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8

Let's not forget the next prohibition on the Rambam's list (#154): The 154th prohibition is that we are forbidden from giving the agricultural gifts out of order; rather, we must give them in the proper order. Separating Terumot and Maaserot before separating Bikkurim violates one of the 613 Torah commandments (Mishna Terumot 3:6-7). So in practice ...


7

The Mitzva applies in all places and at all times, even today and even outside of Israel. (Bechorot 9:1) However, since nowadays we can't offer the animals as Korbanot and we'd have to wait for the animal to get a blemish in order to eat it, there was a rabbinic enactment not to fulfill the Mitzva lest people come to sin by eating it before it got a ...


6

See Chazon Ish (D’mai 3:12) proves that modern coins may be used even though they have no intrinsic value, and offers a possible explanation as to why that logic does not apply to paper money which traditionally has not been used for these purposes. (footnote 16 on article "THE HUNT FOR THE PERUTAH CHAMURAH" by Rabbi Dovid Cohen ...


5

Welcome to J.SE, good questions. Suppose I start with 100 lbs. of flour. First I give a small amount, known as Terumah, to the Kohen. That leaves 98 lbs. of flour. I tithe the remaining flour (9.8 lbs); that's called Maaser Rishon, and it's given to the Levites. (Rambam laws of Maaser 1:1). The Levite then tithes what he gets, i.e. 0.98 lbs of flour, and ...


4

The sefer Tal Oros Vol. 3, Chapter 18 discusses this issue in great detail, and the following is a summary of his main points: The Kesef Mishnah comments on the Rambam that the fine that Ezra instituted "in his time" was not to give the Ma'aser Rishon to the Levi'im at all, only to the Kohanim. But in the generations after Ezra they instituted that it could ...


4

Rabbi David Feinstein rules that Maaser ksafim only comes into play after one pays all of his living expenses, including food rent tuition clothing etc. Whatever money is put away as extra is subject to the minhag we call Maaser Ksafim. Reb Elyashev has gone on record to say that paying for children's weddings is part of one's cost of living so all money put ...


3

When I received unemployment insurance, I took out ma'aser. One of the reasons is that even an ani who gets tzedaka is required to give ma'aser from that tzedakah. I keep a virtual quicken account to keep track of ma'aser and add 10% of income to this virtual ledger. Whenever I give tzedakah, I subtract the amount of the tzedakah from the virtual ledger. ...


3

A) One can only redeem Ma'aser Sheini on coins - that is well codified, starting with the Mishna, all the way through to the Shulchan Aruch. Bank notes are not coins, and do not qualify. To quote the Rambam in הלכות מעשר שני ונטע רבעי פרק ד: ט) אין פודין פירות מעשר אלא בכסף, שנאמר "וצרת הכסף" (דברים יד,כה); וכן אם פדה לעצמו והוסיף חומש, לא יהיה החומש ...


3

About 10 Years ago, I asked a similar question to a posek by the name of Rabbi Yonasan Wiener in Jerusalem and he replied "if you can't make ends meet, you're not obligated in maaser." However, I read in a book on Rabbi Pinchas Sheinberg that a couple with a very difficult financial situation went to ask him whether they were obligated to take maaser. He ...


2

Maaser on income is based on Bereishis 28:22 וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר תִּתֶּן לִי עַשֵּׂר אֲעַשְּׂרֶנּוּ לָךְ And everything that You give me, I will surely tithe [lit. take a tenth] to You. This implies that one should/must give a tenth of one's income, regardless of whether it was earned through agriculture or not. However, there is no verse stating or ...


2

The Shulchan Aruch in Yoreh De'ah 249 סימן רמט - כמה חייב ליתן וכיצד יתננה says that the first year one decides to start keeping Ma'aser Kesafim, on separates 1/5 or 1/10 of one's capital. After that, every year one separates 1/5 or 1/10 of the profit on one's income. Since he starts with יִתֵּן עַד חֹמֶשׁ נְכָסָיו it would seem that he considers all one's ...


2

You will find this question in the Shulchan Aruch, 169:2. It says there that if you know that the recipient will not make a Bracha, it is Assur to give food to this person. The Mishna Berurah questions if one can give the food B'Toras Tzedaka. His answer is that one should not withhold the food because of of the Mitzvah of charity. However, if the recipient ...


2

See the 2nd paragraph, here, based on primarily sources from Choshen Mishpat: Money that is given as a gift by parents or friends for a specific purpose, e.g. to purchase a car or go on a vacation, is not considered income, and Maaser need not be separated from it. (based on Choshen Mishpat 241:5) Your parents saved it for a specific purpose, and ...


1

Rash"i there states that he gave 1/10 of all his assets ("מעשר מכל אשר לו") - which should mean his sheep, cattle, money, etc. I think the booty from the war may have been excluded, because we see a verse or two later, that Avram (his name hadn't been changed, yet) returned this to the King of Sodom. Thus, it wasn't his property.


1

No, the government does not ensure that terumot and maasrot are taken. Stands with a teudah are ensured by the Rabbanut. I read in a guide for Anglos in Israel that in a case such as this where there is a doubt if the produce had been tithed, the tithes should be separated (again) without the accompanying blessings. As for tasting food at a shuk, I've ...


1

Basically, ma'aser is given on net income rather than gross income. My Rav has said that the basic concept is that one treats 'income' as the net after expenses. Taxes are considered as expenses in this view. As a result, when calculating ma'aser, taxes withheld are treated as expenses and tax refunds are treated as income. The comment above by @bondonk ...


1

For the five gifts of Terumah Gedolah/Terumat Maaser/Maaser Rishon/Maaser Sheni/Maaser Ani: Chochmat Adam (Shaarei Tzedek 10:13) writes that the relevant blessings are Lehafrish Teruma/Terumat Maaser/Maaser/Maaser Sheni/Maaser Ani. Be'er Moshe (5:107:4) writes that while he thinks the Rash held the blessings would be Lehafrish Teruma/Terumat ...


1

R Avrohom Yeshaya Karelitz (Chazon Ish Shevi'it 5:12) writes that were we to give Maaser Rishon nowadays to Leviyim on the basis that they claim the Levi Aliya in Shul, more people would lie and pretend to be Leviyim because of the financial benefit. However, most authorities seem to think that Maaser Rishon (taken from certain Tevel) should (at least ...


1

School tuition may even count towards one's maaser if necessary! See: http://doseofhalacha.blogspot.co.uk/2014/03/maaser-for-tuition.html The Shulchan Aruch (YD 245:4) writes that parents have an obligation to teach their sons Torah or hire another to teach on their behalf. Many Poskim (Aruch Hashulchan YD 249:10; Chofetz Chaim, Ahavas Chesed 2:19:2) ...



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