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-1

The massacre at the end of the purim story presumably created a labor shortage and workers' wages went up but the number of tax payers went down. To keep the cash flow steady, taxes had to be increased. (We wouldn't want the workers to become too wealthy or they may have leisure time to write Federalist Papers and such)


0

Finally found the full text in the Manos Halevi its on passuk 5:13 :http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=39949&st=&pgnum=294 (text of document is on next page) My translation : "I am Haman the son of hemdasa from the linage of agag,I was sent by the king Achashverosh to fight a war against the city of Hindahka,the king placed me in charge of ...


2

The Halacha is very clear about this. For example, the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in סימן קמא - הלכות מגלה says: הַקוֹרֵא אֶת הַמְּגִלָּה, צָרִיךְ לְכַוֵּן לְהוֹצִיא אֶת כָּל הַשּׁוֹמְעִים. וְגַם הַשּׁוֹמֵעַ צָרִיךְ לְכַוֵּן לָצֵאת וְלִשְׁמֹעַ כָּל תֵּבָה וְתֵבָה, שֶׁאֲפִלּו אִם רַק תֵּבָה אַחַת לֹא שָׁמַע, אֵינוֹ יוֹצֵא. וְלָכֵן צָרִיךְ הַקּוֹרֵא ...


3

The Chassam Sofer* says that accepting the fact that a king has been appointed by Hashem and has some of Hashem's glory is included in the fact that we must fear and honor a king as a point of fearing and honoring Hashem. There are indecent people who only fear the king in front of him, like someone who fears a robber, but in secret they mock him. This is ...


6

Rabbi Yonason Eibushutz answered humorously that disposing of two evil doers ( Bigsan and Teresh) is better than one ( Ahashverosh) The midrash (footnote 73) and Sefarim Chitzonum writes that Bigsan and Teresh were in cohoots with Haman. If Ahasverish was killed Haman would have taken his place. In that case it is clear that Ahasverosh is better than Haman. ...


5

Two Possible Answers: The Megillah states that Mordechai would stay by the gate to hear what was done to Esther. Possibly Mordechai was looking out for Esther's safety. It was common practice at the time for the king's wives to be killed after the assassination of the king. Another answer is based on the Medrash that Esther asked that Mordechai be ...


1

Rava (Bavli 12) sees it in 1:9, which says Vashti made a party for women in the king's home: he says she must have made it there rather than in her own home because she intended sin [presumably lewd intermingling].


-1

The island would have needed to be populated at the time. According to wikipedia the city of New York was populated for millenia (although I dont know about Manhattan in particular). Even if it was populated to one degree or another at the time of Yehoshua it might need a certain degree of permanence for it to be considered a city with a water-barrier (such ...


5

Pirkei Avos says: "Hevei mispallel b'shloma shel malchus" - Pray for the peace of the government. Even though there is no concept of lo ta'amod for Mordechai to adhere to, the assassination of the King would lead to severe sociopolitical upheaval. As subjects to the kingdom, it is our obligation to maintain, or at the very least pray for, the general order. ...


5

Esther 2:8 uses the term "Vatilakach" - she was taken. While it doesn't clearly imply "forcibly", there are several hints that this was mandatory. One is 2:3 that says that the king should gather EVERY virgin girl. The text alone doesn't state that Esther was married, so she might have been a betulah. Even if we follow the explanations that she was ...


7

There are several places in the Talmud which assume she was taken by force, e.g. Megillah 15a: לך כנוס את כל היהודים וגו' עד אשר לא כדת אמר רבי אבא שלא כדת היה שבכל יום ויום עד עכשיו באונס ועכשיו ברצון וכאשר אבדתי אבדתי כשם שאבדתי מבית אבא כך אובד ממך Rashi there: עד עכשיו. נבעלתי באונס: ועכשיו. מכאן ואילך מדעתי: אבדתי ממך. ואסורה אני לך דאשת ישראל ...


1

The Shulchan Arukh (in O'C 692:1) writes: ולאחריה נוהגין לברך: הרב את ריבנו וכו. After [reading the megillah] it is the customary to say the blessing harav et riveinu etc. The Mishnah Berura (#4) comments there: כי בגמרא איתא דברכה דלאחריה תליא במנהגא במקום שנוהגים לברך יברך ולכן כתב המחבר דהאידנא נוהגים לברך This is because the Gemara ...


1

The Malbin always explains that שָׂשׂוֹן is the external manifestation of happiness, and שִׂמְחָה is feeling happy. See, for example, the Malbim on ישעיה Posuk 22:13 וְהִנֵּה שָׂשׂוֹן וְשִׂמְחָה הָרֹג בָּקָר וְשָׁחֹט צֹאן אָכֹל בָּשָׂר וְשָׁתוֹת יָיִן אָכוֹל וְשָׁתוֹ כִּי מָחָר נָמוּת: שמחה היא שמחת הלב הפנימית, וששון היא המחול והריקוד והמשתה אשר יעשו ...


-1

I believe it is the Gra who explains that Sasson refers to open, outer joy while Simcha refers to inner joy. You can explain the Pasuk as prioritizing one over the other, or suggesting which led to the other.


0

This article presents an interesting, thought-provoking angle. Essentially, he claims that the Megillah mentions that after Ahashverush made Esther queen, it states that he sent gifts. The next verse says that Esther still didn't reveal her nationality as Mordechai had commanded her. What is the connection of these two verses? The idea is that by giving ...


5

The source is Medrash Esther Rabba 7:13 See here: אמר רבי יצחק נפחא המן הרשע בעלילה גדולה בא על ישראל הה"ד ובמלאת הימים האלה עשה המלך לכל העם הנמצאים בשושן הבירה וגו' ואין העם האמור כאן אלא ישראל הה"ד (דברים ל"ג) אשריך ישראל מי כמוך עם נושע בה' וגו', אמר המן לאחשורוש אלהיהם של אלו שונא זמה העמד להם זונות ועשה להם משתה וגזר עליהם שיבואו כולם ויאכלו וישתו ...


0

According to the Targum Sheni (4:10) Mordechai did in fact send word and request prayers from Haggai, Zecharya, and Malachi regarding the situation.


3

Rashi in Sanhedrin 30a says: בעל החלום. שר המראה חלומות בלילה The Master of Dreams is some sort of celestial messenger in charge of what you see when you dream. On the other hand, Chazal (Brachot 55b) knew that you tend to dream about what you thought about during the day. אין מראין לו לאדם אלא מהרהורי לבו So possibly this Master of Dreams is ...


0

It is clear from the Midrashim that Daniel and Baruch Ben Neria were around at the time. An explanation that I heard once was that only Mordechai understood that Hashem was acting with his הנהגה of being hidden as opposed to the others who saw His revealed open miracles. I hope this is a good starting point.


1

This is derived on Megillah 2b via biblical exegesis. The Yerushalmi quoted by Rambam and others explains that this was to accord honor to Israel whose walled cities were destroyed in the time of the Megilla. By defining walled city status by the ealier periof of Yehshua, Israeli cities qualified. (The exact intent of the Yerushalmi is disputed by the ...


0

The verses don't sat that the reading takes place between the 11th and the 15th. Rather this is derived in the Gemara (Megillah 2b) from various phrases in the Megillah including the words "vlo yaavor" Incidentally, even had the Megillah listed the days, v'lo yaavor could still be valuable for teaching us an actual prohibition of performin kriyas hamegillah ...


0

The most commonly held opinion is that the story of Esther took place after the foundation of the 2nd Beis HaMikdash was built, but before the building was completed. (See Artscroll on Ezra, among others; Medrash Esther Rabba; etc.) The building process was halted by royal edict in the middle of the construction. The exact timeline is discussed in depth by ...


0

According to Medrash Esther Rabba, Achashveirosh had taken control of the Persian empire, despite not being a blood relative of the former kings. He maintained strong control over a vast empire. It's hard to imagine that he did all this in a state of drunkenness. The Medrash also brings a famous debate: was Achashveirosh a melech tipeish, an idiotic king, ...



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