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11

The Maharal (Gur Aryeh ibid) explains that the Gemara which says that a person will surely die in a pit full of snakes and scorpions is only when it is full of snakes and scorpions, but this pit just had a few. The Ohr HaChaim explains that the brothers felt Yosef was deserving of death because he had testified falsely about them to their father in matters ...


8

The story is found in מדרש שוחר טוב to Tehillim (39:2). (Menachem's comment [now deleted]) This is probably the earliest source. It is also quoted in the אורחות צדיקים (in שער כ"ה, שער לשון הרע) [on that page, toward the bottom in blue text] (from Menachem, in another deleted comment) According to he.Wikipedia, this story is also quoted in אגדות המלך שלמה ...


8

There is dispute among the commentators as to whether or not Ramban meant that seriously or just said it for the debate. R. Yaakov Kamanetzky writes (Emes L'yaakov Genesis 44:18) that Ramban just said it for the sake of the debate. The Chassam Sofer (Orach Chaim 1:16) understands that Ramban was expressing a serious belief, but limited his view to ...


8

In Talmud Bavli Rosh Hashanna 20b, R' Zeira quotes R' Nachman as saying: כ"ד שעי מכסי סיהרא לדידן שית מעתיקא ותמני סרי מחדתא לדידהו שית מחדתא ותמני סרי מעתיקא For 24 hours, the [moon] light is covered: For us [in Babylon] - 6 of the old [month] and 18 of the new [month]; for them [in Jerusalem] - 6 of the new and 18 of the old. (Translation ...


7

The Ramban deals with this and points out that it must be a miracle. A WHOLE NEW WORLD and Ramban on the Torah: The Ark’s Size both show the explanation of this. God’s Instructions to Noah outline the ark’s dimensions: three hundred amot long, fifty amot wide and thirty amot high (Bereishit 6:15). Ramban (commentary on 6:19) notes that such a structure ...


6

The Rashb"o in Chindushai HaHagodos (Mosad Horav Kook) to Brochos 54b states that after a long halachik discussion the Ameroim switched to Agadato to awaken the students.


6

R' Tzvi Berkowitz told me that R' Yaakov Kaminetzky told him that the Ramban was only saying that for the purposes of the debate, in order to avoid addressing a question to which they would not accept the answer. This was along the lines of the principle of being "דוחה בקש" (pushing off with straw) someone who asks from an illegitimate standpoint. However, ...


6

I don't know if this is the only time that we learn halacha for shechita from the Binding of Isaac, but according to the Simlah Chadasha (6:5), we learn that the shechita knife must be unattached from the ground in order to be eligible to use for shechita, from the Akeidah. His source (ultimately), is the gemara, Chulin 16a: יתיב רב אחוריה דרבי חייא ...


5

According to Rabbi Munk in his commentary on Vay'chi, it is because Esav was attempting to deny that he had sold his "birthright" completely. That is, he claimed that he had sold the "first born" rights and had sold the (future) settlement of the land of Canaan (to avoid the 400 years of slavery that was still ahead) but not the 50% share of the remaining ...


5

The Ta'amei Haminhagim (618) mentions this reason: The reason that we are awake all night on the night of Shavuos and are busy with (learning) Torah is because the Bnei Yisrael slept all night and Hashem had to wake them, as we see in the Midrash. Therefore we need to fix this. (Magen Avraham OC:494) Magen Avraham was written mid-17th Century


5

There are many different opinions as to when to place the book of Job. The opinion that Elihu is Yitzhak is different from the opinion that he was an advisor to Pharaoh.


5

Gur Aryeh seems to have a very nice explanation. The link is a Google book, so you will find it on p. 34. Paraphrasing: Avraham, Moshe and Mashiach all had an exalted status. They all transcended holiness approaching a Godly level. All 3 people are loftier than time, space and the universe. The donkey is the only non-kosher animal connected with a ...


5

The Lubavitcher Rebbe explains that this was actually an answer to Moshe. See an English Essay of it here. Moshe had two arguments why he shouldn't be the redeemer: He didn't want to exalt himself above his older brother He realized he wasn't going to be the final redeemer and therefore thought it was a waste of time for him to take the Jews out of Egypt. ...


5

The Eitz Yosef says it might have been a ruse to get them to shave their peyos harosh and beard. The Matna Kehuna says it is a warning to his soldiers and hair of the head is an expressing for finding a person, meaning if he finds any Jew he will chop off the head of the officer who failed to kill the Jew. He brings a variant text where a first proclamation ...


4

Masheches Sanhedrin 109 mentions this idea. The Mishna said that the dor haflaga has no share in the world to come. The gemara asks what they did, and says they built a tower. Rav Yermiya bar Elazar says there were three groups: Some wanted to live in the heavens, so Hashem scattered this group. Others wanted to serve avoda zarah, so Hashem mixed their ...


4

I recently saw a mashal that applies. I was unable to find it so this is from memory. A rabbi had been in a major community for many years and was getting old. He wanted to go to a smaller community so as not to be under as much pressure and to have time to learn. The smaller community was of course delighted. He carefully arranged with his current ...


4

It does occur sometimes in Midrashei Halacha. See for example Bava Kamma 10b: תשלומי נזק מלמד שהבעלים מטפלין בנבילה מנא הני מילי אמר ר' אמי דאמר קרא (ויקרא כד, יח) מכה נפש בהמה ישלמנה אל תקרי ישלמנה אלא ישלימנה ‘“To compensate for damage" imports that the owners [plaintiffs] have to retain the carcass as part payment’. What is the authority for this ...


4

It derives it from a Posuk in Shir HaShirim: עַד שֶׁהַמֶּלֶךְ בִּמְסִבּוֹ נִרְדִּי נָתַן רֵיחוֹ While the king was still at his table, my spikenard gave forth its fragrance. Medresh Rabbah Shir HaShirim 55-56 elaborates that the implication is that when Hashem appeared, the Jews did something negative. One interpreation of the negativity is that ...


4

It is indeed found in the Buber edition of the Tanchumah. In the haaros on the bottom he points to the Yalkut Shimoni in Shir Hashirim chapter 5. And as Matt pointed out its in the Rabba on Shir Hashirim 5:2 as well.


4

The Shai LaMorah, on Tannah D'vei Eliyahu Zuta 20:6, explains that Hashem will reveal yet-unknown reasons for the Mitzvos and the Torah. Our newfound understanding of the reasons will make it seem as if there's a new Torah. He cites the Iyun Tefillah on the yotzer of Parshas Hachodesh.


4

The של׳ה found in שער האותיות ק׳ קדושה אות כ׳ח says מפני שפגם הלבנה גרמה האשה הראשונה דהיינו חטא חוה. This is different than the מגן אברהם's wording מפני שהם גרמו פגם הלבנה. The של׳ה can be understood as saying the exact opposite, that the מיעוט הלבנה is connected to causing the original sin. I don't have an out right proof but if you read the section in the ...


4

The Y'fe Soar (commentary to the Midrash Raba 89:6) explains that Pharaoh saw the interpretation of the dream in the dream itself but forgot it. Since this interpretation didn't remind him of the one he'd seen, he knew it was wrong. Y'de Moshe (commentary to the Midrash Raba there) explains that this interpretation didn't fit the dream very well, to ...


4

In a previous M.Y. answer. someone cited Ramba"m's classification of 3 types of individuals who view Midrash. The 3rd one is the one that, I think, is the most applicable: The third category, and there are so few individuals here that they barely constitute a category, is those who assume Chazal were wise and moderate, and seek whatever explanation ...


4

Unfortunately due to lack of definitive timelines (just try to find out when Zoroaster lived) and lack of written evidence which scholars and and historians would accept, it would be hard prove who influenced who. What we do know is that Chazzal were very honest when they did accept anything from anywhere and when there was actual change. See for instance ...


4

Rashi on Chumash channels midrashic works, selecting those midrashim that fit his stated criteria and reworking them to form a commentary. Rashi has favored midrashim on different chumashim. On sefer Shemot, he channels the Mechilta, which is a midrash composed on Shemot. Indeed, follow your link to Shemot 12 and see how many of his sources are from the ...


3

In response to YEZ, Feb. 28: The distinction made in Dynamics of Dispute (pages 125 and following) is not halacha vs. aggadta. It is between teachings by Tannaim (of whatever category) that definitely did not originate with Moses' report of G-d's explanation, and all others. Only the former are candidates for dispute. The Rambam certainly maintains that ...


3

the chasam sofer (shu"t cheilek vov siman tes) qoutes the shaloh answering this question moshe wrote the sifrei torah "bi-hasvoas hakulmos (he wrote with feathers in between each of his hands) which is no better then writing with your weaker hand and that is only a derabanan (which was only institued later) a lot better of a question would be how was it ...


3

Here is a link to a Drasha from Rabbi Moshe Wolfson Shlita on this topic.


3

Shabbos 104a מ"ט פשוטה כרעיה דגימ"ל לגבי דל"ת שכן דרכו של גומל חסדים לרוץ אחר דלים ומ"ט פשוטה כרעיה דדל"ת לגבי גימ"ל דלימציה ליה נפשיה ומ"ט מהדר אפיה דדל"ת מגימ"ל דליתן ליה בצינעה כי היכי דלא ליכסיף מיניה Why is the leg of the gimmel sticking towards the dalet? Because the "gomel" - bestower- of kindness runs after the "dalim" - downtrodden. Why is ...


3

The source is Pirkei D'Rabbi Eliezer 41, which you can see here: Rabbi Hanina said: In the third month the day is double the night, and the Israelites slept through two hours of the day, as sleep on the feast of Shavuot is pleasant, as the night is short. And Moses went forth and came to the camp of the Israelites, and he aroused them from their sleep, ...



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