Hot answers tagged minhag
A calendar is important for the dead - this way the living can figure out when their Yarzheit is, and say Kaddish and learn as a Zechus for the Neshama.
The Vilna Gaon taught that Yom Kippur is called Yom Kippurim - a day "like Purim" (See http://www.aish.com/h/pur/t/dt/48949286.html). Clearly Purim is at least as Holy of a day as Yom Kippur if not Holier because Yom Kippur is a day which is only "like Purim". Perhaps this person in shul misunderstood the Vilna Gaon to mean that one should dress up on Yom ...
Minhagei Lita (Customs of Lithuanian Jewry) by Rabbi Menachem Mendel Poliakoff.
There are two answers to this question both found in Shulchan Aruch Yoreh Deah 157 seen here. First, see the Ramma who says that the type decree which necessitates giving up one's life is only a decree leveled against jews alone, עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל לְבַדָּם, not a decree which includes other people as well, as Shach #6 there explains. And as wiki says: ...
This priority is given in the Yerushalmi Sukkah 4:1: ר' סימון מפקד לאילין דמחשבין יהבון דעתכון דלא תעבדין לא תקיעתה בשבת ולא ערבתא בשבתא ואין אדחקון עבדון תקיעתה ולא תעבדון ערבתא R' Simon ordered those who calculate [the calendar rules], "See to it that you don't let the blowing of the Shofar be on Shabbos, or the [beating of the] Arava on Shabbos. ...
An Alsatian associate told me that the custom of Alsatian Jews is to perform kapparot with a fish.
I am a Lubavitcher Chassisd myself that learns in a Lithuanian yeshiva. Before Sukkos one year, during a Halacha class, my rebbe was speaking about this topic of sleeping in the sukkah, and I mentioned that in Chabad they don't sleep in the Sukkah because its too holy. He got really angry at that and said "Well we follow like the Shulchan Aruch" and then ...
Luach Dvar B'Itoh According to the Luach Dvar B'Itoh it's a Chassidish Minhag to blow after each round of the 7 Hakafot on Hoshana Rabba. His sources it from the Shloh HaKadosh, and other sources that I can't decipher unambiguously, if at all. מנ' ק"ק חס' לתקוע תשר"ת (ולמ"צ: תשר"ת תש"ת תר"ת. מ 365 ) בין "הושענא" ל"הושענא" (ומקורו בסדה"י ובשלה"ק. ...
According to the Wikipedia article on the topic, apparently citing The JPS Guide to Jewish Traditions by Ronald Eisenberg: This practice can be traced back to at least the eighth century, and possibly as far back as Talmudic times.
The earliest source I could find is the באר היטב in Shulchan Aruch סימן נד - דינים השיכים לישתבח where he says in the name of the Magen Avraham: ב) ליוצר. בכתבים כתוב לומר ביו''ד ימי תשובה מזמור ממעמקים קראתיך ה' בין ישתבח ליוצר וצ''ע. מ''א "The custom brought in the בכתבים is to say the Tehillim of ממעמקים between Yishtabach and Yotzer - and ...
A search online shows that funeral homes' giving out calendars is not a Jewish thing. (And the question of why funeral homes in general give out calendars is off-topic on this site.)
It is a custom of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews globally. I just came from hearing it at Cong. Shearith Israel a few hours ago! The best source is probably the Keter Shem Tov of Shem Tov Guaguine. While the custom is quite old I have not been able to trace its source.
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