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All three books (Iyov Mishlei and Tehillim) are written in a complex poetic style. The separate trop represents the shift from prose to poetry and may have been sung in a more songful manner than the regular prose trop. A proof to this distinction lies in Iyov, whose first, second and final chapters are written in prose and have regular trop. EDIT: The ...


3

See the discussion on the name elohim. The commentaries on Genesis discuss what was going on there; the simplest explanation is "the sons of the authorities", or "the sons of the powerful" or "the sons of judges" went and took [advantage of] any woman they wanted.


3

The Books of Obadiah, Nahum, and Jonah contain prophecies that are predominately addressing Gentiles. The Talmud does not mention them as prophets of the Gentiles though, only Beor, Bilaam, Job, and his 4 companions. So perhaps the Talmud is referring to the general trend of their prophecy, most of which remained unwritten (Megillah 14b), not specifically ...


3

There are many different opinions regarding when Iyov existed, if at all. Many are mentioned in the Talmud you cited in your question. The Talmud (Sotah 11A) says that Iyov was one of Pharaoh's advisers along with Yisro and Bilaam. See the details translated here. They advised Pharaoh at the beginning of the Israelite's slavery. The Talmud (Sotah 35A) ...


2

According to this translation (based on Rashi's commentary) in the first instance it means the children of the powerful (sons of the nobles). http://www.chabad.org/library/bible_cdo/aid/8171/showrashi/true According to the same site, the Iyov (Job) references are to angels.



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