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8

Shulchan Aruch, Choshen Mishpat 421:5 says (in my own translation): Two who wrestled together, and one knocked the other to the ground so that he fell and got blinded, he's not liable. The S'ma explains: The reason for this is: Since they both wrestled willingly, each intending to knock down his fellow, and each knowing that it's impossible to be ...


7

The Shulchan Aruch (YD 345:3) writes: קטן המאבד עצמו לדעת, חשוב כשלא לדעת A minor who knowledgeably destroys himself is considered as if it was not done knowledgeably so it seems we would treat it like any other regular case of death.


7

First of all, I have to correct a common misconception in your question: that one must say Amen in order to fulfill one's obligation in the blessing. This is only true if the one saying the blessing is not fulfilling his obligation then as well. In the vast majority of cases where the one saying the blessing is fulfilling his obligation with you, you can ...


6

Madanei Asher page 168 discusses this question and answers as follows. Shaalos U'Tshuvis Radbaz - Volume 2 #772 says that a Jewish king is not judged and therefore would not go to exile. Regarding prior to the time of Yanai Hamelech when Jewish kings were judged he says even there a Jewish king would not be exiled based on the Gemara - Makos 10a that a ...


5

The Mishna in Pesachim (6:6) discusses slaughtering a Korban Pesach on Shabbat and finding it to be a Tereifa. In the Rambam's ruling (Shegagot 2:10 (English)): וכן השוחט את הפסח ביום ארבעה עשר שחל להיות בשבת, ונודע לו אחר כן שמשכו הבעלים את ידיהם או מתו או נטמאו קודם שחיטה, או שנמצא טריפה בסתר, כגון ניקוב מעיים או ריאה--הרי זה פטור, מפני ששחט ברשות; אבל ...


4

It depends on the case. But you should not go out of your way to exempt yourself from a mitzva. If we're told "it's a mitzva to do ABC", then we should think proactively about trying to do ABC, not wheedling out of it. The diabetic needs to eat on Yom Kippur? We certainly understand. A healthy person who felt like going for a ten mile run, but boy now he's ...


4

The Rambam (Kilayim 1:3) and the Shulchan Aruch (YD 297:2) explicitly rule that the issue of Kilaei Zeraim (planting mixtures of edible seeds (except grapes)) only applies in the Land of Israel and a Jew can even plant his own mixtures outside of Israel on purpose. So I think we can reason a fortiori that your friend is allowed to keep his vegetables when he ...


3

It's not so straightforward that "out of fear" means that he was forced. Rambam (Hil. Avodah Zarah 3:6) explains "out of love" to mean that he is attracted by the beauty of the statue, and "out of fear" as that he thinks that it has the power to harm him (which doesn't necessarily mean that he accepts it as a god, just as a power of some kind). Though it is ...


2

The Taz (OC 196 sk 1) rules that one who ate something prohibited (even Biblically) by accident is allowed to say an after bracha, as it is no worse than one who eats prohibited foods when forced to because of pikuach nefesh which the Shulchan Aruch already rules (OC 196:2) do get blessings. The Mishna Berurah (sk 4) quotes this Taz approvingly, but the ...


2

Intention matters... but so do the circumstances and the reason for the patur. In the case of the Sukkah, we do not eat in the rain because it is unpleasant. If you find eating in the rain during sukkot unpleasant, then you should not eat in the sukkah even if you aren't eating even when it isn't raining. If, however, you normally don't eat in the Sukkah, ...


2

As far as I know, the process is exactly the same as when you first put it up and should be done promptly. The only discussion surrounds whether a new blessing is recited. Pitchei Teshuva (YD 289:1) compares the case to one whose Tallit fell off unexpectedly who needs to recite a new blessing upon redonning it (Shulchan Aruch OC 8:14). The Aruch HaShulchan ...


2

The Ramban (Numbers 6:14) writes that the Nazir is sinning by leaving his elevated state, i.e. the sacrifice is for ending the state of being a Nazir. על דרך הפשט, כי האיש הזה חוטא נפשו במלאת הנזירות, כי הוא עתה נזור מקדושתו ועבודת השם, וראוי היה לו שיזיר לעולם ויעמוד כל ימיו נזיר וקדוש לאלקיו The Rambam sees in the Nazir support for his approach that ...


1

I think that there are two general approached to why the Nazir brings a chatas upon completion of his nezirus: One opinion in the Gemara (Taanis 11a), R. Elazar Hakapr, does state that the nazir is regarded as a sinner and brings a sacrifice to atone for his sin. The gemara states that the nazir's sin is that 'he abstained from wine', an opinion taken up ...


1

Wikipedia seems to have done a good job (my emphasis) Attitudes toward Nazirites The nazirite is called "holy unto the Lord" (Numbers 6:8), but at the same time must bring a sin-offering (Numbers 6:11) and his sins are explicitly referred to ("and make atonement for that which he sinned"). This apparent contradiction, pointed out in the ...


1

This is documented in the Rambam - Hilchot Teshuva, 1st chapter. In summary: The שעיר המשתלח - goat that was sent to Azazel atones on all sins if Teshuva was done. Else it only atones on "light" sins. "Serious sins" being defined as those for which one could get killed by Bet Din, or one deserves Karet, as well as false or unnecessary oaths. Everything ...


1

The strings for Tzitzit (whether they will be white or blue) need to be spun for the express purpose of use in Tzitzit. Some say the material needs to be carded for the express purpose of Tzitzit as well, but most are lenient about this. (Shulchan Aruch OC 11:1)


1

New answer: This is clearly a case of a Shomer-Chinam; asking somebody to safeguard your item without being paid for it. The Halacha is that a Shomer-Chinam is not responsible for any damages unless the damage was caused by his negligence. So if the camera dropped because he balanced it on his head, for example, then he would be expected ...



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