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8

The Mishna B'rura (672:6, citing Magein Avraham 672:3) writes: If he put a lot of oil so that the flame will last longer, there is no mitzva in this. But with wax candles, there is a beautification of the mitzva when they are long. Nevertheless, one should not make them inordinately long. The distinction between oil and wax is based on the Magein ...


8

Neiros Shabbos - No 95 shows a picture of a Chanuka Menora from the 15th century in Sicily. Jewish Art Museum of Minessota has 2 pictures of Menoras from the 13th century. One from Avignon and the other from Germany /Northern France. According to this press release - The Living Torah Museum has the oldest known Chanuka Menora on display. I spoke to Rabbi ...


7

In the Sheilos U'Teshuvos of the Maharsham (Rabbi Shalom Mordechai Shvadron) Chelek 4 Siman 146 he writes to a Rabbi in the city of Leipzig the following (my own translation with added clarifications): To answer your letter from the 2nd day of Chanuka, if it is permissible to light the Chanuka candles on the train - I did not find the matter to be so ...


7

There's an article on this by Dose of Halacha. Here's an excerpt: While the Rema (OC 671:7) follows the Rivash that one can’t fulfil one’s obligation to light through the shul’s menora, the Kolbo (44) writes that one reason for this minhag is on behalf of those who don’t light at home. The Beis Yosef (OC 671:7) writes similarly that visitors can fulfil ...


5

The custom is not to exempt the homeless, it's for pirsumei nisa; while nobody would notice candles during the day if they're by someone's house, today the lighting of Chunnukah candles in shul is noticeable enough that, while there's certainly no obligation to do so, the custom developed to light there as well. The Pri Megadim (Eishel Avraham 670:2), ...


5

At the back of Yabia Omer Vol 10 OC (Siman 55), he has notes on Rav Poalim. There, in section 37 he writes as follows: ח"ב חאו"ח סימן סב. נשאל הרהמ"ח על מ"ש הרמ"א (סי' תרו ס"א) שאם ביקש מחילה מחבירו כדת, ולא רצה למחול לו, יאמר אח"כ בפני עשרה שביקש ממנו מחילה. האם מועיל לומר כן אפילו בפני עשר נשים. והשיב, דלכתחלה יאמר במעמד עדה שהם ...


5

"Shamash" is related to the word "shimush" meaning "use" or "serving". The shamash candle is "serving" the other Chanukah candles by lighting them. Similar to a waiter who "serves" the food. While not in use in common Hebrew, I have heard of a maid being called a "shamash". Likewise, the shul's "caretaker" is called the "shamash" because he serves or ...


4

Let's assume you're far down as Cape Town at 33° 55′ 31″ S. Candle lighting on the first day of Chanuka (this year, 5775) at sunset would be at 19:55 and if you wait for night then it's at 20:25. However, one can light as early as Plag HaMincha which will be at 18:25 - that may be the simplest way to get the children involved - light as early as ...


4

The Shulchan Aruch does say "בשוגג" (inadvertently) as you pointed out. Not eve discussing doing it on purpose. Here (though unsourced) it says you would need to relight, without a bracha (near the end) Rav Dov Lior explains (part b) the relevant Talmud (Shabbat 21b) and states (end of first paragraph) that one would not need to relight if it went out, but ...


4

See Kitzur Shulchan Oruch 139 (6) וצריכין ליזהר שיתן כל אחד ואחד נרותיו במקום מיוחד, כדי שיהיה היכר כמה נרות מדליקין or as Ohr Someach expresses the halacha: If a number of people are lighting in one household they should make a slight separation between their menorahs so that there is no confusion to the observer as to the number of candles. ...


4

The Avnei Nezer 2:500 quotes several opinions that state that one needs to have the candles lit in some sort of kli (vessel) and not just stuck onto a table. (h/t: DoubleAA) R. Shmuel Kamenetsky (Kovetz Hil. Chanukah pg. 29) also writes that one should be careful to use a kli, even if one is using wax candles that can stand by themselves. However, R. ...


4

The Emes L'yaakov (by R' Yaakov Kamenetsky) on Parshas Miketz is clear that they may not be used even for Mitzva use. He compares Chanuka lights - forbidden to benefit from - to Shabbos candles - we benefit from as they bring Shalom into the house. הנה לכשנתבונן בב' מיני נרות שנצטוינו להדליק נר שבת ויו"ט ונר חנוכה, הא' ניתן להשתמש בו ואדרבה בלא תשמיש א"צ ...


3

Otzer Kol Minhagei Yeshurin & Nitei Gavriel Chanuka 40:18 mention a reason from the Binyan Shlomo 38 that this is based on the Rambam that when they when one lit the candles in the morning he is also doing the Mitzva if the candles extinguished. Nitei Gavriel also mentions in the name of Nehar Mitzrayim that it is done for Pirsumei Nisa. The Nehar ...


3

In "Chanukah with Torah Tidbits," an overview of Chanukah practices by Phil Chernofsky of the OU Israel Center, it says: Some have the custom of preparing the Chanukiya in the morning for the evening (this goes for every day, except Shabbat, of course). This not only serves the practical purpose of being ready to light on time without delaying to set up ...


3

Nitei Gavriel Chanuka 23:15 says that there are those that put in the wicks and oil in the evening when the proper time for lighting has arrived. (Rabbi Aaron M'Karlin, Kamarna, Kaliver Rabbi). This would indicate to me that there is no problem to prepare earlier if one wants, although it is preferable to do it immediately prior to lighting. As per my ...


3

Assuming there are separate receptacles for each light, a menorah can be any shape. However, the the Biur Halacha in siman 671 siff 4 quotes a Maharshal that lighting in a circular utensil is not a hiddur for ner Chanuka. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in siman 139 siff 9 says to make the lights 'straight in a row, not one high and one low'. This has become ...


3

Create oil-cups by carefully pushing aluminum foil squares into the hand. Support them with rings of aluminum foil, so they don't tip over. Strips of pure cotton clothing are excellent wicks. Hiddur: make wicks of make-up cotton pads. Straighten out paperclips and make a loop in the middle, place them across the cups as wick-holders. Most vegetable oils can ...


3

When I was in Yeshiva, I saw someone use empty beer bottles, in which your standard order white Shabbos candles just so happen to be an exact fit. Sorry, I didn't take a picture. If you don't have 8 empty beer bottles on hand, I'm sure you could find someone willing to procure some for you.


2

The Beis HaLevi writes that the miracle was that the sages of the time, in order to ensure that the oil would last for the whole 8 days, only poured 1/8th of the oil into the Menorah each night, and they made the wicks 1/8th of their usual size, so it would burn slower, albeit with a smaller flame. Hashem made a miracle that the flame burned as brightly and ...


2

Meseches Sofrim 20 seems to imply as much. One may not light an old lamp; one who only has an old lamp may whiten it well in fire, and that is permitted. cf this lecture (around the 22 min mark)


2

This is going to be unsourced untill I get around to it. In modern societies where people are walking the streets till eleven o'clock or so, the time period of 'ad shetichla regel min hashuk' is extended. This idea is mentioned by a few poskim both as a leniency to allow one to make a bracha when lighting later in the night and there is no-one else home. ...


2

Orach Chaim 673:1 permits all types of wax. I think the reason some use beeswax as opposed to paraffin is due to the nicer light, less dripping, longer lasting, better quality of beeswax candles. http://www.hiveandhoneyapiary.com/beeswaxvsparaffin.html


2

The Sefer Nitei Gavriel Perek 20:5:note 12 writes that many people use wax for the shamash. The sources include the Hagaos Maharil,Minhagei Chabad pg 275 since the name wax in Hebrew has connotations to the Holy Names, and besides for the reason it produces a nice light there are kabbalistic reasons as well ,see Magen Avraham siman 288:3 also mentions the ...


2

Mekadesh Yisrael 252 discusses this and says that even though in such a situation one will light prior to Plag, there is no choice here and that is what must be done.


2

This is not a complete answer but just my impression. I am assuming that the underlying concern is one of mitzvah haba b'aveira, a mitzvah whose performance comes about through the commission of a sin. In the case of Channukah candles, there is no requirement to use ANY menorah http://www.dailyhalacha.com/m/halacha.aspx?id=2789 so if I can be mekayem ...


2

This is a machlokes Rishonim. It is brought in the Ran to the Rif's Hilchos Chanuka, first paragraph. The Ran first proves and then defends the opinion that it cannot be used even for mitzvah purposes, and then cites the Baal HaMe'or that you could use it for mitzvah purposes. The Ran's primary proof is that they allowed the use of inferior oils for ...


2

On page 227 of the link which was posted by Avrohom Yitzchok he gives a difference which seemed quite compelling to me. When it comes the beam, there is no idea to see the beam for its own sake, it is rather to be able to recognize that the boundary is there, so you see the sign, and that is good enough. Whereas with the Chanuka candle and a Sukka, you have ...


2

I've never had to do this, myself, but here are some things I've seen my friends do. You can use Styrofoam cups, a favorite of my friends': Another option would be to use a Styrofoam plate, like this: This year, I saw someone use those metal Shabbos candle holders, lined up next to each other, like this: I've also seen some more exotic things, like ...


1

I compiled a few opinions from Hilchos Chashmal, most have to do with electric but it answers the wick and oil parts. Kochvei Yitzchak simanim 5-8 – Mikar Halacha there is no issue with electric for ner chanuka, but the best way to perform the mitzvah is with olive oil. The ones who asssur say that there is no shuir of a half hour by electric (oil can be ...


1

All this applies equally to lighting regular Shabbos candles. Common practice in America today is to calculate all z'manim based on a sunrise-to-sunset day, except for Sof zman krias sh'ma, so P'lag will always be before sunset. This is true even for those that will e.g. pray Mincha until 72 minutes after sunset. Historically there were places in Europe ...



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