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4

I too was always bothered as to the origins of this word, until I saw the following Midrash Lekach Tov on Parshas Beha'aloscha: ומהו לשון סנהדרין, סין זה תורה שניתנה מהר סיני, הדרין שמהדרין התורה במדרשה ומיפים ומישרין הכתוב זה עם זה-"What is the meaning of the term 'Sanhedrin'? 'Sin' refers to the Torah which was given from Mount 'Sin'ai, 'hadrin': since ...


2

The עיקר תוי"ט on Mishna 9:5 in Sanhedrin (the one you quoted) brings a verse to explain why he deserves to be put to death; because he doesn't care about his life. דגברא בר קטלא הוא בידי שמים, וקרובי הוא דלא מקרב קטלי'. וכיון דקא מוותר ליה לנפשיה לעבירות של כרת, מקרבים ליה לקטלה עלויה. ורמיזא בקרא דכתיב תְּמוֹתֵת רָשָׁע רָעָה (תהילים ל"ד:כ"ב). ...


1

In a related question, I cited a very interesting article by Dr Eli Turkel in Tradition (The nature and limitations of rabbinic authority). He writes there (pp. 83-84) […] community leaders only have religious authority if they are followed by a majority of the community […] In modern times, no single organization is accepted as authoritative by al ...


1

I'm afraid I don't understand how 3) is a question. If anything, it seems to be the answer to 1) and 2). Which is to say: It is human nature for a man to defend his property even at risk of life. The ba bamachteres knows this and still pursues the theft. The assumption is that he would murder the homeowner if confronted. As such, the chidush is that he is ...


1

I have a theory of why this method of execution is described. My theory is that the point of this Gemara is to provide an extreme example of the extent of the Sanhedrin's authority. The Gemara does not say that "this is what must be done to these people" but rather says that "this is what may be done" Below is an article detailing a gruesome method of ...



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