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Fish were not harmed: the Gemara notes that marine life was not harmed by the Mabul. (Sanhedrin 108a, quoted by Rashi on Bereshis 7:22) that were on the dry land: But not the fish, which were in the sea. — [Sanh. 108a] Maharsha says that only the water that covered the land was boiling hot. Others say that a cone of water under the ark was ...


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According to the Haamek Davar (9:9), Noach had grandchildren who survived the flood: 7:1's "and your whole household" includes those grandchildren (and servants and personal animals).


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תענית דף ז עמוד ב Taanis 7B אמר רבי תנחום בר חנילאי אין הגשמים יורדים אלא א"כ נמחלו עונותיהן של ישראל שנאמר רצית ה' ארצך שבת שבות יעקב נשאת עון עמך כסית כל חטאתם סלה


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The animals before and after the flood were also all vegetarian. They only started to eat meat after the flood. Also, since the food supply in the ark was miraculous, Noach probably had a miraculous type of food (like the mannah in the dessert) that suited each animal as it needed. As we see in Bereishis 1:30 ל וּלְכָל חַיַּת הָאָרֶץ וּלְכָל עוֹף ...


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The entire survival and spread of people and animals after they left the ark was by a miracle. For example, there was not enough of any species in the ark to allow for a critical mass for the next generation to survive. Consider the passenger pigeon which became extinct when the flock size dropped below the millions within historical times. Thus, both the ...


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Rav Hirsch says that the tahor animals were to be those that are fit for Jews to eat. Thus we can say that the order applied to what we would consider "kosher" and giraffes would be included. While Rav Hirsch also says that the "seven" means seven pairs, I have seen a reference that it was seven animals to mean 3 pairs and the seventh animal was the one used ...


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One of the sources is Rashi on Bereshis 7:12 in which he comments ויהי הגשם על הארץ. There, he says that initially the rain descended slowly, so if the people repented, the rain would be a blessing and just water the crops. But when the people refused to repent the rain turned into a mabul: ויהי הגשם על הארץ: ולהלן הוא אומר (פסוק יז) ויהי המבול, אלא ...


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See Rashi on chapter 8 verse 4 where he deduces based on the dates given how submerged in the water the Teiva was - 11 cubits. An interesting point from which we can derive with a bit of calculation and Archimedes' priniciple, a possibly even more fascinating point: that it weighed around 15,645 metric tonnes (based on Rabbi Hadar Margolin's proposition that ...


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This is in addition to the answer posted above based on the Lubavitcher Rebbe. This addition addresses the contradiction comment to that answer. The answer that Noach was reluctant to leave is in addition the fact that being explicitly commanded to "Enter the Ark" (Bereishis 7:1), he was not allowed to leave until explicitly commanded by G-d to "Go out of ...



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