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10

The Midrash Tanchuma (Vayikra 1:7) asks your question: ולמה קריבין קרבן מן העוף ומן הכבשים ומן הצאן ומן העזים ולא מן הדגים, שנאמר, [ו] אם מן העוף עולה קרבנו, אלא בשביל שהם בשר ודם כמו האדם ויוצאין מבטן אמן כמו האדם, מכפרים על האדם. אבל הדגים, ביצים הם ויוצאין מהן וחיין. And why do we offer up sacrifices from birds, sheep and goats but not from fish? ...


10

The sefer שער בת רבים brings from the Alshich and the Abarbanel that the reason that Yitzchok only asked about the wood and the fire was because he was asking a very clever question which would force Avraham to tell him the truth: He asked: Behold, you brought fire and wood from home even though these are things which you can get anywhere, even in the ...


7

The extra blood after each sacrifice was poured at the base of the altar (if it was considered Shirayim, leftover) or the Amah - a channel which led out of the courtyard (if the blood's status is dichuy, invalid to be poured on the base). This is from the Talmud, Zevachim 34b. The leftover blood which was poured out flowed to Nachal Kidron, and was redeemed ...


6

In Rosh Hashanah 10a defines Par, פר, it's at least 2 years old and one day. In Bava Kamma 65b Rava says that a Shor, שור, can even be a newborn. A Shor can do damage at any age and be liable, but the Korban needs to be a certain age.


6

In his book "The Temple" Joshua Berman deals with this question around page 13-17. Shabbat and the Temple/Mishkan are directly interconnected with each other. While we do things which are not allowed on Shabbat outside of the Temple, the construction of the Temple itself can not be done on Shabbat. One of the purposes of Shabbat is the Temple, and one ...


6

As Clint already mentioned, the obligation to bring doves applies to a Zava - one who bleeds between the expected times of her period (to oversimplify). So most women never had this obligation. Another missing piece is that the woman does not have to bring the doves immediately - she can accumulate the obligations and bring them all together. As long as ...


5

I once asked this question. The part about the korban offering only refers to more unusual zaavaah flow rather than the typical niddah flow. I, like you have done now, once understood the last paragraph about the korban to pertain to both of the previous two paragraphs about niddah and zaavah rather than just the penultimate zaavah paragraph.


5

The child of a Shelamim is offered as a Shelamim according to the Chachamim, while R Eliezer prohibits doing so. All further descendants of a Shelamim's child are not offered. All descendants of a Todah are offered as Todot but without bread. All descendants of a Bechor or a Maaser are treated as a Bechor or Maaser. All descendants of a Chattat must die. ...


5

The Mishna in Pesachim (6:6) discusses slaughtering a Korban Pesach on Shabbat and finding it to be a Tereifa. In the Rambam's ruling (Shegagot 2:10 (English)): וכן השוחט את הפסח ביום ארבעה עשר שחל להיות בשבת, ונודע לו אחר כן שמשכו הבעלים את ידיהם או מתו או נטמאו קודם שחיטה, או שנמצא טריפה בסתר, כגון ניקוב מעיים או ריאה--הרי זה פטור, מפני ששחט ברשות; אבל ...


4

Rashi (ibid) clearly distinguishes between the whitening of sin and the commandment of the goat. This strongly implies that while the two may be correlated, they are ultimately independent and one does not necessarily cause the other. In other words, The whitening of sin was not necessarily always the direct result of the goat's death. Likewise, the ...


4

In Shemos 5:3, Moshe introduces his request: נלכה נא דרך שלשת ימים במידבר ונזבחה ליהוה Now let us go on a three day journey in the desert and sacrifice to the Lord our God


4

R' Samson Raphael Hirsh's Commentary on some of the verses you cite provides extensive treatments of particular lessons to be derived from each kind of blood-sprinking or -pouring, starting with seven pages on the one introduced in Vayikra 1:5. My understanding, after looking through some of these for general ideas about the meaning of blood-sprinkling, is ...


3

The sefer באורי אונקלוס here explains: There is a wide range of opinions as to what the word שלמים means - whether the word is cognate with שלום (peace) or שלימות (completeness) or תשלומים (payment) (Rashi, Ramban and Rashbam), and really the word connotes all these meanings together. And because a direct Aramaic translation cannot similarly signify ...


3

Look further the gemara: בראשונה היו קושרין לשון של זהורית על פתח אולם מבפנים וכיון שהגיע שעיר למדבר היה מלבין וידעו שנעשית מצותו Originally they used to tie the thread of crimson wool to the entrance of the Ulam within, and as soon as the he-goat reached the wilderness, it turned white. Then they knew that the commandment concerning it had ...


3

There is a Midrash (Vayikra Rabba 27:10) that says: דבר אחר: ‏והיה ז' ימים תחת אמו. ר' יהושע דסכנין בשם ר' לוי אמר: משל למלך, שנכנס למדינה וגזר ואמר: כל אכסנין שיש כאן לא יראו פני, עד שיראו פני המטרונא תחלה. כך אמר הקב"ה: לא תביאו לפני קרבן, עד שתעבור עליו שבת שאין ז' ימים בלא שבת ואין מילה בלא שבת, הדא הוא דכתיב: ומיום השמיני והלאה ירצה. ...


2

We call this offering the תמיד offering (noun), but it seems to me that the first posuk (28,3) is telling how it got this name - because it is an עלה תמיד - an everlasting (adverb) offering. Only subsequently it is called the תמיד (noun), and thus it is now logical to refer to the עולה as the עלת תמיד - the olah of the (well known) tamid.


2

I heard a recording in which R' Yosef Veiner attributed this to the general approach of the Moreh Nevochim not being meant as anything other than palatable answers for those who were "straying." However, that entire approach to the Moreh is very tenuous, ואין כאן מקום להאריך. R' Yaakov Kaminetzky in Emes L'Yaakov on Chumash, Vayikra 1:9, resolves a ...


2

I generally understood holiness in the following descending order: Holiness of person Holiness of time Holiness of space The holiest is "person", which is why we can violate Shabbos to save a life. Next comes "time", then "space." Note that the Jews were not allowed to break Shabbos (time) to construct the Mishkan (space). Also, the punishment for a ...


2

In English, when we say "ox" we mean a male bovus that was bred and trained for use as a work animal; in general society they were usually also castrated, but the Torah clearly forbade this. When we say "bull" we mean a male bovus bred for its meat, or to sire more offspring. (Further proof that the oxen in the Torah weren't castrated: the letter aleph ...


2

The 17th blessing reads as follows: רצה השם אלקינו בעמך ישראל ובתפילתם והשב את העבודה לדביר ביתך ואישי ישראל ותפילתם באהבה תקבל ברצון ותהי לרצון תמיד עבודת ישראל עמך... ותחזינה עינינו בשובך לציון ברחמים ברוך אתה השם המחזיר שכינתו לציון:‏ Favor, God our Lord your nation Israel and their prayers, and return the service to the sanctum of your ...


2

The Ramban says the reason why their are no chicken Korbanos is because chickens are promiscuous. Seemingly, the same answer would apply to fish who mate frequently. (See also Kli Yakar, Parshas Behaloscha on Basar)


2

The Ramban (Numbers 6:14) writes that the Nazir is sinning by leaving his elevated state, i.e. the sacrifice is for ending the state of being a Nazir. על דרך הפשט, כי האיש הזה חוטא נפשו במלאת הנזירות, כי הוא עתה נזור מקדושתו ועבודת השם, וראוי היה לו שיזיר לעולם ויעמוד כל ימיו נזיר וקדוש לאלקיו The Rambam sees in the Nazir support for his approach that ...


1

I think that there are two general approached to why the Nazir brings a chatas upon completion of his nezirus: One opinion in the Gemara (Taanis 11a), R. Elazar Hakapr, does state that the nazir is regarded as a sinner and brings a sacrifice to atone for his sin. The gemara states that the nazir's sin is that 'he abstained from wine', an opinion taken up ...


1

Wikipedia seems to have done a good job (my emphasis) Attitudes toward Nazirites The nazirite is called "holy unto the Lord" (Numbers 6:8), but at the same time must bring a sin-offering (Numbers 6:11) and his sins are explicitly referred to ("and make atonement for that which he sinned"). This apparent contradiction, pointed out in the ...


1

This is documented in the Rambam - Hilchot Teshuva, 1st chapter. In summary: The שעיר המשתלח - goat that was sent to Azazel atones on all sins if Teshuva was done. Else it only atones on "light" sins. "Serious sins" being defined as those for which one could get killed by Bet Din, or one deserves Karet, as well as false or unnecessary oaths. Everything ...


1

Probably the same standards used in Arachim (see 3rd Perek) and codified by the Rambam in הלכות ערכים וחרמים פרק ג In a nutshell, we pay up his debts (as they have an earlier lien) and then we provide him with food for 30 days. He gets basic living conditions (roof, bed, Tefilin and weekday clothes) and a basic set of tools for his trade. We then sell his ...


1

M'Zahav U'Mipaz page 415 brings in the name of Rabbi Yosef Ades Zatzal that the location is what is currently known as Shaar Mandelbaum in the direction of the grave of Shimon HaTzadik


1

According to machon mikdash, the last korban pesach was done during the reign of empiror Justinian between 482 and 565 see: http://www.templeinstitute.org/Jews-Worship.pdf Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch Chayot (1805, Galicia- 1855, Russia) thought it likely that the Pascal sacrifice continued to be offered as late as the reign of Emperor Justinian (482–565).8 ...


1

Potential non-muchrach answer: The ger was not Jewish and now he's changing his status. In order to do so he needs to perform actions to purify himself so to speak, to become a servant of God. As such, we require Tevilah, to purify his soul, Milah, to purify his body, and Korban to uproot his idolatrous nature and replace it with complete devotion to god. ...


1

Pirkei d'Rabbi Eliezer Chapter XXI: Now Cain was a man who loved the ground in order to sow seed and Abel was a man who loved to tend the sheep the one gave of his produce as food for the other, and the latter gave of his produce as food for his (brother, assuming here that Abel gave Cain milk, butter, etc). The evening of the festival of ...



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