New answers tagged mesorah-tradition
Essential Qualification: [NOTE: I am fully aware that what follows may be seen as off topic to this question, however I have enough experience with "messianic" groups and their beliefs to know that this is an absolutely essential qualification to make regarding this question.] While the previous answer is sound indeed, many have tried to apply this ...
Nusach ashkenaz in artscroll is slightly misleading. 'Nusach ashkenaz' implies the german nusach when really it's minhag polin/lita. So the ashkenaz of artscroll is according to the litvish custom. If you find a siddur that's published in germany or hungary and says "nusach ashkenaz" it will be slightly different
The double knot at the top is midoraisa. That's what fulfills the mitzvah The other knots developed and became custom. Some are based on the ari z"l and other kabbalistic sources but it doesn't matter if you have that first double knot. A bigger question would be wearing wool or cotton. http://steinsaltz.org/learning.php?pg=Daf_Yomi&articleId=2302
With the issue mainly being in the Chumash (The Five Books of Moses), the Lev Tahor community's publishing house, Hotzaas Daas, has recently published a Hebrew-only Chumash using a revised numbering system without any problematic divisions.
The Koren Tanach (a.ka.a the Jerusalem bible with its English translation) has both divisions; the original one on the outside margin of the page, and the popular one on the inside.
There is a teshuva of the Rema in which he writes that if you find a Teshuva of the Gaonim, you could follow its opinion. I asked R' Zvi Berkowitz about this and he said this was restricted specifically to the period of the Gaonim, because the Rishonim themselves (on whom much of our codification is based) would have taken the position of the Gaon into ...
The Shaim HaGedolim from the Chida brings three opinions regarding who his teacher was. One is Rav Hai Gaon, another is Rabbeinu Chananal, and the third is Rabbi Yehuda Ben Meir HaKohen HaZakein who is called Rabbeinu Leontin. The entry for the latter has no biographical information, but under Rabbeinu Leontai it says in the notes that this is an Italian ...
From this article on early roots of Jewish life in Germany, it sounds like Rabeinu Gershom himself wrote about Rabbi Yehudah ben Rabbi Meir HaKohein (aka Rabbi Leontin) in one of his teshuvos, that it was "...Rabbi Leon who taught me the majority of his learning."
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