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11

The Ram"a brings down in Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim 296:1 that two customs exist entailing spilling out wine at havdala: Spilling during the b'racha on the wine to symbolize having an abundance of wine that is overflowing onto the floor Spilling after havdala to extinguish the flame and "wash [one]'s eyes" to show his love for the mitzva It could be ...


11

The Tur (OC 271) here brings three reasons why we cover the challah. 1) To establish that the meal is coming because of the kiddush. The Talmud (Pesachim 100b) quotes a braita that says one shouldn't bring the "table" out until after kiddush because, according to the Shi'iltot (#54), we want to show that the kiddush is defining the meal. Tosafot there ...


10

The Rema writes (Orach Chaim 183:2) that the cup used for a berachah (the context is talking about the cup of wine for birkas hamazon, but the same applies to kiddush, etc.) should be מלא על כל גדותיו, filled to the brim. Though Taz (ibid. :4, end) points out that it is (or was, in his times) quite common to leave a space at the top. He questions the ...


10

http://www.bknw.org/uploads/5/9/9/5/5995719/kiddush_using_disposable_cups-2.pdf Rabbi Moshe Feinstein Zatzal (Igros Moshe Orach Chaim 2 Siman 75) holds that a plastic cup should not be used for Kiddush and Havdala. Rabbi Eliezer Waldenberg (Tzitz Eliezer 12 - 23) holds that you may use a plastic cup for Kiddush and Havdala.


10

There are a few things that are not affected by Shaos Zemaniyos. Waiting time between eating meat and milk - you wait the amount of actual hours your Minhag is. Mazalos are also not affected by Shaos Zemaniyos and the Mazal of Maadim is between 6-7 PM during standard time and between 7-8 PM during daylight time. Please see this link from Medrash Shocher ...


10

The Gemara (Bava Batra 97b) says: סוחט אדם אשכול של ענבים ואומר עליו קידוש היום One can squeeze a cluster of grapes and say Kiddush on it. The Shulchan Aruch rules this way in OC 272:2 So it seems that letting the juice ferment is not a prerequisite for ritual use.


9

Aruch HaShulchan 289:3 makes it clear that your assumption (in your question) that the beracha on the wine is preceded by "one or more" Torah verses is wrong. The gemara doesn't mention any verses and perhaps it's better not to mention any. ולכן אין בו רק ברכת 'בורא פרי הגפן', ובגמרא שם קראו לה 'קידושא רבה' על דרך סגי נהור, ועוד מפני שברכה זו יש בכל ...


8

Having everyone drink kiddush wine at night is brought down in the shulchan aruch 271:14 and is based on the rosh in the 10th perek of pesachim siman 16 who, as interpreted by the beit yosef in orach chaim 271, is basing himself on the gemara in pesachim 106a where we see that those gathered also drank wine at the morning kiddush. But it has nothing to do ...


8

Normally kiddush requires a "reviis", which we'll call 3.3 fluid ounces. Kiddush (for shabbos day, as well as havdalah) may be recited on any chamar medina, "beverage of the land, which you'd serve a respected guest." In addition to wine/grape juice, this certainly includes: Beer (found in the Gemara) Apple juice (This appears in the Artscroll "Radiance ...


8

Avudraham cites the following verses for a couple of the lines: "ki vanu vacharta" from D'varim 7:7 "v'osanu kidashta mikol ha'amim" from D'varim 26:19 He also gives these non-citation explanations of the sources of the ideas: "t'chila l'mikra'ei kodesh" due to the fact that shabas is listed first among the holidays (in Vayikra 23) "zecher liy'tzi'as ...


7

Sefer Ben Ish Hai Year 2 Bereshit Ot 29(Quoting from the English Edition published by Ahavat Shalom): One then commences the physical preparations for qiddush. It should be noted that there are profound kabbalistic kawwanoth in each of these actions, so one should not omit any of them. One should recieve the cup of wine with both hands form someone ...


7

At the end of this pdf (referenced here), he says: There does not seem to be any basis for the idea of doubling up a cup, as this does not cause the cup to be used more times than it otherwise would have been used.


7

The general halacha that talks about the prohibition of eating before prayer only says that you cannot eat before finishing shemoneh esrei (Shulchan Aruch OC 89:3). No mention is made of completing Torah reading before eating. The Aruch haShulchan says the same (se'if 23). So according to this (and assuming that there is no other source that talks about it - ...


6

The Chasam Sofer answers: People want to start with "yom hashishi" to make the acrostic (with "yom hashishi vay'chulu hashamayim"), but that makes a meaningless half-phrase, so they start with the start of the phrase. They'd start at the start of the pasuk so as not to split a pasuk, but are loath to do so, as the first half of the pasuk ("tov") refers to ...


6

Like most halacic issues, it's a machlokes. See Shulchan Aruch 273:4 who allows this only if the other cannot do so himself. The Mishna Berurah (20) brings the Pri Chadash who allows this in any case, while the Artzos haChayim allows it in any case, but does not consider it preferable if the other can do so him/herself. (The Aruch haShulchan in OC 273:5 ...


6

I'm cross-posting my answer here as well. R' Meir Goldwicht of Yeshiva University addressed this in a Q&A a number of years ago. He felt that doubling a cup does absolutely nothing to solve the problem of the plastic cup not having "Kayamus" as he called it (permanence). He also called into question whether having a plastic cup in the first place was ...


6

Since women are obligated in kiddush on a Torah level (Zachor>Shamor), they can make kiddush for their husbands. The Aruch haShulchan 271:5 rejects the idea that women should not cover men, limiting it to public venues (b'tzibur). That said, I once went to someones house where the woman made hamotzi. It rubbed me the wrong way. Since the custom has been ...


6

Say it only during kiddush. The women too should only say it during kiddush. Why would one assume the two would be any different? They are both obligated in kiddush and both obligated to have the lights lit. The Talmud in Sukkah (47b) implies already that the shehechiyanu is said with the kiddush. (The Tur OC 519 deems it an "enactment of [the sages] to say ...


6

See Aruch HaShulchan 273:6 where he writes that there are those places where everyone makes his own kiddush, but "it is not appropriate to do so, and you should prevent them from doing this, and teach them that the mitzvah is better when one person makes kiddush on behalf of everyone." And he writes that the reason it is better is because of ברוב עם הדרת מלך ...


6

The first paragraph of kiddush is Biblical verses. The second paragraph is part of the core text of prayers, which were presumably finalized by Anshei Knesset HaGedolah, "The Men of the Great Assembly", i.e. the rabbinic leaders during the early Second Temple period, about 2300 years ago. (See Rambam Berachot 1:5) The same goes for something like the Amida ...


5

On a more literal level, there's the idea (developed in Kuzari 1:11ff; also discussed by the commentaries to Exodus 20:2 and Rabbeinu Bechayei to Deut. 5:15; and in many other places) that the Exodus - which the entire Jewish people experienced, and in which G-d manipulated and subverted nature as He pleased - serves as proof that G-d originally created that ...


5

Based on a statement from Pesachim 105a, if Kiddush was not said on Friday night either by accident or on purpose it can be said the entire next day (Rambam Shabbat 29:4, Shulchan Aruch OC 271:8), with the exception of the introductory paragraph of Vaychulu which is only said at night as that is when the creative work was originally finished (Rama, ad loc). ...


5

The rules of eating a meal in the same place one made or heard kidush are written among the rules of Friday night's kidush (and applied to both). Thus, the rule (Mishna B'rura 273:25) that cake suffices for this (so one need not immediately eat bread) applies to the nighttime as well as the daytime kidush. (However, even if he is famished during the day and ...


4

The reason of the "shame" of the challos, applies to mezonos as well, since ordinarily the blessing of mezonos is recited before the blessing of ha-gafen. Indeed, some poskim rule that cakes and pastries should be covered during the recital of the morning Kiddush.(Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 55:5; Teshuvos Levushei Mordechai O.C. kamma, 46. ...


4

I don't know about all the above Kabbalah discussions, but the Tur and Shulchan Aruch in OC 183 say: מקבלו בשתי ידיו He accepts [the cup] with both hands. Sounds to me like someone is passing it off. The Taz (OC 183 sk 2) says that the acceptance with two hands is to show how excited one is to receive it, as if he was reaching out and grabbing for ...


4

I don't know about in general, but I was at Aish HaTorah (in Toronto) on Shabbat erev Pesach the last time the calendar fell out that way, and they paused right before the torah service for a meal. This was to satisfy the requirement for a lunch with bread before the deadline for chametz. The meal began with kiddush. Since they could have instead started ...


4

In Berachos 29a the Gemara says that a person may make a Bracha for others even if he himself has already fulfilled his obligation. The Rosh states that based on this Gemara a person may make Kiddush for his family members even if he made it previously.


4

I'm cross-posting my answer from the "Related: using two plastic cups for Kiddush" question: R' Meir Goldwicht of Yeshiva University addressed this in a Q&A a number of years ago. He felt that doubling a cup does absolutely nothing to solve the problem of the plastic cup not having "Kayamus" as he called it (permanence). He also called into question ...


4

The berachah is in Siddur R. Amram Gaon, and almost identically in Siddur R. Saadyah Gaon. Both of them also say that it should be prefaced with Vayechulu and the berachah on the wine.


4

Shulchan Aruch 271:14 says that at night everyone should ideally, but is not required to, taste it. (See Mishna B'rura :71 for an exception.) The same would seem to apply by day (see Rama 289). As always, for practical guidance, CYLOR rather than relying on what you read here.



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