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6

There are two answers to this question both found in Shulchan Aruch Yoreh Deah 157 seen here. First, see the Ramma who says that the type decree which necessitates giving up one's life is only a decree leveled against jews alone, עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל לְבַדָּם, not a decree which includes other people as well, as Shach #6 there explains. And as wiki says: ...


5

The difficulty in understanding the Rashi on a simplistic level is that no sacrifice atones for intentional sin. However, if you look at the actual text of the Midrash which Rashi is basing himself off of (Bamidbar Rabba 13:14), the atonement of this sacrifice was for something much more specific. The Medrash recounts how Yehuda was responsible for dipping ...


4

The gemara (Sanhedrin 74a) lists three sins which a person should choose not to transgress, even at the expense of his life. They are idolatry, murder, and sexual impropriety. According to Ramba"m, one must also die to avoid public desecration of God's name (e.g. if someone threatens to kill you if you do not perform a sin in public) or when there is a ...


3

THIS IS ALL PURELY THEORETICAL!!!! In broad terms, that's precisely the Talmud's argument. Though I think you mean verse 26. Talmud Pesachim, 25b: דתניא ר' אומר (דברים כב) כי כאשר יקום איש על רעהו ורצחו נפש כן הדבר הזה וכי מה ענין רוצח אצל נערה המאורסה הרי זה בא ללמד ונמצא למד מקיש רוצח לנערה המאורסה מה נערה המאורסה ניתן להצילה בנפשו אף רוצח ניתן ...


2

At the end of the day, it was a mitzvah from Moshe to the meraglim. Secondly, the fruits' incredible qualities were undeniable. Not bringing them back for klal yisrael to see would prevent the nation from making their own judgments about the land's bounty. At least Calev and yehoshua could make a stronger case with the evidence.


2

In Tshuvas Bnei Banim chelek 1, siman 41, Rabbi Y.H. Henkin discusses this at length. He leans heavily on the opinion that this was not meant to be taken literally. So however stringent this transgression is, one would not be required to give up their life. He quotes many sources so you can check those up and decide for yourself. He has arguments in the ...


2

The first source is multiple, a mishna, a berayta with Rabbi Akiva, Rishonim. Mishna Berachoth 9, 5 (pasted here from the Gemara with Soncino's translation)"'WITH ALL THY SOUL' MEANS, EVEN THOUGH HE TAKES THY SOUL [LIFE]" but the verse cited is the second verse and not the first. Gemara Berachoth 61B When R`Akiba was taken. He prolonged the word ehad ...


2

There is a verse that seems to say to live through or by means of the mitzvot. We shall see later that this is not quite an injunction. The verse say's "VeHay Bahem". We will begin the study of the subject by the following assertion. (Gemara Sanhedrin 74A) תניא א''ר ישמעאל מנין שאם אמרו לו לאדם עבוד עבודת כוכבים ואל תהרג מנין שיעבוד ואל יהרג ת''ל {ויקרא ...


2

I see this in Tosfot Yebamot 103a: Gemara says: אמר רבי יוחנן שבע בעילות בעל אותו רשע באותו היום שנאמר {שופטים ה-כז} בין רגליה כרע נפל שכב בין רגליה כרע נפל באשר כרע שם נפל שדוד והא קא מתהניא מעבירה אמר רבי יוחנן משום ר''ש בן יוחי כל טובתן של רשעים רעה היא אצל צדיקים ‏ Rabbi Johanan Said: That profligate had seven sexual connections on that ...


2

Regarding your initial assumptions: 1) I recall a kina in which the children of R' Yishmael (haKohen Gadol) are put in a dark room together and forced to have relations. As noted by @kouty there is no indication that they actually had relations. 2) At the end of the kina they recognize each other and kill themselves. As noted by @kouty there is no ...


1

In short it is to fullfill the commandment to love Hashem with all your soul See the second source of the excellent answer above Brings that Rabbi Akiva explains that to love Hashem "With all thy soul" means even if He takes away thy soul. That the gemoro bings an example of this by going against the law to keep Hashem's commandments/will ...


1

As Daniel wrote the three averot that one must not do even to avoid death are Avoda Zara (idolatry), murder, and Gilui Arayut (sexual impropriety) Rabbi Nevanzal (his books of the parasha) explained why are these three are the averot that one must not do even to avoid death. He explains that these three are working against the way of life... 1 - Avoda ...


1

You ask, “Is a distinction made for when the existence of the entire Jewish people is threatened vs. just that of an individual (e.g. in the days of Haman or the Holocaust)?” In Halacha 1, Rambam says, Should a gentile arise and force a Jew to violate one of the Torah's commandments at the pain of death, he should violate the commandment rather ...



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