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9

wikipedia: A yad (Hebrew: יד‎) (Yiddish: האַנט), literally, "hand," is a Jewish ritual pointer, popularly known as a Torah pointer, used by the reader to follow the text during the Torah reading from the parchment Torah scrolls. Beyond its practical usage, the yad ensures that the parchment is not touched during the reading. There are several ...


8

Nitei Gavriel Yom Kippur 16:9 says the Minhag is to eat round Challas dipped in honey. 16:10:15 brings in the name of the Magen Avraham 608:7 to eat fish and fowl. (some eat the Kapara chicken at this meal). In the name of Rabbi Shalom Ber of Lubavitch Zatzal, not to eat salt. Also to eat Kreplach (meat dumplings). 16:14 Not to eat things that increase ...


6

From my experience as a kosher Chef. This is quite an endeavour but not impossible. One lambs head will not provide much meat but enough for all to taste. Here is one with usage of Moroccan spices/ Sephardic flavours which go nicely with lamb and garnished with glazed apples appropriate for the holiday. For the head; 1 whole lambs head brain removed.( note ...


6

Rabbi Dr. Immanual Shochat's introduction to his translation of Slichos (page xii) places the first text of Slichos to Rav Amram Gaon. Wikipedia contends that the slichos part is of later vintage, but brings no evidence for the assertion (that the entire thing is whole cloth of later vintage, rather than interpolation of later slichos into what Rav Amram ...


6

See here: Siddur Admur [omitted in Shulchan Aruch]; Shaar Hakavanos 190; Peri Eitz Chaim Shaar R”H 7; Kaf Hachaim 582/15; M”E 582/1 and 22 The reason: The Gematria of Hashalom is the same as Safriel Hamalach which is the angel which writes the Jews in the book of life during Aseres Yimei Teshuvah. [Peri Eitz Chaim ibid brought in Kaf Hachaim ...


6

The Yerushalmi Sukka 15b halacha 8 seems to be the source for shaking three times : דף טו,ב פרק ג הלכה ח גמרא הא בהודו לא. להוציא אף באנא ה' הצליחה נא. רב חייה בר אשי בשם רב זה שהוא משכים לצאת לדרך נוטל לולב ומנענע. שופר ותוקע. לכשתגיע עונות קריאת שמע ה"ז קורא את שמע ומתפלל. תני צריך לנענע ג' פעמים ר' זעירה בעי הכין חד והכין חד. או הכין והכין חד. ...


5

First, read up on the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. It is very interesting and plays a big role in Jewish historiy, especially vis a vis the Russians. ליטא is Lithuania and most likely corresponds to the part south of the grey area on this map. (Polish borders were extremely dynamic) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rzeczpospolita2nar.png The two ...


5

There seems to be no known source for feeding the fish at Tashlich. As already noted, those who mention it then to be opposed to it. But the fact is that it is mentioned - and its origins seem to be almost as old as the Minhag of Tashlich. Regarding feeding the fish at Tashlich we could learn from the Aruch HaShulchan's opinion regarding feeding the birds ...


4

In the seffer haminhagim of the Maharil, the source of tashlich quoted in the Ramma end of siman 583, he mentions in hilchos Rosh Hashana ois 9 when going to tashlich on Rosh Hashana to be carefull not to take food along so as not to feed the fish, which people would do for fun while they were there. It has been proposed that this seemingly innocent act of ...


4

To answer the first question: yes. Because of 'sfeika deyoma', one should sit in the sukkah even on Shemini Atzeres just as one would on the other days of Sukkos. The Gemara Sukkah 47a (as we have it) concludes this way, and says that we should sit in the Sukkah, but not make a bracha. (The reasons for this, as I understand it, is either because it might be ...


4

The very influential and authoritative Ashkenazi Siddur Sfat Emet and its associated machzorim and chumash include references to two distinct major minhagim corresponding to the ones specified by ArtScroll: Polnischer Ritus (Polish rites) = נוסח פולין גדל וליטא and מנהג פולין Deutscher Ritus (German rites) = נוסח אשכנז, פיהם, ופולין קטן and מנהג ליטא and ...


4

Some Ashkenazim have the custom to eat Kreplach.


4

A translation of Tehilim 130 shows that it is talking about Hashem forgiving our sins, making this an appropriate chapter for this time of the year.


3

As indicated by msh210, it is a common custom on Simchas Torah to turn the Sefer Torah outwards when doing Hagbah after reading V'zos habrachah. Some Ashkenazim do it both by night and by day, some only in the morning, and some not at all.1 As for the reasons:2 Pirkei Avos 5:26: "Turn the Torah over and over for everything is in it." A symbol of turning ...


3

Qitzur Shulhhan Arukh, Yalqut Yosef (Orahh Hayim 664:9) states (my translation): על פי דברי רבותינו המקובלים חובטים את בדי הערבה בקרקע עולם, ולא על רצפה. והטעם מבואר בתשובת הגאונים, על פי מה שאמרו במדרש לקח טוב, לולב דומה לשדרו של אדם, הדס דומה לעינים, ערבה דומה לפה, והאתרוג דומה ללב. ובהיות שעד יום הושענא רבה, ישראל מרבים במצוות, ואם היה בא השטן לקטרג ...


3

In my (limited) experience, this is a fairly common thing. Rabbis often meet many different people in the course of their work, and person A might be a woman who has been looking for a match, while person B might be a man looking for a match. Many derivatives of this exist, such as "person A has brother/sister looking for a match," etc. In this case, ...


3

Siddur Hagaonim Vhamikubalim - page 55 gives the following reasons regarding the end of the Amida. A: Mateh Moshe 795 - Since this is a time of judgement, and there is no judgement in charity and no charity in judgement the regular Nusach is inappropriate. However by saying Oseh HaShalom we are saying that the place of judgement is peaceful as the verse in ...


3

Nitei Gavriel Yom Kippur 10:4 says that it can be done consecutively.


3

Qitzur Shulhhan Arukh, Yalqut Yosef (Orahh Hayim 604:3) states: לכתחלה צריך לקבוע בערב יום הכפורים לפחות סעודה אחת על הפת, לקיים בזה מצות אכילה בערב יום הכפורים Ideally, one should have at least one bread-based meal on 'Erev Yom HaKippurim


3

Refer to Keter Shem Tob, by Rabbi Shem-Tob Gaguine (1884-1953). The Spanish-Portuguese are not "original" Sephardim. Spanish-Portuguese Jews are descended from those who lived in Spain/Portugal until the 1600's, when they were able to travel abroad (to Amsterdam, for example) and were able to live as Jews. Since they had little Jewish knowledge they ...


3

The Gemara in Chagiga 16a mentions not staring at a rainbow (for too long). It represents (is similar to?) the glory of Hashem and (along with not staring at the king) is considered disrespectful to enjoy the view. כל שלא חס על כבוד קונו רתוי לו שלא בא לעולם: מאי היא ר' אבא אמר זה המסתכל בקשת רב יוסף אמר זה העובר עבירה בסתר מסתכל בקשת דכתיב {יחזקאל א-כח} ...


2

Whatever it is that would cause a fetus to die or grow sickly, whether it is the sins of the parents or a gezeira or nature roulette, which is 'hanging over the head' of this fetus, will be effected by the kaparos which will draw that away into the chicken. http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=50519&st=&pgnum=241


2

I once heard, but I don't recall where, that there is another possible reason to say it even if you didn't have a bad dream - part of the Ribbono Shel Olam mentions dreams that others have had about you, which you will most likely not be aware of.


2

My Artscroll Machzor has this to say on the Seudah Hamafsekes: Immediately after the Minchah services, one should begin the seudah hamafsekes, the festive last meal before the fast. At this meal the challah is dipped into honey (as it is at the Rosh Hashanah meals). Strong wine and other intoxicating beverages should not be taken at the meal. ...


2

During Simchas Torah we have the minhag of giving everybody an aliyah. Most shuls will call up boys under bar mitzvah who are old enough to know what thay are doing/ The final aliyah is considered a zechus because the person says the bracha with all of the children around him to show that they too are included in the mitzvah. By this, I mean that he is ...


2

From what i understand, it is for the same reason that there's no tachanun during Nisan. (See Tachnun in Nissan) There, once we aren't saying tachanun during most of the month (first because of the Nesiyim, then Pesach), we don't say for the rest. Here to, once we have skipped tachanun for most of the month, we don't say it for the rest of the month. First ...


1

One should endeavor to arrange that a bar-mitzvah should be called to the Reading of the Torah for his first aliyah on a Monday or Thursday morning, or at Minchah on Shabbos. -Taken From Sefer HaMinhagim English translation p. 173 (footnote:A directive of the Alter Rebbe; see Likkutei Dibburim, Vol. II, p. 533 [and in English translation: Vol. II, ch. ...


1

HaRav Hayim Wital, in his Peri Etz Hayim (Sha'ar HaLulav, Pereq Gimel) in the name of his teacher HaAR"I Z"L, explains (my translation): לכן אנו מנענעים בכל יום, לכל רוחות, להמשיך אור מכל הבחי' שבו. ובהלל אנו מנענעין בארבע מקומות - בהודו לי"י פעם אחד, שלושה נענועים לכל רוח, לכל ששה רוחות, הרי ח"י נענועים. [...] ובאנא י"י הושיעה, ב' פעמים, שכופלין אותו. ...


1

Kreplach in soup. They are dough stuffed with meat for those who don't know. Not sure why it is eaten though, but I've heard this practice from enough people to call it a custom.


1

Pri Megadim, Orach Chaim siman 9: stripes are to remind us of the techelet.



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