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10

Medrash Esther Raba 3 says Charvona was called Charvona as he was responsible for the Churban Bais Hamikdash. חרבונא מופיע פעמיים במגילה - בתחילת המגילה הוא מופיע כאחד משבעת הסריסים המשרתים את פני המלך אחשרוש, ובסוף המגילה הוא מגלה לאחשורוש על העץ שהכין המן. חרבונא זהו שם פרסי (א' בסופו). אומר המדרש [אסתר רבה, ג] שמשמעות שמו - "אחריב ביתיה", לשון ...


7

There are several places in the Talmud which assume she was taken by force, e.g. Megillah 15a: לך כנוס את כל היהודים וגו' עד אשר לא כדת אמר רבי אבא שלא כדת היה שבכל יום ויום עד עכשיו באונס ועכשיו ברצון וכאשר אבדתי אבדתי כשם שאבדתי מבית אבא כך אובד ממך Rashi there: עד עכשיו. נבעלתי באונס: ועכשיו. מכאן ואילך מדעתי: אבדתי ממך. ואסורה אני לך דאשת ישראל ...


7

The source is Medrash Esther Rabba 7:13 See here: אמר רבי יצחק נפחא המן הרשע בעלילה גדולה בא על ישראל הה"ד ובמלאת הימים האלה עשה המלך לכל העם הנמצאים בשושן הבירה וגו' ואין העם האמור כאן אלא ישראל הה"ד (דברים ל"ג) אשריך ישראל מי כמוך עם נושע בה' וגו', אמר המן לאחשורוש אלהיהם של אלו שונא זמה העמד להם זונות ועשה להם משתה וגזר עליהם שיבואו כולם ויאכלו וישתו ...


6

Rabbi Yonason Eibushutz answered humorously that disposing of two evil doers ( Bigsan and Teresh) is better than one ( Ahashverosh) The midrash (footnote 73) and Sefarim Chitzonum writes that Bigsan and Teresh were in cohoots with Haman. If Ahasverish was killed Haman would have taken his place. In that case it is clear that Ahasverosh is better than Haman. ...


5

Two Possible Answers: The Megillah states that Mordechai would stay by the gate to hear what was done to Esther. Possibly Mordechai was looking out for Esther's safety. It was common practice at the time for the king's wives to be killed after the assassination of the king. Another answer is based on the Medrash that Esther asked that Mordechai be ...


5

Pirkei Avos says: "Hevei mispallel b'shloma shel malchus" - Pray for the peace of the government. Even though there is no concept of lo ta'amod for Mordechai to adhere to, the assassination of the King would lead to severe sociopolitical upheaval. As subjects to the kingdom, it is our obligation to maintain, or at the very least pray for, the general order. ...


5

Esther 2:8 uses the term "Vatilakach" - she was taken. While it doesn't clearly imply "forcibly", there are several hints that this was mandatory. One is 2:3 that says that the king should gather EVERY virgin girl. The text alone doesn't state that Esther was married, so she might have been a betulah. Even if we follow the explanations that she was ...


5

I looked at the commentaries on this, but didn't find anything. If i had to take a guess, i'd say they are the 7 girls given to Ester while in the harem (see 2:9 -- וְאֵת שֶׁבַע הַנְּעָרוֹת הָרְאֻיוֹת לָתֶת לָהּ מִבֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ). These girls are also mentioned in Ester 4:4: וַתָּבוֹאנָה נַעֲרוֹת אֶסְתֵּר וְסָרִיסֶיהָ So, it's highly likely that these ...


5

Sefer Ginzei Margoliyos in his Ginzei Nistaros on Megilas Esther ponders this and explains as follows. Haman could not control himself until the time of killing all the Jews as he was incensed by Mordechai's refusal to stand up for him. Haman's plan was to get other's to hang Mordechai thus it will remain a secret that he was the one behind this plot. My ...


4

You're mixing up one important point: the original decree was not overturned. Achashverosh says explicitly that it cannot be overturned (8:8). The second decree in Sivan merely gave the Jews the right of self-defense, to stand up and kill anyone who tries to attack them (8:11). Indeed when the day came the enemies tried to attack per the first decree and ...


4

A good question. The Aramaic Targum repeats the ambiguity of the passage, "אנא ועולימתי נצום" (Me and my young women will fast), and there is almost no discussion of this issue in the classic biblical commentaries. The only explanation I could find was in Ibn Ezra (in his second commentary to Esther), who writes that these girls are "השפחות" (the female ...


3

The Chassam Sofer* says that accepting the fact that a king has been appointed by Hashem and has some of Hashem's glory is included in the fact that we must fear and honor a king as a point of fearing and honoring Hashem. There are indecent people who only fear the king in front of him, like someone who fears a robber, but in secret they mock him. This is ...


3

Rashi in Sanhedrin 30a says: בעל החלום. שר המראה חלומות בלילה The Master of Dreams is some sort of celestial messenger in charge of what you see when you dream. On the other hand, Chazal (Brachot 55b) knew that you tend to dream about what you thought about during the day. אין מראין לו לאדם אלא מהרהורי לבו So possibly this Master of Dreams is ...


2

I once heard this question asked at an Arachim function. The answer given was that although Koresh had the utensils returned, not all of them made it back and therefore Achashveirosh used the ones that he still had. I have not seen a written source for this though.


2

Megillas Ester is actually the only exception to the normal rule that you must hear only the voice of the reader (OK, Hallel also, but no one fulfills Hallel by listening nowadays). Megillah 21b: תנו רבנן בתורה אחד קורא ואחד מתרגם ובלבד שלא יהא אחד קורא ושנים מתרגמין ובנביא אחד קורא ושנים מתרגמין ובלבד שלא יהו שנים קורין ושנים מתרגמין ובהלל ובמגילה ...


2

Rava (Bavli 12) sees it in 1:9, which says Vashti made a party for women in the king's home: he says she must have made it there rather than in her own home because she intended sin [presumably lewd intermingling].


2

It seems to me that the issue was to uproot any supporters of Haman left in Shushan, especially within the government\palace. This is why she had Haman's son's hanged, and the people killed were probably affiliated with Haman's family. The purpose was to solidify Mordechai's position and to make sure the Jews would be secure for years to come.


2

I don't agree with the premise of the question: "...the Megilat Esther says the Jews of the city of Shushan (the capital) needed/took an extra day to fight for their survival. " Initially, after Haman was killed, permission was granted for the Jews to defend themselves on the 13th Adar - and to kill their enemies. For some reason, Esther asked for ...


2

The Halacha is very clear about this. For example, the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in סימן קמא - הלכות מגלה says: הַקוֹרֵא אֶת הַמְּגִלָּה, צָרִיךְ לְכַוֵּן לְהוֹצִיא אֶת כָּל הַשּׁוֹמְעִים. וְגַם הַשּׁוֹמֵעַ צָרִיךְ לְכַוֵּן לָצֵאת וְלִשְׁמֹעַ כָּל תֵּבָה וְתֵבָה, שֶׁאֲפִלּו אִם רַק תֵּבָה אַחַת לֹא שָׁמַע, אֵינוֹ יוֹצֵא. וְלָכֵן צָרִיךְ הַקּוֹרֵא ...


2

As Rabbi Norman Lamm has observed, the megillah is "words of peace and truth." The truth had to be put in "peaceful" terms that would not offend the government publishing this work! There's a midrash that all this partying and skirt-chasing had drained Achashverosh's coffers, necessitating this tax. Now you couldn't say, "now the king was broke ...", so you ...


2

The Megillah writes that after Esther was appointed Queen, Achashveirosh suspended taxes. (Esther 2:18) At the end of the Megillah (Esther 10:1), it completes the story by reinstating taxes. One possible explanation: One opinion holds that he discounted taxes as an incentive to Esther to reveal her nation and origin. Once she did so (in the course of the ...


2

If you notice passuk 9:22 is slightly changed and mentions that it turned from mourning to a good day,but the establishment for the future is only mishteh and simcha. Megillah daf 5b the gemara explains that hesped and taanis they accepted no to perform but to refrain from melacha they did not accept based off the two pessukim you mention and the discrepancy ...


1

I think that re-reading the Megila may actually suggest that Hamman DID wait till morning to go to the king. The king was unable to fall asleep and so they read to him the Book of Memories, but i think that between Pasuk ג' and ד' a few hours have passed and it was already the morning. The reasons i belive that that would seem the most reasonable answer are: ...


1

The following answer was given by Ohr Sameach, "Ask the Rabbi". It gives three reasons as to why Mordechai did not bow. The third reason is an interesting take on the matter. It basically says that the king himself had exempted Mordechai from the command to bow. It explains why Haman had to come up with a totally different reason for killing the Jews. Had ...


1

Mordechai was a major figure for the Jews. His refusal to bow down took place in public. Let's presume that, as Rashi writes, he did not bow down to Haman because Haman wore/became an Avoda Zara. Both bowing to an idol and doing any sin in public (Chillul Hashem) are sins for which one must put oneself in danger rather than transgress. A Jew is forbidden to ...


1

The Ibn Ezra (ad loc.) says that "the land and the islands of the sea" refers to lands that were technically outside of the empire of Achashveirosh. Nevertheless they capitulated to Achashveirosh and paid him tributes. This fits the context of the following verse, which juxtaposes the power and might of the deeds of Achashveirosh with the ascendancy of ...


1

The massacre at the end of the purim story presumably created a labor shortage and workers' wages went up but the number of tax payers went down. To keep the cash flow steady, taxes had to be increased. (We wouldn't want the workers to become too wealthy or they may have leisure time to write Federalist Papers and such)


1

The Shulchan Arukh (in O'C 692:1) writes: ולאחריה נוהגין לברך: הרב את ריבנו וכו. After [reading the megillah] it is the customary to say the blessing harav et riveinu etc. The Mishnah Berura (#4) comments there: כי בגמרא איתא דברכה דלאחריה תליא במנהגא במקום שנוהגים לברך יברך ולכן כתב המחבר דהאידנא נוהגים לברך This is because the Gemara ...


1

The Malbin always explains that שָׂשׂוֹן is the external manifestation of happiness, and שִׂמְחָה is feeling happy. See, for example, the Malbim on ישעיה Posuk 22:13 וְהִנֵּה שָׂשׂוֹן וְשִׂמְחָה הָרֹג בָּקָר וְשָׁחֹט צֹאן אָכֹל בָּשָׂר וְשָׁתוֹת יָיִן אָכוֹל וְשָׁתוֹ כִּי מָחָר נָמוּת: שמחה היא שמחת הלב הפנימית, וששון היא המחול והריקוד והמשתה אשר יעשו ...



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