is publicly Mechallel Shabbat can be counted for a minyan, to say Barchu, Kadish, and Kedusha. However, for Torah reading, it is more important to have 10 religious Jews. ...


2

As a matter of practice at the daily minyon at the military post where I worked, we would have to continue davening individually until Yishtabach and usually we would get a minyon by Borchu. If a minyon does not come, then we have to daven the rest individually and do not say Borchu, Chazoras Hashatz, read the Torah, or say kadish. We do all daven together ...


2

I attended a partnership minyan Friday night. This is something new in my city and the organizers are still working out details. Here is what I learned there. The group formed after a conference session about (maybe organized by) JOFA. Their intention is to follow the guidelines/precedents from that organization. The service I attended was a normal ...


2

In a Shul that I Davened there was such an issue and the Kohanim would go out prior to the beginning of the Chazaras Hashatz and have their hands washed and Chazaras Hashatz began when they came back into the Shul. I was once in a different community where they installed a sink in the back of the Bais Medrash as they had this problem too. From Din.org - ...


2

The mitzvah of reading from the Torah on Shabbos, YomTov and Mondays and Thursdays takes place during tefillah but is not dependent upon it. Certainly the preferable mode of reading from the Torah is during davening but the mitzvah lasts all day and when a minyan is available they should read from Torah. (Mishne Berurah 135:1, Shaar Hatziyun 3 and Aruch ...


2

שלחן ערוך ס"א:ג בִּקְרִיאַת שְׁמַע יֵשׁ רמ''ה תֵּבוֹת, וּכְדֵי לְהַשְׁלִים רמ''ח כְּנֶגֶד אֵיבָרָיו שֶׁל אָדָם, מְסַיֵּם שְׁלִיחַ צִבּוּר (ב) ה' אֱלֹקיכֶם אֱמֶת, וְחוֹזֵר וְאוֹמֵר בְּקוֹל רָם ה' אֱלֹהֵיכֶם אֱמֶת:‏ In shema there are 245 words, and in order to get to 248 words (corresponding to the number of bones in a human body), the ...


2

Significant authorities maintain that tefillah betzibbur [=prayer with a minyan] necessitates that there be ten people actually davening [=praying] together, not just ten people present. According to these posekim, if there are six people davening who are joined by another four who have already davened, the former may recite Kaddish and Kedushah, but they ...


1

See this article which related this question to the Atzeres Hatefila event. (I'm unfamiliar with what this event is or when it occurred. I just noticed the article as it relates to answering your question.) Excerpt: Prior to the event, the question was raised whether the bracha can be recited if unable to ascertain whether there truly are 600,000 in ...


1

The chillul Hashem to give up your live is chillul Hashem is not the regular chillul Hashem -- see below. By the 4th graders, if they might cause a real chillul Hashem (not just PR for the Jewish community) they should not go to the museum (see the end of the halacha "One who could, however, escape and flee from under the power of a wicked king and fails to ...


1

You asked: What if, during the hand-washing, less than ten people remain in the shul? Should the chazzan pause until they come back? The answer is: The Chazzan continues as usual. Source: The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in 15:10 gives the rules what to do when the Minyan disappears: אִם אֵין בְּבֵית הַכְּנֶסֶת רַק מִנְיָן מְצֻמְצָם, אָסוּר לְכָל אֶחָד ...


1

One source that is relevant to this issue is Rabbeinu Yonah haGerondi (13th c.) on the Rif, Berakhot 4a. There, he brings the opinion of the rabbonim of France that one need not leave one's place of learning in order to pray in a minyan: פירשו רבני צרפת ז״ל שאפ׳ בלא עשרה היו עושין כן מפני שיותר נכון להתפלל יחידי במקום ששם קביעות התורה יומם ולילה ...


1

Partnership minyanim give women aliyot or let them lein, based on the Gemara in megillah (stressing the "women can ..." part, but not the "...but they shouldn't" part.) They wait for ten women's presence because, well because it feels nicer that way. And they let a woman be chazan for any part that you could skip altogether if you were in a rush.


1

The Shaar Hatziyon (591:13) writes that if one is alone on Rosh Hashanah, one should try to daven at the same time as the tzibbur, and davening shacharis when they're doing mussaf isn't good enough. Perhaps one can derive from here that tefillah betzibur must involve the individual and the congregation reciting the same tefillah.



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