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This is found in Tanna Devei Eliyahu Rabba, beginning of chapter 18 and Yalkut Shamoni Eicha 1034. The Tanna Devei Eliyahu version is: מאי שפכי כמים לבך נוכח פני ה' מכאן אמרו כל ת"ח שיושב וקורא ושונה ועוסק בתורה הקב"ה יושב כנגדו וקורא ושונה עמו What does "Poor out your heart like water opposite the face of Hashem" mean? From here they said that ...


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Midrashim in general are nice and a good souce for Divrei Tora for the Shabes table. However one cannot bring the words of the Midrash as Halacha, unless Chazal or one of the Rishonim specifically referred to that midrash as a source of that specific Halacha. Rashi (and many others) commonly bring Midrash Tanchuma to explain verses in the Tora, as well as a ...


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"Justification" is the wrong phrasing. Ultimately, the methods by which one interprets the Torah, the list of rules that we use to get from rather-confusing-text to coherent-set-of-rules, are supposed to be those communicated to us from Moshe, who got them directly from God. There are of course certain wrinkles - one, for instance, is the fact that different ...



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