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8

Let's not forget the next prohibition on the Rambam's list (#154): The 154th prohibition is that we are forbidden from giving the agricultural gifts out of order; rather, we must give them in the proper order. Separating Terumot and Maaserot before separating Bikkurim violates one of the 613 Torah commandments (Mishna Terumot 3:6-7). So in practice ...


7

The Mitzva applies in all places and at all times, even today and even outside of Israel. (Bechorot 9:1) However, since nowadays we can't offer the animals as Korbanot and we'd have to wait for the animal to get a blemish in order to eat it, there was a rabbinic enactment not to fulfill the Mitzva lest people come to sin by eating it before it got a ...


6

See Chazon Ish (D’mai 3:12) proves that modern coins may be used even though they have no intrinsic value, and offers a possible explanation as to why that logic does not apply to paper money which traditionally has not been used for these purposes. (footnote 16 on article "THE HUNT FOR THE PERUTAH CHAMURAH" by Rabbi Dovid Cohen ...


4

Number 1 ( Agree to the parents' request and don't give ma'aser ). That's what Rabbi Dovid Feinstein told me. The reason he gave for this was that it is a present with a stipulation. He also said that if the gift is large, there is an assumed stipulation and one need not give. His mashal (example) was a car. I asked what's the smallest large amount one can ...


4

Rabbi David Feinstein rules that Maaser ksafim only comes into play after one pays all of his living expenses, including food rent tuition clothing etc. Whatever money is put away as extra is subject to the minhag we call Maaser Ksafim. Reb Elyashev has gone on record to say that paying for children's weddings is part of one's cost of living so all money put ...


4

About 10 Years ago, I asked a similar question to a posek by the name of Rabbi Yonasan Wiener in Jerusalem and he replied "if you can't make ends meet, you're not obligated in maaser." However, I read in a book on Rabbi Pinchas Sheinberg that a couple with a very difficult financial situation went to ask him whether they were obligated to take maaser. He ...


3

A) One can only redeem Ma'aser Sheini on coins - that is well codified, starting with the Mishna, all the way through to the Shulchan Aruch. Bank notes are not coins, and do not qualify. To quote the Rambam in הלכות מעשר שני ונטע רבעי פרק ד: ט) אין פודין פירות מעשר אלא בכסף, שנאמר "וצרת הכסף" (דברים יד,כה); וכן אם פדה לעצמו והוסיף חומש, לא יהיה החומש ...


3

When I received unemployment insurance, I took out ma'aser. One of the reasons is that even an ani who gets tzedaka is required to give ma'aser from that tzedakah. I keep a virtual quicken account to keep track of ma'aser and add 10% of income to this virtual ledger. Whenever I give tzedakah, I subtract the amount of the tzedakah from the virtual ledger. ...


2

You will find this question in the Shulchan Aruch, 169:2. It says there that if you know that the recipient will not make a Bracha, it is Assur to give food to this person. The Mishna Berurah questions if one can give the food B'Toras Tzedaka. His answer is that one should not withhold the food because of of the Mitzvah of charity. However, if the recipient ...


2

See the 2nd paragraph, here, based on primarily sources from Choshen Mishpat: Money that is given as a gift by parents or friends for a specific purpose, e.g. to purchase a car or go on a vacation, is not considered income, and Maaser need not be separated from it. (based on Choshen Mishpat 241:5) Your parents saved it for a specific purpose, and ...


2

No, the government does not ensure that terumot and maasrot are taken. Stands with a teudah are ensured by the Rabbanut. I read in a guide for Anglos in Israel that in a case such as this where there is a doubt if the produce had been tithed, the tithes should be separated (again) without the accompanying blessings. As for tasting food at a shuk, I've ...


2

The Shulchan Aruch in Yoreh De'ah 249 סימן רמט - כמה חייב ליתן וכיצד יתננה says that the first year one decides to start keeping Ma'aser Kesafim, on separates 1/5 or 1/10 of one's capital. After that, every year one separates 1/5 or 1/10 of the profit on one's income. Since he starts with יִתֵּן עַד חֹמֶשׁ נְכָסָיו it would seem that he considers all one's ...


2

Maaser on income is based on Bereishis 28:22 וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר תִּתֶּן לִי עַשֵּׂר אֲעַשְּׂרֶנּוּ לָךְ And everything that You give me, I will surely tithe [lit. take a tenth] to You. This implies that one should/must give a tenth of one's income, regardless of whether it was earned through agriculture or not. However, there is no verse stating or ...


2

The one Av we find mentioning maaser outright was Yaakov in parshas Vayeitzei chapter 28 verse 22. That Maaser is explaned by Rashbam to be Korbanos. Radak, Seichel Tov and Pirkei diRabi Eliazar all explain it was a separating of one of his children for heavenly servitude, a job detail Levi filled. Only Rashi in chapter 32 verse 14 seems to learn it was an ...


1

I have spent time over several days unsuccessfully trying to locate my copy of "Eye of the Needle" (which incidentally I see is recommended in the link you provided) but in the index there is a copy of the Jewish Observer article which you and your source have mentioned. My recollection of the article is that it didn't merely mention this idea in his name ...


1

Rash"i there states that he gave 1/10 of all his assets ("מעשר מכל אשר לו") - which should mean his sheep, cattle, money, etc. I think the booty from the war may have been excluded, because we see a verse or two later, that he returned this to the King of Sodom. Thus, it wasn't his property. (Logically inferred, and further proof from Avraham's response to ...


1

Basically, ma'aser is given on net income rather than gross income. My Rav has said that the basic concept is that one treats 'income' as the net after expenses. Taxes are considered as expenses in this view. As a result, when calculating ma'aser, taxes withheld are treated as expenses and tax refunds are treated as income. The comment above by @bondonk ...


1

For the five gifts of Terumah Gedolah/Terumat Maaser/Maaser Rishon/Maaser Sheni/Maaser Ani: Chochmat Adam (Shaarei Tzedek 10:13) writes that the relevant blessings are Lehafrish Teruma/Terumat Maaser/Maaser/Maaser Sheni/Maaser Ani. Be'er Moshe (5:107:4) writes that while he thinks the Rash held the blessings would be Lehafrish Teruma/Terumat ...


1

R Avrohom Yeshaya Karelitz (Chazon Ish Shevi'it 5:12) writes that were we to give Maaser Rishon nowadays to Leviyim on the basis that they claim the Levi Aliya in Shul, more people would lie and pretend to be Leviyim because of the financial benefit. However, most authorities seem to think that Maaser Rishon (taken from certain Tevel) should (at least ...


1

School tuition may even count towards one's maaser if necessary! See: http://doseofhalacha.blogspot.co.uk/2014/03/maaser-for-tuition.html The Shulchan Aruch (YD 245:4) writes that parents have an obligation to teach their sons Torah or hire another to teach on their behalf. Many Poskim (Aruch Hashulchan YD 249:10; Chofetz Chaim, Ahavas Chesed 2:19:2) ...



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