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The key phrase there in Koheles is "under the sun." The Gemara (Shabbos 30b) explains that this means the natural world, as opposed to Torah which was created "before the sun." (Rashi to Eccles. 1:3 explains a little differently: תחת can also mean "instead," and "sun" symbolizes the light of Torah, so תחת השמש means "things done instead of Torah study.") ...


6

The first Rashi on koheles explains that Koheles means to gather like the word קהל. He also mentions that Koheles means that he gathered (אגר) all wisdom and threw it up (vomited it). Another explanation is that he spoke in a assembly format. Rashi text: ‏"קוהלת" - על שם שקיהל חכמות הרבה וכן במקום אחר קוראו (משלי ל) "אגור בן יקא" - שאגר כל החכמה ...


5

From Rabbi S. R. Hirsch, Bereishis 4:1-2 Hevel, related to afel, afel, and aval, the basic conception of which is checking, restraining; that which restricts all light is afel, dark; the high wall which check access is efel, he'efil, to restrain yourself, to put yourself in opposition. aval, but, the particle of opposition, avel, grief, the feeling of a ...


4

An explanation from the Lubavitcher Rebbe, according to Chassidus/Kabbalah: נפש הבהמית עיקרו מדות , ואין לו שייכות לשכל (ולכן נקרא... ...(בשם "מלך זקן וכסיל", כיון שאין לו שייכות לשכל אמיתי The animal soul's [the Evil Inclination] essence is emotions, and it has no connection to intellect. (Therefore it is called by the name "king, old, and a fool" ...


4

1) We do find examples of the foolishness of the Yetzer Hora. (This does not answer your philosophic point.) One example is in his confusion with our blowing of the shofar in Elul, not on Erev Rosh HaShonoh and on Rosh HaShonoh itself as this essay shows, page 10 by Rabbi David Myer “However, our Rabbis teach us that on Erev Rosh Hashanah one is not ...


3

I heard a really nice dvar Torah about this over Sukkot. At one point in time, Kohelet was debated as to whether it should be part of the Tanach or not. One argument against Kohelet was that it is confusing and contradictory. In one verse it says that Simcha is Good, in another verse it says that Simcha leads to sin and is therefore Bad. (There are many ...


3

Sukkot is called "The Holiday of Gathering", since it is the time of the in-gathering of the crops. At this time one, feeling flush with his successful agricultural endeavors, may forget to attribute the success to G-d (as promised in Sefer Devarim). In order to remember G-d's role in our work, we move into a temporary dwelling (sukkah) where we can see the ...


2

The Alter Rebbe Rabbi Shneur Zalman zt'l explains in ch. 12 of Likuttei Amarim that http://www.chabad.org/dailystudy/tanya.htm that The brain rules over the heart (as it is written in Ra‘aya Mehemna, Parshat Pinchas1) by virtue of its innately created nature. And that is why is it also writting in Koheles(2:13) “Then I saw that wisdom surpasses ...



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