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9

The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in סימן טו - דיני קדיש וברכו וצרוף עשרה says that as long as there are at least 6 people actually answering, you may say Kaddish, as long as there are 10 adult males above Bar Mitzva awake in the room - even if 1, 2, 3 or 4 of them are forbidden from answering kaddish at that moment. סעיף ז': אִם אֵין ט' שׁוֹמְעִין לְהַשְּׁלִיחַ ...


8

The Halacha is that you are not allowed to count people. But you could count noses, or shirts, or left shoes, or ... (source: Magen Avraham O.C. 156 - 4th wide line of right column here).


8

There are two relevant segments of the idea of chillul Hashem. One discussion is the discussion of when it necessitates giving up your life. That has one set of standards, laid out in Hilchos Yesodei HaTorah 5:1-4. The other is the chillul Hashem of degrading the impression of Hashem and His followers. This is discussed in Yesodei HaTorah 5:10-11. ...


6

Seems that the answer is: Yes, one may do so a priori. See the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in סימן כו - דיני קדיש יתום: סעיף יד: מִי שֶׁיָּכוֹל וְרָאוּי לְהִתְפַּלֵּל לִפְנֵי הַתֵּבָה, יִתְפַּלֵּל, וּמוֹעִיל יוֹתֵר מִקַּדִּישׁ יָתוֹם, שֶׁלֹּא נִתְקַן אֶלָּא לַקְטַנִּים. וּמִי שֶׁאֵינוֹ יָכוֹל לְהִתְפַּלֵּל כָּל הַתְּפִלָּה, יִתְפַּלֵּל מִן אַשְׁרֵי וּבָא ...


4

The relevant Gemara here is on Megilla 23b. The Mishna there lists a number of things which require a Minyan. The Gemara explains that "all Devarim SheBikdusha" require a Minyan (based on some verses). It then gives reasons for requiring a Minyan in the last few instances of the Mishna (including Zimmun beShem and Birkat Chatanim), namely, that it isn't ...


3

The Shulchan Arukh (OC 192:2) rules that if the leader forgot to add Eloheinu and the others had yet to respond, then he should go back and say it again with Eloheinu. If they recited the entire Zimmun without Eloheinu they do not repeat the Zimmun. The Baeir Heitev (ibid. sk 5) notes that if the gathered responded with Eloheinu then the leader should ...


3

שלחן ערוך ס"א:ג בִּקְרִיאַת שְׁמַע יֵשׁ רמ''ה תֵּבוֹת, וּכְדֵי לְהַשְׁלִים רמ''ח כְּנֶגֶד אֵיבָרָיו שֶׁל אָדָם, מְסַיֵּם שְׁלִיחַ צִבּוּר (ב) ה' אֱלֹקיכֶם אֱמֶת, וְחוֹזֵר וְאוֹמֵר בְּקוֹל רָם ה' אֱלֹהֵיכֶם אֱמֶת:‏ In shema there are 245 words, and in order to get to 248 words (corresponding to the number of bones in a human body), the ...


3

Sam gave this source in a comment last year, but no-one ever came to post an answer, so i'll do that now... In Igrot Moshe OC 1:23, he paskens that בשעת הדחק - in an emergency, someone who is publicly Mechallel Shabbat can be counted for a minyan, to say Barchu, Kadish, and Kedusha. However, for Torah reading, it is more important to have 10 religious Jews. ...


2

In a Shul that I Davened there was such an issue and the Kohanim would go out prior to the beginning of the Chazaras Hashatz and have their hands washed and Chazaras Hashatz began when they came back into the Shul. I was once in a different community where they installed a sink in the back of the Bais Medrash as they had this problem too. From Din.org - ...


2

Significant authorities maintain that tefillah betzibbur [=prayer with a minyan] necessitates that there be ten people actually davening [=praying] together, not just ten people present. According to these posekim, if there are six people davening who are joined by another four who have already davened, the former may recite Kaddish and Kedushah, but they ...


2

The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in סימן כ - דין חזרת תפלת השליח צבור says you need at least 9 people answering Amen. סעיף ב': בַּחֲזָרַת תְפִלַּת הַשְּׁלִיחַ צִבּוּר, כֵּיוָן שֶׁהַשְּׁלִיחַ צִבּוּר כְּבָר הִתְפַּלֵּל בִּפְנֵי עַצְמוֹ בְּלַחַשׁ, וְאֵינוֹ חוֹזֵר אֵת הַתְּפִלָּה רַק בִּשְׁבִיל הַשּׁוֹמְעִים, לָכֵן צְרִיכִין שֶׁיִּהְיוּ דַּוְקָא תִּשְׁעָה ...


2

Harav Beari addresses this question here: He asks firstly whether it is dependent on the obligation to learn Torah, which is primarily a Mitzva for men (as opposed to children), etc. He quotes the 'Tzafnad Pa'aneach' who explains why children can make a Siyum, before questioning whether there may be a difference (as children may have more of an obligation). ...


2

The Gemoro Sukkah 51b speaks about the shul in Alexandria as follows: מי שלא ראה דיופלוסטון של אלכסנדריא של מצרים לא ראה בכבודן של ישראל אמרו כמין בסילקי גדולה היתה סטיו לפנים מסטיו פעמים שהיו בה (ששים רבוא על ששים רבוא) כפלים כיוצאי מצרים והיו בה ע"א קתדראות של זהב כנגד ע"א של סנהדרי גדולה כל אחת ואחת אינה פחותה מעשרים ואחד רבוא ככרי זהב ...


1

Shulchan Arukh, Orach Chayyim 124:4 says: כְּשֶׁשְּׁלִיחַ צִבּוּר חוֹזֵר הַתְּפִלָּה, הַקָּהָל יֵשׁ לָהֶם לִשְׁתֹּק וּלְכַוֵּן לַבְּרָכוֹת שֶׁמְּבָרֵךְ הַחַזָּן וְלַעֲנוֹת אָמֵן; וְאִם אֵין ט' מְכַוְּנִים לְבִרְכוֹתָיו, קָרוֹב לִהְיוֹת בִּרְכוֹתָיו לְבַטָּלָה; לָכֵן כָּל אָדָם יַעֲשֶׂה עַצְמוֹ כְּאִלּוּ אֵין ט' זוּלָתוֹ, וִיכַוֵּן לְבִרְכַּת ...


1

You are correct. Tefillah with a minyan refers specifically to the Amidah. Of course, there are many other benefits of praying everything with a minyan, being able to answer Amen and respond to Kaddish.


1

The chillul Hashem to give up your live is chillul Hashem is not the regular chillul Hashem -- see below. By the 4th graders, if they might cause a real chillul Hashem (not just PR for the Jewish community) they should not go to the museum (see the end of the halacha "One who could, however, escape and flee from under the power of a wicked king and fails to ...


1

tThe Minyan has no halachik authority to block a public place for anybody. The mispallelim are out of their rights, and cannot compel others to walk around. (heard from R' Elyashiv, Zt"l)


1

A sleeping person can count to make a Minyan according to most opinions (ShA OC 55:6 with commentaries). It seems from the reasons of the dissenters that even they would agree in your case to count them for a Minyan. What you would utilize such a Minyan for is a separate issue, as some things don't just need the presence of a Minyan but even the active ...


1

The Mishna (megillah 23b) there lists a number of things which require 10 men, and includes saying God's name in the zimun for birkas hamazon. The Gemara then goes on to explain the reason for everything on the list: all "Devarim SheBikdusha" require a minyan (based on some verses), and, in the last few instances, (including Zimmun beShem and Birkat ...


1

You may want to study - in depth - the Tosafos in Chagiga 9b which has an analysis of the status of Maariv as a Reshut, nowadays. או תפלה של ערבית. אתיא כמאן דאמר "תפלת ערבית חובה". ואפילו למאן דאמר "רשות", בחנם אין לנו לבטלה אם לא ע''י אונס קצת, וכן משמע ההיא דתפלת השחר (ברכות דף כו.) "שכח ולא התפלל ערבית מתפלל שחרית שתים" וכן (שם דף ל:) "אם שכח ולא ...


1

Tefillo K'hilchoso 13 (27) says (my translation) Ideally (lechatchilo) one should not start the repetition of the amidah with less than 9 excluding the prayer leader (from the expression in Sh O 124 (1)), because if there are not 9 listening the blessings of the prayer leader are close to being in vain (levatolo). But there are those who are ...


1

See this article which related this question to the Atzeres Hatefila event. (I'm unfamiliar with what this event is or when it occurred. I just noticed the article as it relates to answering your question.) Excerpt: Prior to the event, the question was raised whether the bracha can be recited if unable to ascertain whether there truly are 600,000 in ...


1

You asked: What if, during the hand-washing, less than ten people remain in the shul? Should the chazzan pause until they come back? The answer is: The Chazzan continues as usual. Source: The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in 15:10 gives the rules what to do when the Minyan disappears: אִם אֵין בְּבֵית הַכְּנֶסֶת רַק מִנְיָן מְצֻמְצָם, אָסוּר לְכָל אֶחָד ...


1

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