Hot answers tagged maseches-rosh-hashana
Actually, a list isn't hard to compile at all- it was already done by the mishna! Meseches Ediyus, chapter 4, gives a list of 'leniencies of Beis Shammai'.
There are two different types of gzeirah shava specific words were part of the mesorah but the pesukim used and / or the actual item that was derived from the gzeirah shava may not have been part of the mesorah. The content of the limud was part of the mesorah but not the words used in the gzeirah shava. Halichos Olam Shaar 4. See also Ramban sefer ...
I once asked a rebbi of mine this very question, in a different context. The Gemara in Kiddushin 14b discusses a Gezerah Shavah using the word שכיר, a word that is found a number of times in the sections of the Torah that deal with slaves/servants. Tosofos there, s. v. מוכר, takes the liberty of applying this Gezerah Shavah to other instances of the word in ...
It does occur sometimes in Midrashei Halacha. See for example Bava Kamma 10b: תשלומי נזק מלמד שהבעלים מטפלין בנבילה מנא הני מילי אמר ר' אמי דאמר קרא (ויקרא כד, יח) מכה נפש בהמה ישלמנה אל תקרי ישלמנה אלא ישלימנה ‘“To compensate for damage" imports that the owners [plaintiffs] have to retain the carcass as part payment’. What is the authority for this ...
Rambam hilchot "kiddush hachodeh" chapter 5, halachot 8-11 states that: a) The distance the messengers reached were different every year (depending on political borders, weather, and number of shabbas/holidays in which they couldn't travel). Note that the maximum distance is 10 days journey (excluding shabbas/holidays). Basically, there were places that ...
According to Mishneh Torah Erechin V'Charamin 6:1, הקדש goes to the Temple treasury by default, but חרם goes to the Kohanim by default unless the person consecrating it specifies that it is to go to the temple treasury. This is based on Numbers 18:14 which gives "All cherem in Israel" to the Kohanim.
Gemara Rosh Hashana 17b עיני ה' אלהיך בה עתים לטובה עתים לרעה עתים לטובה כיצד הרי שהיו ישראל רשעים גמורין בראש השנה ופסקו להם גשמים מועטים לסוף חזרו בהן להוסיף עליהן אי אפשר שכבר נגזרה גזרה אלא הקב"ה מורידן בזמנן על הארץ הצריכה להן הכל לפי הארץ עתים לרעה כיצד הרי שהיו ישראל צדיקים גמורין בר"ה ופסקו עליהן גשמים מרובין לסוף חזרו בהן לפחות מהן אי אפשר שכבר ...
In Kuntres Umayon, it speaks about that on Rosh Hashana, it can be decreed, for example, that they'll be a lot of rain, and if later you're not deserving, you'll get the rain in the wrong place, or vice versa.
Rosh Hashanah 16a: Rav Yosef said: Like whom do we hold that we pray nowadays for the sick and ailing? Like whom? Like Rabbi Yosi! [who says that "a person is judged every day"] And if you'd rather, I'll answer per Rabbi Yitzchak, who said that "crying out is good for a person, whether before or after the verdict." Trans. mine, except words ...
It's complicated, but one suggestion among many: It could be determined on Rosh Hashana that someone will have "a difficult year." However, their daily prayers can affect just how difficult it will prove to be; how well they'll tolerate (and learn and grow from) that difficulty, and in what ways that difficulty will play out. (Remind me please, there's a ...
Aruch Hashulchan Yoreh Deah 257 says that according to the Rambam and the Ran one would have done the Aveira of Baal T'acher by Tzedaka immediately if they do not give the Tzedaka right away.
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