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19

I used to be a Christian but converted to Orthodox Judaism more than 32 years ago. I have a website called: "A Primer: Why Jews Can't Believe in Jesus" that should more than adequately answer your question (although I actually designed it for Jewish education and not to combat missionaries). But let me just touch on the basics: Not only isn't Jesus the ...


17

Moses makes it clear that when the Jews enter the Promised Land, eventually one special place shall be chosen, and that will be the only place that animal sacrifices are authorized. That place is the Temple in Jerusalem. Today the Temple does not stand; it's unclear exactly where on the Temple Mount area the altar stood; there are numerous uncertainties ...


15

Just to note, Rambam (Mishna Torah; Hil. Melachim 12:2) writes that one should not over-contemplate the events that are to come about with the redemption, for the prophecies are intentionally vague and no one will know for certain their meaning until they come to be realized. Even the Rabbis of the Talmud only said about the redemption and the Messiah what ...


14

The Zohar uses the term "erev rav" quite extensively, and yes, usually meaning the people opposed to the Torah scholars of their period. (It parallels the usage of "am haaretz" in Pesachim 49a-b, where it also means people who are hostile to Torah (rather than just ignorant of it, as is the usual usage of "am haaretz") - like R' Akiva, quoted there as saying ...


14

Here are the Rambam's instructions on how to recognize Moshiach: Melachim U'Milchamotahem 11 A Jewish King from the House of David who learns and observes the Torah (written and oral) and assures that Israel does as well can be presumed to be Moshiach. If he does so and rebuilds the Beis HaMikdosh and gathers in the exiles he certainly is Moshiach.


14

It is clear to the Jewish people that the Messiah has not yet come. For the Messiah to have come there would have to be, also a Messianic Era. The sure signs of the Messianic Era, among other things, are: With the coming of the Messiah will be the physical ingathering of Judah from the four corners of the earth ( Isa. 11:12, 27:12-13); That ingathering ...


13

According to the Rambam (Laws of Kings 12:1), the natural world we know will continue to exist in Moshiach's times. So yes, marriages existing now will still be in effect when Moshiach comes. Even according to the opinions that it will be an era of miracles and of a new natural order (Ramban), we'll still be physical creatures with bodies.


13

The Rambam in Hilchot Milachim 12:1 says "OLAM KMINHAGO HOLECH." The world will continue as is including electronics.In fact the Chofetz Chaim said that most of today's technology it proves the point for example he said until phones no one could understand how Hashem could hear all so Hashem showed us an example.


13

The Rambam (Teshuvah 9:2) says he will be a prophet almost as great as Mosheh Rabbeinu.


13

Let me break this down by question: 1. Are there any documented halachik authorities that rule that the belief in a dead Messiah is beyond the pale of permitted Jewish belief and therefore would qualify as Kfira? Short Answer: Yes -- and we do consideer it kfira in the case of Jews who adopt Christianity. Rabbi Gil Student, in his book Can The Rebbe ...


11

For a complete treatment of the subject, see a work like this. There are anti-missionary sites that certainly go through the various Biblical descriptions of the Messiah; these aren't hard to find if you google around a bit. In brief, here's how Maimonides codifies the job description of the Jewish Messiah, in Chapter 11 of his Laws of Kings & their ...


10

A majority of Jews cannot bring a Pesach on Pesach Sheni. Only a minority can, and only if the majority brought theirs on Pesach Rishon. Pesachim (79a-80b).


10

No, and I'll explain why: First, as per this list, only 42.5% of world Jewry was in Israel in 2010, so "most" of the Jews are not in Israel. Second, the exile is a function of lost spirituality, not just physical presence. The return to Zion will end the exile when god decides we are on the spiritual level for the proper return. Simply moving there, while ...


10

Absolutely not. The Jewish messiah is a flesh-and-blood man descended from King David.


10

Rambam Hilchos Malachim perek 1 Halacha 5 "אין מעמידין אשה במלכות שנאמר עליך מלך ולא מלכה וכן כל משימות שבישראל אין ממנים בהם אלא איש." women cannot become kings. Also when the gemara discusses Mashiach they use the loshon "him" and Ben Dovid see Sanhedrin 98


9

It's mentioned in the Gemara, Sukkah 52a-b. The Gemara there explains that the mourning described in Zech. 12:10ff is for Moshiach ben Yosef's death; it further identifies the "four smiths" (ibid. 2:3-4) as including "Moshiach ben David and Moshiach ben Yosef." It is true, though, that the Rambam, in his description of Moshiach, his prerequisites, ...


9

Not a complete answer, but the first step is to truly learn about Moshiach and the Messianic era. Understanding the fundamentals about why Judaism necessitates a belief in Moshiach in the first place. Yoel Kahan wrote a Sefer (book) explaining why Moshiach and the Resurrection of the Dead are two of the Rambam's 13 principles of faith. Why does he consider ...


9

The Rambam (Hilchos Teshuva 9:2:) writes that Moshaich will be a prophet: [These changes will come about] because the king who will arise from David's descendants will be a greater master of knowledge than Solomon and a great prophet, close to the level of Moses, our teacher. See also Melachim uMilchamot 12:3, where he writes that Moshaich will have ...


9

I think that the question presupposes that the coming of Moshiach is a reward for our work during the era of exile, and in that case that's a fair point, since we're supposed to do mitzvos "not in order to receive reward" (Avos 1:3). However, the Lubavitcher Rebbe zt"l cites in this connection a statement by R. Schneur Zalman of Liadi (Tanya, ch. 37) that ...


8

The Gemara in Nedarim says that had the Jews not sinned, they would have just received the 5 book of the Torah and sefer Yehoshua: אלמלא (לא ) חטאו ישראל לא ניתן להם אלא חמשה חומשי תורה וספר יהושע בלבד שערכה של ארץ ישראל הוא מאי טעמא כי ברוב חכמה רב כעס The ran explains that the main purpose of divrei neviim was to rebuke the Jews for their sins: ...


8

In short, do Mitzvot. The Rambam writes (Teshuva 3:4): Accordingly, throughout the entire year, a person should always look at himself as equally balanced between merit and sin and the world as equally balanced between merit and sin. If he performs one sin, he tips his balance and that of the entire world to the side of guilt and brings destruction upon ...


8

Are the Jews still today waiting for the promised Messiah to come? Yes - central to our prayers which we say 3 times per day is a prayer for the quick arrival of the Moshiach and the restoration of the Jewish monarchy, the House of Dovid. See also the Rambam (Maimonides) 13 principles of belief: "I believe completely in the advent of the Moshiach and I wait ...


8

No, no, and no. The Jewish messiah needs to be a flesh-and-blood paternal descendant of King David. See the answers to this question for more details.


7

In a translation of a talk by the Lubavitcher Rebbe from Shabbos Parshas Emor 5738 (1978), the Rebbe brings that most opinions hold that the Jews will be obligate to bring the Pesach Sheni, and points to the Minchas Chinuch. emphasis mine: The original Pesach Sheni was instituted for those who were unclean or could not otherwise offer the Pesach ...


7

Here is a 56 page pdf with different references to the Eruv Rav in the last generations. The sources are mostly Kabbalistic. It starts with a mention of what the Eruv Rav were originally, and then explains how the spiritual Eruv Rav comes into existence. I just skimmed it, but I didn't see any mention to the Eruv Rav being in control of the land ...


7

As mentioned in other answers, we don't offer sacrifices these days because once the Beit Hamikdash was established as the permanent House of G-d we are no longer allowed to offer Korbanot anywhere else. Although the Rambam holds that we do not need the Temple to be standing in order to offer Korbanot, the Korbanot still must be offerred on the Temple Mount. ...


7

First you must define what it means that "the Torah cannot change" and what it means that Neviim and Kesuvim are "עתידין ליבטל". That the Torah cannot change is the ninth of the Rambam's thirteen ikkarim. He defines it as the belief that no mitzvos can be added to nor subtracted from the Torah, nor can there be any "new" or "alternative" Torah. Now, what ...


7

Disclaimer: As recommended by @DoubleAA and mentioned above by @SethJ, the translation of "Moshiach" is "anointed". It has been used to refer to other people besides the final redeemer. Nevertheless, it has come to refer, nowadays almost exclusively, to the final redeemer. Herein I will use Moshiach to refer to the final redeemer, as is common. The Tanach ...



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