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8

Nitei Gavriel Chanuka - page 306 mentions this in the name of Otzar Kol Minhagei Yeshurin. Rabbi Genut at din.org.il also quotes Otzar Kol Minhagei Yeshurin and says it is mentioned in Chapter 19:4 in the name of the Avodas Eved M'Lomza. YUTorah.org also gives the Otzar Kol Minhagei Yeshurin as the source. This leads me to believe that there is no earlier ...


7

See this article for a more comprehensive discussion. Here are some sourced examples of women who donned tefillin: The gemara in Eruvin Daf 96 states that Queen Michal (wife of King David) wore tefillin. "[There] is the opinion [that women are obligated to wear tefillin] attributed to two prominent tannaim, R. Meir and R. Yehuda, as cited in multiple ...


6

Yes, it has been suggested that the Essenes and the Baitusim (Boethusians) are one and the same sect. Evidence has been advanced, much of it on the assumption (a very big assumption) that the Essenes are the same as the Qumran sect. Here is a paper by Zachi Dvira on the Baitusim, and on pp. 42-43, he provides a good summary of the attempts to identify them ...


5

This is a matter of dispute between the Rishonim. The Rambam in his commentary to the Mishna (Rosh Hashana 1, 3) wrote that the people observed the fast of Tisha b'Av even during the period of the second temple. http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=37942&st=&pgnum=202 However Rabbi Shimon ben Tzemach Duran (Shut Tashbetz 2, 271) wrote that ...


5

This doesn't really answer your question definitively at all, but I thought it might interest you. I was reading through some of the autobiographical essays of R. Isaac David Essrig (1893-1976), who was a well-respected rabbi (although he wouldn't be considered a "gadol") originally from Israel but who moved during WW1 to America. For about seven years ...


5

The original article is available online: http://docslide.us/documents/ny-times-1975-article-about-r-moshe-feinstein.html


4

I'm not sure if you will accept this as an answer, but I will deflect your question on Tosafos by pointing out that this is not Tosafos' chidush. It is a direct quote from a censored gemara in Shabbos 104b which Tosafos in Chagiga referenced. The missing gemara there says אמו מרים מגדלא. Tosafos there says the people under discussion lived during the ...


4

Sefer Hadoros & Zemach David says Yehoshua was born in 2406 and the story of the Meraglim was in 2449, making him 43 years old.


4

R. Yosef Chaim of Baghdad describes the difference between the typical Ashkenazi and Sephardi modes of pesak in the beginning of his sefer Rav Pe'alim (quoted by R. Yitzchak Yosef, Iggeret le-Ben Torah, Ch. 18): וְעַיֵּן בְּשׁוּ"ת רַב פְּעָלִים (חֵלֶק א' בִּפְתִיחַת הַסֵּפֶר), שֶׁכָּתַב, וְיֵשׁ שֶׁאֵין דַּרְכָּם לָתוּר וּלְחַפֵּשׂ בְּסִפְרֵי ...


3

R' Sherira Gaon in his Iggeres (p.7 and 9 here) writes that each sage had his own version of Mishnayos, and Rebbe gathered them and arranged them and decided which opinion to codify. (It is unclear if he actually re-formulated them or just arranged them.) R' Sherira writes that some Mishnayos were formulated earlier, as early as Hillel, and Rebbi himself ...


2

This is in a Mishna in Berachos 9:2. The meaning (as stated by Rabbi Ovadia Bartenura there) is that He does good to me and good to others.


2

Buber says there are two traditional attributions. One is by Rabbi Avraham [sic] HaSefardi in Ohel Yosef, where he attributes it to Rabbi Yochanan (the redactor of the Talmud Yerushalmi). However Buber himself must be making an error, as the author of Ohel Yosef (published uncensored under the name Tzefas Paneach - a famous and controversial pirush on the ...


2

It's the common yarmulka worn by learned men in Lithuania and Belarus, and some other places, at that time. Chassidishe rabbonim, too. Available online here: http://jerusalemyarmulka.com/Product.aspx?CategoryId=10&ProductId=1254


2

The Bnei Yissaschar (following on from LN6596) says that these letters are an accronym for גוף שכל נפש הכל. גוף כנגד גלות פרס where Haman tried to destroy the Jewish people physically. שכל כנגד גלות יון where the Greeks tried to destroy the Jewish people philosophically. נפש כנגד גלות בבל where the Babylonians tried to destroy the Jewish people spiritually. ...


2

Sefer מקומות קדושים וקברי צדיקים בגליל says that the actual date is unknown, however the date that is celebrated is 26 Sivan. מקובל שיום ההילולה שלו חל ביום כ"ו סיוון, אך כנראה שיום זה הינו רק יום זיכרון משום שיום פטירתו אינו ידוע


2

Essentially the simplest answer is that, at the time of the Manna, they were told then "Today is Friday, gather double and save over because tomorrow is Shabbat and you won't find". (Beshalach). So with the Manna cycle it became "known" which day actually was Shabbat and once that happened the Jews have kept a record of it ever since and therefore in the ...


1

This is the way I see it. Birnbaum translated in a time when someone Orthodox and fluent in English and capable of this was in rare supply. He made an acceptably Orthodox translation, but it had some issues that the more Chareidi elements didn't particularly like. Artscroll is nothing if not a Chareidi product, and the increased influence of that group of ...


1

Besides YEZ's good sources, see Bava Kamma 94b אמר רבי יוחנן בימי רבי נשנית משנה זו with Tosafos there, and see also the last Mishna in maseches Keilim with Tosafos Rabi Akiva Eiger. Both of these sources say that Rabeinu HaKadosh redacted an older version of the mishna that was already extent. There is also a discussion in Bava Metzia 44a between Rabi ...


1

At the very least, from the parsha of מן in parshas Bishalach chapter 16 the days of Friday and Shabbos were clear. This was pre- Har Sinai.


1

The theory of the diurnal rotation of the Earth. According to this article in Isis, the journal of the History of Science Society, After the Twelfth Century, references to the theory [of the diurnal rotation of the Earth] multiply, there being in the subsequent era at least six writers who discuss the hypothesis. Five among these, AL-SHIRAZI, ...



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