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6

This question assumes that the Rishonim or Acharonim grappled with this question. Most were not aware of contemporary sources omitting this miracle, such that they would ask the question and answer it. If you want, instead, a defense of the existence of the oil miracle, here are two. That "II Maccabees is, as is well known, an abridgement of a five-book ...


0

Because Goshen wasn't a such good land. The Mitzrim hated to breed sheep (for religious belief I think). Explicitly Yosef asked his father to speak about his occupation in front of paro, in order to get the land of Goshen, a retired land with grass, in which the Hebrews would be more quiet/exposed to Egyptian society. edit: yes, source.. chapter 47 first ...


0

Even Shleima: an ethical treatise as well as kabbalistic ideas Iggeres HaGr"a: this was a letter that the Gaon penned to his family before he left for his journey to Israel (which he ultimatly did not complete)


2

Rabbi Eleazar Ben Hanania Ben Hizkiya. The evidence for this one is not 100% proof, but: 1) In Shabbat 13b it says that חנניה בן חזקיה וסעתו compiled Megillat Taanit. He is also identified as one of the leaders of Beit Shammai, and is known for "saving" the book of Ezekiel among other things. 2) We only have an Aramaic version of Megilat Taanit, but ...


3

Rabbi Sorotzkin compares it to the 100 kesitah that Yaakov paid for the land in Shechem on which to settle himself, his family and his flocks. IIRC, Rabbi Sorotzkin says that a kesitah was a quarter of a shekel (.25). Thus, 400 shekel was 1600 kesitah. This means that Avraham paid 16 times what Yaakov did for just the burial cave. Of course, Efron ...


2

I remember hearing a shiur by R' Dovid Gottlieb (I think it was "Historical Verification of the Torah - Standards & Prophecy") where he explains that it was indeed the normal price, and that the back-and-forth regarding the sale was normal courtesy at the time.


6

Based on a shiur by Rav Amnon Bazak at Yeshivat Har Etzion quoting the Arugas Habosem the amount paid by Avraham was enough to buy 2.4 million square Amos. In an extraordinary piece of arithmetic computation, the Arugat Ha-bosem proves that 400 shekel - the price of sdei ha-machpela - was enough to buy 2.4 million square amot, based on the price of ...


0

The Rosh in Niddah ch. 8 siman 8 writes the following: דבדרבמן הולך אחר המיקל וכל שכן בכתמים In Rabbinical rules we follow the lenient opinion, and certainly by kesamim. The Divrei Chamudos אות צ there sources this comment to the last line of the previous Siman of the Rosh, in which the Rosh quoted the following: כל שיעורי חכמים להחמיר חוץ ...


5

The First Temple period is still covered by Tanakh. Tanakh finishes off just as they've gotten the Second Temple going. Yes, there are broad categories. Timewise, we refer to the following periods, very roughly: Tannaim -- those who wrote the first stage of the Talmud (e.g. the Mishna). This starts in the early second Temple period (though we don't have a ...


0

Presumably when we stopped concerning ourselves with the laws of purity, sometime around the year 200. Until that point I needed to know if someone was a Nida, as it would affect whether I could eat a sacrifice or the like. Since then, unless it's my wife, it's really none of my business.


0

I remember once hearing the cause for the change was because in the time of the Talmud both single and married women went to the mikvah after nidda, thus it was the norm to be in that state of impurity, and had no connotation of intimacy. However, once going to the mikvah became exclusive for married woman, going to the mikvah to remove the impurity became ...


2

I heard the following from Rabbi Heinemann, in answering this question (specifically he was asked about R' Moshe's teshuva about the exact height necessary for a mechitza, which has a dearth of prior literature on the subject): There is a famous story in which the Chofetz Chaim was upset because his children wanted to put a floor in his house (which had a ...


-1

Rabbi Abraham Zacuto (1452-1514) was a contemporary of Leonardo da Vinci, a leading astronomer who stood at the cradle of great geographical discoveries of 16th century, advised Columbus and guided Vasco da Gama, was a luminary at the Court of Kings of Spain and Portugal, merged science and Kabbala, taught at Salamanca University and lived in the ...


2

Here's another "grain of salt" answer. If you accept the Vilna Gaon's drasha on Melachim Aleph 7:23, then Shlomo HaMelech knew pi to be 333/106=3.14151, a value not surpassed in accuracy by the scientific community for more than 1000 years, with Ptolemy's publication of 3.1416 in c150 CE.


5

The Mishna in Keilim discusses this. Essentially they guessed it, based on the average measurement. Starting from Ch. 14:5, here are some of the measurements: פרק יז - משנה ה: הָרִמּוֹן שֶׁאָמְרוּ, לֹא קָטָן וְלֹא גָדוֹל אֶלָּא בֵינוֹנִי ‏ The pomegranate [mentioned in previous Mishnayot] refers to a medium sized one. [Presumably a fully-ripe ...


0

The first 8 kings proper of Israel and then Judah were: Saul David Solomon Rehoboam Aviyah Asa Yehoshafat Yehoram (of Judah) The 9th king was Ahazya, the one killed by Yehu. And after that was Queen Ataliah. The first 8 kings were all righteous, and then Ahazya and Queen Ataliah were wicked. Remember the prophecy / blessing from Yitzchak "when you feel ...


3

ויהי חתת אלקים על הערים - בראשית לה:ה On the above Pasuk, R' Zevin relates a story titled "The Secret Weapon" in "Sipurei Tzadikim al hatorah" as follows: Late in 1856, Reb Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch (known as the Tzemach Tzedek) sent his son Reb Shmuel - who was later to succeed him as rebbe - to S. Petersburg on matters of communal concern. ...


-4

Yes, this is called the Septuagint, "the book of the seventy". This text is still in existence. Jewish tradition is that there was a desire for a translation of the Torah into the vernacular of the time. That was the Alexandrian dialect of Greek. Following Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCE, Greek was spoken all across the Mediterranean and western ...



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