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No, Modern Hebrew, the contemporary spoken and written language, is not identical with Biblical Hebrew, the version[s] of the language in which Tanach was written. Hebrew, like all natural languages, has evolved over time from the times of Tanach until today, and on top of that, Modern Hebrew is the result of an intentional revival and modernization of the ...


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The Hebrew used in the Tanakh is often the source for most of Modern Hebrew. However, influences of history have changed the modern day Hebrew in ways that are not always so noticeable. For Example: A lot of Aramaic has slipped its way into modern Hebrew, even down to the most basic words. Father in Tanakh: "Av" Father in Modern Hebrew: "Abba" (Aramaic) ...


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There are around two dozen works from the Vilna Gaon that are still in manuscripts or destroyed (a work on astronomy, for example). From what has been published, the writings that are not commentary or textual emendations include: Ayil Meshullash - work on geometry Tzurat HaAretz - work on the geography of Israel discussed in Joshua, Kings, and Ezekiel ...


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They are all available here: Bereishis Shemos Vayikra Bemidbar Devarim


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Try this link - goes to a page called כל ספרי חיים ולדר לרכישה אונליין - seems to be his home page of Hebrew books for sale online. (Hat tip: 2nd link on Google)


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See the first section of Rav Zevin's לאור ההלכה which consists of articles about the halachot of war. See also ערכים במבחן מלחמה: מוסר ומלחמה בראי היהדות, which is about Jewish war ethics. There has been an ongoing debate on the subject of civilian casualties in war from a halachic perspective: in addition to some of the articles cited by @loewian, see also ...


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The best solution I have found is a new book by Adir Press (distributed by Feldheim) called "Journey Through Nach". It goes through every perek in Nach and provides a short summary based on the words and meforshim. It's a great read! Highly recommended. Other option are the summaries written on www.shortvort.com which are also very good but I don't know if ...


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No, it is not available for free online. However, it is available in entirety on otzar hachochmah (which allows free preview of the first 40 pages of each volume).


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The gemara in many places differentiates between a theory of what the law should be, and an instruction of how to proceed. The former is called Halacha, the latter, Hora'ah or Maaseh Rav. Here is an excerpt from Bava Basra 130b. א''ר זריקא א''ר אמי א''ר חנינא אמר רבי הלכה כר' יוחנן בן ברוקה אמר ליה ר' אבא הורה איתמר במאי קמיפלגי מר סבר הלכה עדיפא ומר סבר ...


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Rabbi J. David Bleich has articles on the topic in his series Contemporary Halachic Problems (e.g. volumes 3 [Preemptive War In Jewish Law, pp. 251-292.] and 4). Also, Rav Nachum Rabinovitch has a popular halacha work for Israeli soldiers called "Melumdei Milchama". See also: Michael J. Broyde Fighting the War and the Peace: Battlefield Ethics, Peace ...



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