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11

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 280:1 תשמיש המטה מתענוגי שבת הוא, לפיכך עונת תלמידי חכמים הבריאים מליל שבת לליל שבת.‏ Marital relations are among the delights ("oneg") of Shabbat, and therefore the time for marital relations for a healthy Torah scholar is from Friday night to Friday night. (translation mine) So the two mitzvot are Oneg Shabat and ...


10

According to this website it is Because Shabbos it self is a queen http://www.askmoses.com/en/article/205,152557/Why-do-we-recite-the-Aishet-Chayil-A-Woman-of-Valor-on-Friday-Night.html


9

http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=48844&st=&pgnum=168 http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=48844&st=&pgnum=169 http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=48844&st=&pgnum=171 http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=48844&st=&pgnum=173 1 - Although L'Chatchila we do not make Kiddush Levana Friday night and on ...


9

The simplest answer is to show gratitude to the woman of the house who lead the preparations for Shabbos. She is likely tired and over-worked and deserves our sincere thanks! Rabbi Eliyahu Lopian zt”l (1872-1970) recounted a great mystery which he set out to solve. When he first came to learn under the Alter of Kelm, Rabbi Simcha ...


8

See the Otzer Dinim U'Minhagim quoted in this answer, discussing Shir HaShirim. Quoting Minhagei Yeshurun, one of the answers is that Friday night is the time of intimacy between a man and wife.


7

Various reasons are given for saying Bameh Madlikin. One is to remind people of the things that need to be done before Shabbos (including the proper wicks and oils to use); however, this is not relevant where people pray Maariv after dark anyway, as is generally the chassidic custom, and they therefore omitted it. (Aruch Hashulchan 270:2; R' Avraham Chaim ...


7

The Avudraham says that we repeat Vayechulu because we are testifying that G-d created the world in 6 days and rested on the 7th. The Halacha is that testimony must have two witnesses and be said standing, and therefore Vayechulu is said together while standing. The Shulchan Aruch Harav, in his Kuntres Acharon to Orach Chaim 268:12, brings the opinion of ...


6

I once heard an answer as follows: The Torah was given on Shabbos, so the first extension of Shabbos was the מאחרים לצאת they did that evening. It was only the following week that they fulfilled ממהרים לבא. A similar answer is that at the time the song is being sung, it is already Shabbos, so the next event that will occur is מאחרים לצאת, not ממהרים לבא. ...


6

The Chasam Sofer answers: People want to start with "yom hashishi" to make the acrostic (with "yom hashishi vay'chulu hashamayim"), but that makes a meaningless half-phrase, so they start with the start of the phrase. They'd start at the start of the pasuk so as not to split a pasuk, but are loath to do so, as the first half of the pasuk ("tov") refers to ...


6

The Minhag Yisroel Torah 271:2 brings in the name of the Maavar Yabok and the Sefer HaChaim from the brother of the Maharal M'Prag that we bless the children Friday night since on Shabbos there is no Satan that is Mekatreg and also the Tzinorei (pipes of) Brachos are open then. Rabbi Yaakov Emden in his Siddur writes that it is a Minhag Yisroel to bless the ...


5

I want to correct and some things that appear in Alex's response above. 1) Saying/learning Bameh madlikin at the beginning of Shabbos is a minhag kadmon, an ancient minhog. That means very old, I don't know exactly, but I could see it being over one thousand years old, and maybe even a good deal longer than that. As stated above Sepharadim say it as well as ...


5

The rules of eating a meal in the same place one made or heard kidush are written among the rules of Friday night's kidush (and applied to both). Thus, the rule (Mishna B'rura 273:25) that cake suffices for this (so one need not immediately eat bread) applies to the nighttime as well as the daytime kidush. (However, even if he is famished during the day and ...


5

1 The Mishna Brurah's explanation is that "we are not established as yerei shamayim [to the extent] that angels accompany us, such we would request they wait for us until we come out." If so, it is a function of the gavra, the status of people nowadays. A lower stature means angels not always accompanying someone. However, this is different from angels ...


5

Although perhaps there is a Sefer that discusses this, I am not aware of it. However my father would go in order of age, oldest to youngest, first all the boys and then all the girls. My father in law would do it in order of age, oldest to youngest mixing the boys and girls. So I guess there are at least 2 different ways that people do it.


4

Strictly speaking, as Shalom wrote, you can probably* rely on the 18 minute "window". Many people do. I have, whenever necessary, arranged with my employers and/or clients to allow me to leave work at a time deemed (by me) adequate to allow me to commute home and prepare for Shabbath and (deemed by them) adequate to allow me to complete my work. This has ...


4

The best thing to do, by far, is to work with your boss to rearrange your schedule so you're not cutting it anywhere near that tight. But for theory's sake, if you somehow find yourself stuck: the most-common practice in North America is to publish candle-lighting times that are 18 minutes prior to sunset. (Among other things, this is to accommodate one ...


4

The berachah is in Siddur R. Amram Gaon, and almost identically in Siddur R. Saadyah Gaon. Both of them also say that it should be prefaced with Vayechulu and the berachah on the wine.


4

This very question is dealt with in chapter 43 of the second volume of אלה הם מועדי by Rabbi Eliyahu Schlesinger of Gilo, Jerusalem. He cites Shlomo Zalman Auerbach who holds that one does recite Al HaNisim in Mincha after lighting the Menorah. (See הליכות שלמה- מועדים,יז:ז) He explains that despite that it's still the 24th of Kislev; it's considered ...


4

As already discussed here , Halacha disallows inviting non Jews on Yom Tov (Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 512:1). However, it is allowed on Shabbat, (Tur Orach Chaim 325). However, there are technical issues that need to be taken into account when inviting non-Jews to a Shabbat tables. Here are some issues: Wine: If it's not cooked (Mevushal) then you have ...


3

In Sefer Chaim Sheyesh Bohem he brings down in the name of Rabbi Mordechai Brisk Zatzal that in Mesechtas Sofrim Perek 21 Halacha 6 that VaYehi Erev is a Posuk on its own and therefore there is no problem saying it as is.


3

The reason not to say a partial pasuk is that we have a rule "not to punctuate the Torah where Moshe Rabenu did not punctuate it." This means that we may not quote phrases or clusters of words in isolation without quoting the entire verse from which they came, lest we presumptuously punctuate the Torah in a 'more preferable' way than the original, or give ...


3

In the Nusach Edot HaMizrach... הַשְׁכִּיבֵנוּ אָבִינוּ לְשָׁלום, וְהַעֲמִידֵנוּ מַלְכֵּנוּ לְחַיִּים טובִים וּלְשָׁלום, וּפְרושׂ עָלֵינוּ סֻכַּת שְׁלומֶךָ וְתַקְּנֵנוּ מַלְכֵּנוּ בְּעֵצָה טובָה מִלְּפָנֶיךָ, וְהושִׁיעֵנוּ מְהֵרָה לְמַעַן שְׁמֶךָ וְהָגֵן בַּעֲדֵנוּ. <> וּפְרושׂ עָלֵינוּ וְעַל יְרוּשָׁלַיִם עִירָךְ סֻכַּת רַחֲמִים ...


3

Rabbi Shlomo ben Eliyahu suggests that based on the Chazal that on Friday night 2 angels escort everyone home, and then if the table is set and prepared the good angel blesses the household that it should be the same in the coming week. The bad angel is forced to respond Amen. Therefore at first they are Malachei Hasharais and then when the 2 angels make ...


2

Chabad stands before "Ufros aleinu" (See Hayom Yom, 2nd Day of Sivan). It does not give a reason, but see here, where it quotes S'fardi prayer books as follows: after Boi Kalah on Friday night: Think that the extra Nefesh has descended in to you. After Barchu, it tells us to think that the extra Ruach has entered, and after Ufros Aleinu, the extra ...


2

Curiouser wanted the Kabbalistic reason, so R' Shneur Zalman of Liadi brings two reasons: In Torah Or, he explains that according to Nigla, one should place the breads one on top of the other, since the source of nigla is Hishtalshelus (the G-dly revelation within the worlds coming down in an orderly and progressive manner [Or Yashar]), and placing the ...


2

Right. Unless you do some maneuvering, the top challah would be the closest, and mitzvas are first-come-first-serve, so all times other than Friday night, you make the bracha on the top one. As for Friday night: we focus on Shabbos vis-a-vis the creation of the world. Then the world was there; but it's passive, serving as a basis for history. Hence, ...


2

Seudah Shlishis has a specific time it should be done, which is roughly Shabbos afternoon (preferably after praying Mincha, but can even be eaten after the time for Mincha has arrived.) See Shulhan Aruch, 291, 2. The SA in OC 289 has a whole section on the laws of the Shabbos morning meal. The fact that the rule of Kiddush Bimakom Seudah still applies for ...


2

Dayan Raskin, in his notes on the Chabad Siddur (page 272, note 97), brings a Reshima of the Rebbe Rashab, 5th Lubavitcher Rebbe. In this note, the Rebbe Rashab points out that the Arizal says one should say "התכבדו מכובדים" before entering the bathroom, since this will help prevent him from thinking Torah thoughts in the bathroom. He then points out that ...


2

I was told orally that the Noda Bihudah, if I recall correctly, defends those who have such a practice as we seek to make our tables similar to the Mizbeach, and the meat that was to be placed on the fire on the Mizbeach (altar) in the Temple was thrown (past a gap between the ramp and Mizbeach).


2

The boys' blessing uses the exact wording Yaakov said we should or will use for our blessings: "And he [Yaakov] blessed them that day, saying: 'By thee shall Israel bless, saying: God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh.'" (Breishit 48:20) There is no such specified blessing mentioning women, so when people decided to bless girls as well, they made ...



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