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9

"The tribe of Ephraim miscalculated the time of the deliverance of the children of Israel from Egypt, and left the country thirty years before the appointed time. They were met by a hostile host of Philistines, who offered them battle, in which the Ephraimites lost 300,000 men (according to Pesi?., 180,000; according to Pir?e R. El., 200,000). Their bones ...


6

Orthodox rabbis involved in civil rights activism did indeed rely on biblical and rabbinic literature, and referred to them when backing their positions. Here are a few of those sources: Avot 3:18 הוא היה אומר חביב אדם שנברא בצלם חבה יתירה נודעת לו שנברא בצלם שנאמר בצלם אלהים עשה את האדם [Rabbi Akiva] used to say: Beloved is man, for he was ...


5

Was Stoning Still Officially Practiced? As the previous answers have already said, no, it appears that stoning was abolished around the time of Jesus' birth. Did It Still Happen Anyway? Sometimes, but the best attested case took place under special circumstances. The historian Josephus writes of an instance in which stonings occurred, probably around the ...


5

The Talmud (Gittin 56a) relates the following about the Zealot-Pharisee relationship: The biryoni [presumed to be Zealots] were then in the city. The Rabbis said to them: Let us go out and make peace with them [the Romans]. They would not let them, but on the contrary said, Let us go out and fight them. The Rabbis said: You will not succeed. They then ...


5

Judaism was able to survive the destruction of the Second Temple because Rabbi Yohanan ben Zakkai set up an academy in Yavne where Torah could be taught and a generation of sages figured out how to convert Biblical, sacrifice-oriented Judaism into Rabbinic Judaism, centered on prayer, study, and righteous deeds. From Avot d' Rabbi Natan 4:5 Once, Rabban ...


4

I'll answer part of the question. (About partial answers: What to do when you only have a partial answer So the moderater says it's fine.) Is there any scriptural reason to believe that the messiah would suffer such a fate? In the famous Disputation of Barcelona in 1263, where the Ramban, one of the leading Rabbi at the time, whose works are still ...


3

The two main texts you probably want to see, in terms of the Masoretic texts, are the Leningrad and Aleppo Codicies, available online here and here respectively. See here for many more old scanned manuscripts.


3

It is specifically mentioned in the siddur of Rabbi Shabtai of Rashkov for during the time between Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur. That means it was being practiced in Poland around 1700-1740. Although not widespread, it is still in practice in some Charedi communities just like kapparot and malkot are still practiced.


2

Koren Tanakhs print both the Christian-derived chapters and the ancient Jewish system of sedarim. It's interesting to see where the sedarim break up differently than the chapters (once a teacher told me that the number is such that if you read one a day, exempting Shabbat, Yom Tov [I think counting one day for Yom Tov as it's an Eretz Yisraeli system] and ...


2

Achsanios Shel Torah - published in (5650) 1890 - by Rabbi Moshe Reinas says that in the year (5563) 1803 Rabbi Chaim Volozhin laid the cornerstone for Yeshivas Volozhin. This was opened due to Rabbi Chaim Volozhin perceiving the general state of learning Torah disintegrating. Originally it was supported by Rabbi Chaim Volozhin's personal wealth, however as ...


2

I understand the Rambam below is referring to your chapter (so no it is refuring to the one not yet built (it shloud be speedily rebuilt) The rambam  » Mishneh Torah» Sefer Avodah » Beit Habechirah »  1 » 4 The [design of the] structure built by [King] Solomon is described explicitly in [the Book of] Kings. [In contrast, the design of] the Messianic ...


2

According to this link: According to the Minchas Elazar of Munkacs (Divrei Torah, eighth edition, 31), his grandfather, the Bnei Yissaschar, had a tradition that the greatest Baalei Tosafos (most of whom were killed al kiddush Hashem) wrote their long tosafos on perek Meruba of Bava Kamma the night before being called to judgment by their wicked enemies. ...


2

From what I could infer from this article, it seems that "Rabbi Leon (Yehudah Aryeh) Modena (1571-1648) was one of the most colorful figures in the Jewish Renaissance. He was an accomplished musician, and served as cantor in the Italian Synagogue in Venice. " He encouraged integrating Rossi's music as part of the service. He met with considerable ...


2

I am hesitant because I am not sure this is the right forum for your question or that we can offer a properly sourced answer but until one of those two questions are answered I will suggest the following: Insofar as it was typical under most circumstances to refer to someone as the son of their father, the deviation from this norm would likely raise ...


2

"History is written by the victor," as they say. In the case of the Second Temple period, however, virtually everyone lost, so interpreting history can be a matter of dispute. In Jewish tradition, it is, however, indisputable that the Pharisees were the "good guys" and the Sadducees were the "bad guys". As alluded to by Scimonster, towards the end of the ...


1

As mentioned by Mike, the destruction of the Second Temple was like the climax of a slowly moving glacier that eventually splashes into the ocean. Even after the rebellion finally started, it took nearly three years for the Romans to fully conquer the Galilee and the North and then finally pivot down to Jerusalem. This gave enough time for the non-Zealot ...


1

There is such an idea from the Shu"t Bais Ridvaz siman 38 where he holds that the western wall is part of the Azarah,like the shitta of the Radvaz. The Chachmas Adam Shaarei Tzedek Mishpatei Ha'aretz also held the same: שערי צדק שער משפטי הארץ חכמת אדם פרק יא סעיף יג ח) צריך לזהר מאוד שלא יכנס במקום המקדש שכולנו טמאים מתים, והנכנס בטומאה חייב כרת, ...


1

Likkutei Sichos 29 Hosafot (Note: there are some minor typos due to cutting and pasting from Hebrewbooks.Please c.f the original)) אין ענטפער אויף אייערע בריף און פראגען: פראגע א): אין יהי רצון וואס מ׳זאגט צווישען די תקיעות לויט אייניגע נוסחאות שטייט: ״וישוע שר הפנים״. מעז האט אייר געזאגט, אז דאס האט מען אריינגעגגבט דעם נאמען פון אותו האיש. ענטפער: וועגען ...


1

The Shach mentions the way the Reb Shlomo Molcho had his Tzitzis as a true source. The Beis Yosef's Sefer, Magid Mesharim speaks of him as a Tzaddik. The Arizal, although criticizing the use of practical Kabbalah, does not speak of him as a charlatan. Rabbi Joselman of Rosheim thought his approach was rash but also not a false messiah.


1

Mizrahis ululate even in present day. My fam Iraqi Jew and we stay ululating for any joyous occasion or just when we get together and get rowdy



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