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11

OC 101 (2) and MB s.k.5 and especially 6. MB: One reason not to raise the voice is not to disturb others. Other reasons are to be like the prayer of Channa; to avoid being one of those of little faith who do not believe that HaShem hears prayers uttered quietly and to avoid being like the false prophets who cry out loud to false gods. But the important ...


11

I think it's the case where a non-Jew is trying to force a Jew to violate any mitzvah (or even any established Jewish custom) out of opposition to Judaism (rather than for some personal benefit). If ten Jews - and if I recall correctly, women are included - know about the situation, then as part of the mitzvah of kiddush Hashem, the Jew has to allow himself ...


11

If appearing at the minyan without hat would disturb the other people (or their standard practice), then you have a question. Otherwise (e.g. most people at shul don't wear hats), this should be straightforward; daven with the minyan. Shulchan Aruch says "one should strive very much [yishtadel me'od] to daven with a minyan." You won't find anything about ...


11

I have seen some shuls that actually have people sign a formalized contract not to talk during davening and then post that near the entrance to the shul. I think that whatever the approach, the most successful way would be to get wide-spread buy in from everyone first. Any approach that singles people out, even with halachic basis, will have a hard time ...


11

I once visited the Kemp Mill Synagogue and IF I REMEMBER CORRECTLY this was the deal they had made: the congregartion agreed not to talk at all during services, and in return the Rabbi agreed to give his sermon after all the prayers had ended (ie after mussaf), thus allowing for those who did not want to stay for the sermon to leave. The vast majority of ...


10

There are places that count women to make the minyan; that's a different issue. Aaron's notion of "minyan kavua" sounds familiar; Rabbi Y. H. Henkin has an essay on the topic, if I recall: http://www.amazon.com/Responsa-Contemporary-Jewish-Womens-Issues/dp/0881257826/ref=sr_1_3?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1260672749&sr=8-3 UPDATED: Hat tip to R' Yahu ...


10

My understanding has been that a Mechitza is only required for a minyan Kavuah (a minyan that meets regularly at established times and place) While we continue to separate at private irregular minyam from custom and perhaps Tzniut, I don't think the lack of separation would prohibit participating in the Tefillah. In my personal opinion (and you should ask ...


9

Sefer Ishei Yisrael (the counterpart to Shemirat Shabbat Kehalichata on tefila) on page 273 deals with this issue. In the main text the instruction is that if one has already started the the vidui   or "El Erech Apayim" it is considered that he has started the yud gimmel midot and can continue as usual. In the footnote however a machloket ...


7

Say Ashrei and continue Lecha Hashem haTzedaka. If a Minyan comes during those points, Chatzi Kaddish is said provided some pesukim were said while the minyan was there. Mateh Efraim 581:17, Elef Lemateh. It is somewhat mashma that when the pesukim end and the main selichos start, you wouldn't say chatzi kaddish. If a minyan didn't come until the end, ...


6

Per the Shaalos U'tshuvos Tzitz Eliezer Chelek 12 Siman 48 the whole Takana of blowing Shofar was only when it is done Btzibur. He gives 2 reasons. 1: The reason we blow Shofar starting Rosh Chodesh Elul, is since when Moshe Rabeinu went up on the mountain on Rosh Chodesh Elul the Posuk says "He'eviru Shofar B'Machane" - and Machane means B'tzibur and not ...


6

The opinion of the Shulchan Aruch, Orah Haim, Siman 124, S'if 4 is that 9 men answering is required, but the Mishnah Berurah (S'if Katan 19) brings down from Magen Avraham and the Maharil (Ashkenazic authorities) that the common custom is to use even those who are not listening to complete the minyan (which would mean 6 listening and 3 not listening). The ...


6

Are you obligated to stay for the next minyan's Torah reading? According to the Rama (OC 55:2), if you are not the tenth man in their minyan, you are allowed to leave. What if you're the tenth man in their minyan? The Mishna Berura (there, #12) writes that even if you are the tenth man, you only have to stay to the end of that particular section of ...


6

I haven't seen it inside, but: "One may not count one who denies the truth of Torah Sh'baal Peh - aka The Oral Torah (and certainly one who denies The Written Torah received at Sinai via Moshe Rabbeinu) towards a minyan. [One may not count Conservative or Reform Jews towards a minyan.] Shulchan Aruch w/Mishnah Berurah 55:11, Piskei Tshuvos 55:21" See ...


6

From an article by Dayan Raskin, in a footnote by Rav Yosef S. Ginsburg (the Rav of the town of Omer), Footnote 18: העירוני, שהרבי הקפיד תמיד לומר י"ג מידות בעמידה מבלי להיסמך על איזה דבר. ולכן הצליחו לראות פעמים רבות (וכן נראה בווידיאו) שכאשר הש"ץ מיהר, ובאומרו י"ג מידות עמד הרבי עדיין ב"א-ל מלך", לא אמר הרבי י"ג מידות עם הציבור ממש, אלא אמרם לעצמו כאשר ...


6

this is from the wikipedia page: the talmudic requirement for ten people to be present when certain prayers are recited is sourced from the logical inference detailed in (BT Megillah 23b). The biblical text in Lev 22:32 uses the word "midst" when referring to how (in what context) God is to be sanctified and Num 16:21 uses the same word "midst" but says ...


5

Tefilo Kehilchoso 4 (14) says in the name of the Igros Moshe OC 3 (89) that one may not publicly conduct oneself in a way different to the custom of congregation in which he is praying. See also the accepted (green ticked) answer to this question and apply the same principle here: "Generally a good idea would be not to do anything that actively shows ...


5

I just found this answer: The mitzvah of reading the Megillah applies to both men and women. Optimally, the reading should be done in the presence of a minyan (a quorum of ten men), in the synagogue. Even if one has a minyan in his home, it is still preferable to go to the synagogue for the Megillah reading since, as the verse says (Proverbs, 14:28):"The ...


5

Michael Sandler, you have 2 questions: Do 10 have to hear kadish? (No) Do 10 have to say Amen to kadish? (No) (OK, maybe that progression should have been the other way around.) A "davar shebekedusha" is a matter that requires a special presence of G-d (from the pasuk of Hashem nitzav ba'adas e-l we learn that this is 10 adult men). Once Hashem's ...


5

Be-rov am, hadras melech. When many of the people get together, that provides glory for the King. ("Rov" sometimes means "most of", but can also simply mean "many." "Rov banav v'kinyanav al ha'etz talisa" -- Haman's many (not "most of") sons were hung. IIRC it's the mishna brurah who in fact recommends those who daven shachris on Shabbos in small minyanim ...


5

Clearly, one of them would have to lead. The choice minhag not to have a mourner lead the tefillah on Shabbat or Yom tov is a matter of who is preferred to take the post (because of the honor of the tzibbur), not an absolute disqualification.


5

The Shach (YD 376 sk 14) rules that if there is no one who is as qualified to lead, the mourner may lead even on Shabbat. If no one else is even there, I presume the mourner is the most qualified.


5

There are three aspects to your question: Where do we learn that it is necessary to pray in a minyan ("quorum")? How do we know that the number of people in a minyan is ten? From where do we derive the features of these people (age, gender, etc)? To take these questions in order, the oldest source that testifies to the requirement for praying in a quorum ...


5

Rabbi Eliezer Melamed says that one who prays in an area where the other congregants can not see him, however it is Tafel to the main Shul is considered as if he Davened with a Minyan, however he can only be counted in the Minyan if he is seen by the other congregants. אבל אם תשעה בבית הכנסת ואחד מחוץ לבית הכנסת או בחדר הסמוך לבית הכנסת – אינם מצטרפים ...


4

http://www.minyanman.co.za/ is a Minyan management tool. Minyan Manager is a community service to help people manage business minyanim. We know how useful it is having a mincha minyan at work but how time consuming it is to manage it, as well as how frustrating when people come and yet a minyan is not present. We hope this will reduce the ...


4

We actually don't have a huge ton of halachic literature about the status of a Golem (though there is the responsum about counting it for a minyan, as Gershon referenced), so questions about robots will probably be handled one at a time. But read on: Talmud Sanhedrin 65b רבא ברא גברא שדריה לקמיה דר' זירא הוה קא משתעי בהדיה ולא הוה קא מהדר ליה אמר ליה מן ...


4

Mourners' kaddish is said after any public recitation of Tanakh (and its close cousin, Rabbis' kaddish, said after public study of Talmud or other Oral Law). While most yeshivas don't conclude a daily lecture with kaddish, I'm told it's not unheard of. So as long as there are still ten men around, he should recite a short chapter of Psalms out-loud or the ...


4

The previous answer only applies to minyan being read bezmanah (at its proper time). The first mishna in masechet megillah outlines cases where one can read the megillah before the 14th of Adar. Most of these cases do not apply today, but if they did, one would be required to hear with a minyan (see Rambam Megillah 1:7 based on Bavli Megillah 5a). ...


4

The sefer meishiv nivonim OC siman 13 answers a question about if one could go to kivrei tzadikkim in poland if one knows there won't be a minyan there. He comes out one should not do it but he gets there with many mekors for it. Some sources: Tur siman 89,Minchas Yitzchak 7 siman 6,Igros Moshe OC 2:27,Shulchan Aruch Harav siman 17, Eretz Tzvi siman 22,Yad ...


4

Rabbi Yaakov Robinson from Chicago gave a shiur on the topic of breakaway minyanim. You can listen to the shiur here. He specifically mentions that he is not discussing the topic of home minyanim (which he says has its own issues), but rather, he is discussing creating a new shul. Here is my summary of the shiur: The RIVaSh, one of the rishonim, says that ...


4

The Rambam writes (Tefillah 6:1) תפלת הציבור נשמעת תמיד ואפילו היו בהן חוטאים אין הקדוש ברוך הוא מואס בתפלתן של רבים, לפיכך צריך אדם לשתף עצמו עם הציבור, ולא יתפלל ביחיד כל זמן שיכול להתפלל עם הציבור The prayer of the community is always heard, even if there were sinners among them, for God refuses to reject the prayer of many. Therefore one should ...



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