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11

The Torah made it very clear (Deuteronomy 12:5-18) that once the Jews would reach "the rest and inheritance ...the place G-d will choose" (i.e. the Temple in Jerusalem), that would be the place for sacrificial service. The Second Temple was destroyed by the Romans around the year 70, and thus there haven't been sacrifices since. Thus, many of the roles of ...


9

Shulchan Aruch O"C 135:12: עיר שכולה כהנים אם יש ישראל אחד ביניהם אותו ישראל קורא ראשון מפני דרכי שלום וכל שאין בהם ישראל כדי סיפוקם או שאין שם ישראל כלל קורא כהן אחר כהן שאין שם משום פגם שהכל יודעים שאין שם אלא כהנים והוא הדין לעיר שכולה לוים:‏ A city in which all are Kohanim, If there is one Yisrael among them, he's called up first because of ...


6

They are neither a Cohen nor a Levi nor a Yisrael. They are a Ger. Gerim are a different status as evidenced by the list of different ancestral statuses in the Mishna in Kiddushin 4:1, and by certain rules pertaining to them such as their ability to marry a mamzer, and their inability to marry a Cohen (Rambam Issurei Biah 15:7 and 18:3).


6

He certainly can. All that needs to happen is to have everyone else in the room be of the same lineage as himself, or at most only one member of a different lineage (Shulchan Aruch OC 135:12). Alternatively, if all he is interested in doing is reading it and not neccesarily getting the Aliyah, he can serve as the Baal Keriya for the Haftarah if the minyan is ...


6

The source for this is in Gittin 59b: כהן אחר כהן לא יקרא משום פגמו של ראשון Translation: kohen should not read after kohen because this implies a blemish of the first kohen.


5

Rabbi Ovadia Yosef (Yalkut Yosef Mo'adim pg. 101) rules that a Cohen may be called up for Maftir Yonah: Kitzur Yalkut Yosef 622:9: כהן שזכה בקניית עליית מפטיר של מנחת יום הכפורים, כי נכספה וגם כלתה נפשו לקרוא בהפטרת יונה, יש לו על מה שיסמוך שיעלה לעליית מפטיר, אחר שקראו כהן ולוי. ובלבד שיאמר השליח צבור, ואף על פי שהוא כהן יעמוד למפטיר A Cohen ...


5

Answer: Levites: 4%, Priests: 4%. A scientific article which deals with the genetics of priests and Levites quotes a book from 1999 (not available for reading online) which estimates Levites and priests each at 4% of the general Jewish population. Source: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000292970763626X#bbib6 Referenced book: "The genetic ...


4

It's actually not so much because of practicality, but because the prerequisites for Yovel are that all Jews are living in the land of Israel, and each tribe in their designated territory. (So even if all of the land were under Jewish control, there's still the fact that almost no one knows what tribe they're from. See the discussion in the comments here.) ...


4

It's based on the Zohar Nasso 146b and is noted as an old minhag in both Ashkenaz and Sefarad by the Beit Yosef (OC 128). In the Shulchan Aruch he codifies this practice in OC 128:6. It seems the reasoning in the Zohar is that the Kohanim need to somehow up their kedusha level by washing as a preparation for the blessing, and by having a Levi, who has his ...


3

The Gemara simply talks about a kohen washing hands. It's the Zohar that says a Levi should do it. If no Levi is available, the job is given to a firstborn; if no firstborn is available, the kohen just washes his own hands. I strongly suspect that if the Levi doesn't want to do it, just ignore him and go find a firstborn. (Conflict-of-interest disclaimer ...


3

The Rambam writes (Hilchot Klei HaMikdash VeHaOvdim Bo 3:12) regarding the division of the Levite families: שמואל הרואה ודויד המלך, חילקו הלויים לעשרים וארבע משמרות; ועובד משמר בכל שבת. וכל אנשי המשמר, מחלק אותם ראש המשמר לבתי אבות; וכל יום מימי השבת, עובדים בו אנשים ידועים. וראשי האבות מחלקין אלו העובדים ביום שלהן, איש איש על עבודתו.‏ Samuel ...


2

It seems that according to Divrei Hayamim, chapter 23 that the leviim were broken up into 24 groups each with their own "Rosh Avot". It is hard to tell if they assigned themselves, or were assigned based on the Kohen in charge of such things. However, it seems strongly implied that it was the Cohen who gave orders to the Leviim who were not singing or on ...


2

In regard to the "af-al-pi shehu kohen", we are Ashkenazim and my husband is a Cohen. Some years ago we spent Shabbat in Venice, Italy. By the time they got around to asking my husband who he was, they had already passed Cohen. So they said, "No problem." They called him up as Chamishi, with the addendum of "af-al-pi..." So here's a case of not even ...


1

The name levi is a big indicator, true, but don't take for granted that a name is what it says it is. For example, in my community, I know two families whose full names are Cohen and are not Kohanim. Maybe it is different by Leviim, but probably not, because it will go on the same line of logic that people adopt names (if they were fleeing a country for ...



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