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14

Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch, in responsa Shemesh Marpeh, was asked regarding an influx of Eastern-European Jews to Frankfurt whose men had the custom to use the mikvah. He ruled that their custom was a wonderful thing, but if it caused one woman to not use the mikvah, it wasn't worth it. This was cited by Rabbi Moshe Feinstein regarding what appears to have ...


13

The Gemara in Megilla 6a says Rebbi Yehuda Hanasi went to the bath house on 17 Tammuz. The Shulchan Aruch OC 550:2 rules that bathing is permitted on the 'minor' fasts and is only forbidden on Tisha B'av and Yom Kippur. The Mishna Brura there (sk 6) says that a meticulous person ("baal nefesh") should be stringent on all the 5 afflictions of tisha b'av ...


13

Masturbation per se does not change one's halachik status at all, although it does generate an obligation to repent. Ezra originally established that a man who is impure from any seminal emmision (not just masturbatory) cannot say shema, pray or say other blessings until he has gone to the mikva. However this decree was later rescended, and the law and the ...


11

From the Shiurim of Rav Baruch Gigi of Yeshivat Har Etzion The Rashba (Torat Ha-bayit Ha-katzar 32b) wrote in a similar vein about a woman who dyed her hair: "It [the coloring] is now part of the hair, like dye is part of a colored garment. Dye is not considered a separate thing that is a chatzitza, but part of the garment itself that does not ...


11

Tough question. I know a lot of nerves can be frazzled by this one. In Temple times, when ritual purity affected all sorts of aspects of daily life, this might be a different question; but today, women's regular use of mikva is only to end the status of nida. On the one hand, the woman would like to increase her religious observance (a wonderful thing), ...


10

They aren't all built near the ground - for example the mens mikvah where I live is on the second floor. However they frequently build them on the ground simply because water is extremely heavy, and building it higher up requires special building reinforcement - the building would basically have to be built specifically to be a mikvah, and could not be ...


10

Rabbi Isaac ben Sheshet was asked (Responsum 425) why no rabbinic edict requiring unmarried women to regularly purify themselves in the Mivka was ever enacted in order to minimize the transgressions of those who engage in extra-marital sexual contact. (I note the whole basis of the question is that in the days when women regularly or even semi-regularly were ...


9

Actually the order for a convert is: first have circumcision, then wait for that to heal, then immerse in the mikvah. The immersion is what finalizes the conversion. The law of "a convert upon conversion is like a newborn" is limited to certain laws, primarily that Torah law regards the convert as no longer related to their prior relatives.


8

Afraid your friend got it horribly, horribly wrong. There are modesty reasons why you wouldn't want women immersing (so they can be with their husbands) running into random men; but for that reason, you simply say "mikvah is open to men during the following hours, women the following hours." I know of many mikvahs (or mikvaot) today that still have this ...


8

Shulchan Arukh, Yoreh Deah 268:12 ‏...ואפילו חזר ועבד עבודת כוכבים – הרי הוא כישראל מומר שקידושיו קידושין.‏ ישראל מומר שעשה תשובה – אינו צריך לטבול. רק מדרבנן יש לו לטבול ולקבל עליו דברי חבירות בפני שלושה ...even if the convert returned to worshiping idols -- he is still a Jew such that his marriage proposals are binding. An apostate Jew ...


7

Another possibility might just be to use a local pond or lake. (Rivers or streams are a possibility too, but there are more halachic issues with those, involving issues of how much groundwater vs. rainwater they contain.) Those generally aren't usable for human mikvaos because of the lack of privacy, but that wouldn't apply to dishes.


7

There is a story of a great Rav (no official source) who would shower after the mikvah. When asked about his custom he answered: Before going into the mikvah I shower because of the mitzvah "ואהבת לרעך". When coming out I shower because of "כמוך".


7

The source for this is Shabbos 14a and Yorah Deah 201:75 Rama. http://www.dailyhalacha.com/displayRead.asp?readID=1814 As in many Halachos there is a Machlokes. In summary according to the custom of the Ashkenazim, a woman should not bathe or shower after immersing in the Mikveh. Sepharadim, however, do not follow this custom, and thus ...


7

In general, one's status does not change, and one should not feel that one is prohibited from learning or davening. That said, it is important to take steps to rectify this very serious sin. Aside from the necessary steps for teshuva regardless of the sin, one should go to the mikvah as soon as possible - if one is not available, a shower will do - and ...


7

Likely you are thinking about the Ramban's conclusion to his Hilchot Niddah (9:25): ומדיני החציצה לא טוב היות האדם מחמיר יותר מדאי ומחפש אחר הספיקות לפסול טבילתה בדבר הקל, כי אם כן אין לדבר סוף, אלא אחר שחפפה ראשה וסרקה במסרק וחפפה ורחצה כל גופה בחמין ונזהרה לבלתי תגע בשום דבר חוצץ ותעשה טבילתה בפשיטות איבריה וכל גופה, לא יכניס אדם ראשו בספיקות החמורות ...


7

Welcome to judaism.stackexchange.com! I apologize if this is confusing, but often there's some difference between what you'll get if you just open up and read a Bible, compared with the standard practices observed by Jews today. Many of the Biblical laws of impurity aren't really of concern to us in our normal daily lives as we're not planning on entering ...


6

Shulchan Aruch Y"D 198:17- צבע שצובעות הנשים על פניהן וידיהן ושער ראשן, אינו חוצץ. (My translation) "Color that women use to color on their faces, hands, and hair of their heads, is not chotzetz." Maran doesn't seem to object to the practice of women coloring their hair; i doubt he would have written dinnim about it if it was assur.


6

Do these dishes really belong to the kosher caterer? (If after one use they're handed over to the airline, then I would assume not - unless indeed they have an arrangement where the airline compensates the caterer for them.) If not, then this would be like the case of a Jew borrowing a utensil from a non-Jew, where it doesn't require tevilah (Shulchan Aruch, ...


6

Rambam writes in his preface to his Commentary on the Mishnah that one who rejects "minhagei Yisrael" - customs that are considered valid and universal in Torah Judaism, on him the verse is applied "One who knocks down a fence will be bit by a snake." (Definitely something bad!) That being said, the custom to dip in the mikvah on erev Yom HaKippurim is ...


6

The standard design for a contemporary mikva has it fed by a system of gutters that channel rainwater directly into the mikva, without any elbows or other feature that could temporarily "hold" the water. I'd figure this design would be simplified with a ground-level mikva.


6

As Ephraim already mentioned, HaRav Menashe Klein discusses this in משנה הלכות חלק ב. He brings a Chazon Ish in חידושי חזו"א מקואות תנינא סי' יו"ד ס"ק י"א which talks about using condensed steam for a Mikva. The Chazon Ish says it should have the same status as melted ice and it definitely doesn't make the Mikve Pasul, even if the condensation dripped in ...


6

See this similar answer from yoatzot.org. While certainly someone is looking for an experience to mark a change from the past, we generally frown upon having single women use the mikvah, though there are different customs about the day before Rosh Hashanah or Yom Kippur. So if your community lets women go to the mikvah then (many Lubavitch communities have ...


6

The custom for women to trim their nails before going to the Mikva is recorded in Shulchan Arukh YD 198:18 but the reason given is related to avoiding dirt under the nail in the part of the nail which extends past the flesh. The Levush (ibid :18) there asks why this is not practiced by Netillat Yadayim. He gives two answers: Men are not so particular about ...


5

CYLOR regarding following R' Dovid Miller's instructions. If I remember correcty, he allows the use of tap water through a rubber connection. Nowadays, most do not rely on this, but may be lenient for rabbinic or keli use.


5

The amount isn't 40 sa'ah, it's only 9 kav. From an IDF Q&A distributed by ShemaYisrael: Q. How can a soldier who is on duty fulfill the custom of immersion in a mikveh on Erev Yom Kippur? A. ... The poskim write, however, that one who finds immersion difficult can rely on fulfilling his obligation by pouring 9 kavim of water on himself ...


5

Don't know if this is the first one, but: In the earliest days, the women of Shearith Israel made use of a natural spring near the synagogue for these ritual purposes. By 1759 Shearith Israel built a mikvah on its grounds, adjacent to the Mill Street synagogue. (http://thehistorybox.com/ny_city/nycity_jewish_family_home_pt_II_article1298.htm) ...


5

Just to add to Gershon's point: there's a serious problem for a man to dye his turning-grey-or-white hairs black, as it's "feminine practice." Implying that it was normal for women to dye their hair!


5

Granted it is a recent source, but: Q: After men immerse in the Mikveh, should the water be changed for the women? A: Yes. It bothers them. In essence, it is the women's Mikveh. It is permissible for men to use it only if it does not bother the women. Found here.


5

The gemoro in Pesachim 51A says that father, father-in-law, stepfather and brother-in-law (sister's husband) are forbidden, and that there are those who are machmir on brothers as well. According to Rashi the issue is that it would lead one to impure thoughts, to see the place from where he or his wife were produced, or thoughts about his brother-in-law and ...



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