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A religion/ideology distinguishes itself by multiple beliefs, not just belief in G-d. The various branches of Islam all assume many beliefs that are historically false, as well as many that are outright heretical. For instance, Islam denies the authenticity of the Torah and rewrites the Torah's legal and historical accounts in order to serve its own ...


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Devarim 13:1-4: Everything I command you that you shall be careful to do it. You shall neither add to it, nor subtract from it. If there will arise among you a prophet, or a dreamer of a dream, and he gives you a sign or a wonder, and the sign or the wonder of which he spoke to you happens, [and he] says, "Let us go after other gods which you ...


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No, if anything Islam is farther away from the truth the even Christianity, the Rambam writes in a responsa (§149), when discussing the prohibition of teaching Gentiles Torah, says it is permitted to teach Christians the written Torah, and may even be more fruitful, as they implicitly accept the veracity of the Torah and text, thus creating a more level ...


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No, your conclusion does not follow logically from your premise. Even though Muslims believe in Hashem, they falsely believe in Muhammad as a prophet. There is nothing about believing in God that logically requires one to also believe in the prophethood of Muhammad. We simply believe that his claim to be a prophet was made up.


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In his introduction to his commentary on the Mishna, the Rambam writes: החלק הראשון, שיתנבא בשם האל, ויקרא ההמון להאמין בו, ויצווה על עבודתו, ויאמר שהקב"ה הוסיף במצות מצווה, או גרע מצווה מכלל המצות שאסף אותם ספר התורה. ואין הפרש בין שיוסיף ויגרע על הפסוק, ובין שיוסיף ויגרע על הפירוש המקובל.  ועניין שיוסיף או יגרע מן הכתוב, כגון שיאמר, שהקב"ה אמר אלי כי ...


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The basic requirement for a prophet (or just any Jew) is to not change anything written in the Torah (Including of course the Mitzvot). - See Rambam's Hilchot Yesod Torah Halacha Alef for that Halacha specifically for prophets. Additionaly all that the prophet predicts must be true not just a part, and he should be checked many times (except for death, ...



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