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15

Actually, Miketz does not always fall out on Chanukah. It appears that whoever told me that was mistaken. :) I ran some code (using my JavaScript Hebcal API) and discovered that in the 100 years from 5700-5800, Miketz is not on Chanukah 10 times. In 5703, 5706, 5710, 5730, 5733, 5737, 5757, 5761, 5781, and 5784, Miketz fell out on the 4th of Tevet, just ...


13

Chizkuni asks this and offers two answers: The reason the Egyptians were circumcised was because of the hunger of the famine. Yosef however was rich and therefore the only reason he would circumcise himself would be if he was Jewish. Although all the Egyptians were in fact circumcised, the brothers were not aware of this this and would recognize Yosef on ...


12

It had been decades (22 years, IIRC) since they had last seen him. When they had last seen him, he had been a teenager, and now he was an adult. Peoples' appearances and mannerisms change over time. Yosef, in his position of power, dressed and acted like an Egyptian, and not like a Hebrew. (As noted by the mefarshim, different clothes, hairstyles, ...


9

Seder Hadoros puts the births of both of them in the same year (2233), and also cites Nesiv Hayashar quoting Birkas Shmuel that they were indeed twins.


9

Yosef's father also rebuked him for the dreams, and Yosef had no idea that אביו שמר את הדבר. When Yosef's brothers sold him, he thought his father was in on it also. Thus, he had no reason to think that contacting his father was worthwhile. When Yosef heard his brothers speak about how much it pained his father that he was gone, Yosef realized he was wrong ...


9

Imrei Baruch says the following answers to your question. A: Chizkuni - The brothers drank since at that moment there was no Gezaira (decree) yet for Stam Yainom (non-Jewish wine). B: Medrosh Talpios: They drank out of "Aimas Hamalchus" (fear of the king) C: He goes on to say that the brothers considered themselves as Bnai Noach and thus together with ...


8

Good question about critique. I know of one Holocaust survivor who asks this question every year, and is never satisfied with the answers provided (echoing his own life's experience trying to connect with his family after the war). Some (I believe Netziv) indicate that Yosef saw his dreams as a prophecy he was ordered to fulfill, and thus was obligated to ...


8

The Ohr Hachaim answers that either this means that there was just enough left for a return trip to Egypt which is considered "finished" because they needed more, or alternatively what they brought from the previous trip to Egypt was finished but they still had some food that Yaakov saved for times of famine.


7

The Lubavitcher Rebbe zt"l explains (in Likkutei Sichos 15:339ff; English adaptation at Chabad.org) that there was one detail in the dreams that threw off the magicians. The Torah describes the first seven cows coming out of the river, and then the second seven cows, "and they stood next to the cows at the riverbank." Now, times of plenty and of famine come ...


7

Sefer Hayashar says that during the banquet (described at the end of Parshas Miketz) Binyamin discovered Tzofnas Paaneach's identity, and that Yosef confirmed it but then asked him to keep it a secret and play along during the accusation about the goblet, in order to see what the brothers would do (whether they'd be willing to fight to save Binyamin, or - ...


6

A link between Chanukah and Parshat Mikeitz can be found in Pharoh’s dreams. In his first dream, Pharoh saw 7 bad looking cows eating 7 good looking cows. In the second dream he saw 7 good ears of grain getting swallowed up by seven thin ears of grain. Similarly, in the days of Matisyahu the Chashmonaim and his sons, Bnai Yisrael although a weaker nation, ...


6

To at least answer 3: Rashbam points out that the donkeys have the food that is needed for the survival of their families back in Canaan. "They'll take us and our donkeys" means "our families will starve to death." In that culture, it was self-understood that "donkey" -> "packages." (On a somewhat related note, the halacha that the Torah's laws of damages ...


6

See Onkelos who translates the word kohen as rabba. Thus, governor, as you write. וִיהַב לֵיהּ יָת אָסְנַת בַּת פּוֹטִי פֶרַע רַבָּא דְּאוֹן Jastrow gives the meaning of kohen as officer, especially priest. See also II Shmuel 20:23: וְגַם, עִירָא הַיָּאִרִי, הָיָה כֹהֵן, לְדָוִד. and Ira also the Jairite was chief minister unto David. Even so, the ...


6

Rav Chaim Yaakov Goldvicht ZT"L (Rosh Yeshiva of Kerem B'Yavneh) had an interesting explanation. For 20 years he was bothered by the question - for years, Yosef served as viceroy of Egypt, and sent no message to his father to tell him he was alive, and made no attempt to contact him. Why not? He gave the following explanation: Yosef thought that his ...


5

The Sifsei Chachamim on that Rashi explains that the interpreter had been there in previous conversations, but right now wasn't present. I think that's what Rashi meant -- the interpreter had been there for all conversations WITH YOSEF -- but as those conversations had ended, he wasn't there now.


5

יעקב אש ויוסף להבה Ya'akov is fire and Yosef is flame. I don't know if "flame" is the best translation, but it's the part of the fire that is not necessarily attached to the source/fuel and therefore has the potential to travel, thereby spreading the very material of the original source to everything it touches. The "fire", on the other hand, lacks ...


5

The brothers did not recognize him because Hashem withheld that ability from them. Hakol bechazkas sumin ad she'hskadosh Baruch Hu Meir es einayhem. A person is blind unless Hashem opens his eyes to see what has been hidden. I believe Rav Bloch gives this answer.


5

If the brothers knew about it, they would have known the reason - that they were forced to do it in order to obtain food. Yosef, as the second in command, would not have been forced due to his position (giving out the food to everyone else). So the fact that he was circumcised would have had to have been for a different reason. ברוך שכוונתי וכו


5

Update: The answer below deals with yayin nesech and does not speak about "Stam Yanom" because it did not apply at thet time. Note that it says in 43:32 it says וַיָּשִׂימוּ לוֹ לְבַדּוֹ וְלָהֶם לְבַדָּם וְלַמִּצְרִים הָאֹכְלִים אִתּוֹ לְבַדָּם כִּי לֹא יוּכְלוּן הַמִּצְרִים לֶאֱכֹל אֶת הָעִבְרִים לֶחֶם כִּי תוֹעֵבָה הִוא לְמִצְרָיִם: And they set ...


5

Like with so many of these questions, there are several approaches as to how to deal with this issue: While this approach is rejected by every commentator I've seen, I think it's worth mentioning at least as a rejected possibility: Yosef wanted to take revenge on his brothers for selling him. Besides for being an unacceptable interpretation because it ...


4

I read in Sefer Minhat Yehuda by HaMekubal HaEloki Rabbi Yehuda Fetaya, and he says that one shouldn't ask why he didn't send a letter to his father telling him the situation. INTRO: First of all, I think he is going on the premise that he can't just get up and leave- was sold. ANSWER: He thought his father had died from the pain of losing him. And this ...


4

Many mefarshim say that the Egyptian chachamim messed up because they did not understand that they were the same dream. For example, see Seforno (41:8) who indicates that were trying to relate the dreams to one another through cause (the cow dream) and potential effect (the grain dream). The basic dream was planting (though plowing) + water (the yeor) = ...


4

One simple answer from Targum Yonasan ben Uziel - Hashem did not want them to. http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=9597&st=&pgnum=529


4

I just saw a very nice connection in "The Weak in the Hands of the Strong," by Rebbetzin Yocheved Krimsky of the Young Israel of Stamford, in the "Collected Insights" (PDF) section of this year's YU Chanuka To-Go. It's a page-long devar Torah, worth reading in its entirety, but in essence: Par'o woke up from a dream in which weak cows swallowed up strong ...


4

The Chizkuni addresses this, and explains that on the first occasion they were not with Yosef for an extended amount of time and would probably not pick up on the fact that he had been crying. However, on the second occasion they would be spending an entire meal together and it was more likely that they would notice he was crying and he therefore had to wash ...


4

The Y'fe Soar (commentary to the Midrash Raba 89:6) explains that Pharaoh saw the interpretation of the dream in the dream itself but forgot it. Since this interpretation didn't remind him of the one he'd seen, he knew it was wrong. Y'de Moshe (commentary to the Midrash Raba there) explains that this interpretation didn't fit the dream very well, to ...



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