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17

The most famous instance of Jews choosing to follow only the written Torah without the oral rabbinic interpretations would be the Karaites who flourished from about 760 CE to 1100 CE. Today their numbers are relatively small. Wikipedia gives a worldwide estimate of about 45,000 people, but the source of their numbers is not given. Karaite Judaism is ...


11

Yes, the Sadducees did believe they were Jewish. However, the confounding factor in the quotes you provide is probably this: That in many gemaras, because of medieval censors, "Christian" or rather "Min" (Christian sectarian) was replaced with "Sadducee". See for example the London manuscript of Yoma 56b that you cited above. I have drawn a red arrow to ...


9

During the Second Temple Period, there were different sects with different interpretations of Judaism. The descendants of the Pharisees wrote the Talmud, which defined Orthodox Judaism as we know today. (What follows is from Rabbi Shneur Leiman's lecture on yutorah.org) The Dead Sea Scrolls belonged to a sect that was clearly not the Pharisees; it includes ...


7

Maimonides says no, though it is preferable that the mohel be a Jewish adult male. A Gentile should not preform the circumcision, but if he does, it need not be repeated (I assume by way of drawing blood). Shulkhan Arukh agrees. So for Sephardic Jews, there is no problem as long as the mohel is Jewish, and it is preferred that he not be a Gentile. However ...


6

I have just compared the weekday ma'ariv services in the following two books: Siddur Sim Shalom for Weekdays, September 2003 (2nd printing) Expanded Artscroll Siddur, Wasserman Edition, 2010 I found the following differences: Sim Shalom has two versions of the beginning of the t'filah, the usual text (page 142a) and the same text with the imahot ...


6

Yehuda Wiesen wrote a "Guide to Practical Halacha and Home Ritual for Conservative Jews" (available here), from which I quote (from the section concerning Shabbat): There are many and various so called minor restrictions, some of which the Conservative movement seems to follow and others that it does not. For example, Orthodox typically avoid use of ...


5

I'm not sure if you really need to source disapproval of R. Benamozegh specifically, because mainstream Orthodoxy doesn't consider him worth talking about (as you've discovered). Almost all of his unique viewpoints are considered heresy; just pick up any Chareidi-published book on the Principles of Faith. It would take a long time to list all of the places ...


5

One of the biggest deal-breakers in the ceremony -- more than the language of the ketubah -- is if the witnesses were shabbat-observant. There are other issues in non-Orthodox ceremonies, but that's by far the biggest. In theory the Talmud talks about situations where a couple would have in mind that if the wedding ceremony itself isn't valid, they would ...


5

I am not sure what you mean by a "halachically 'Jewish' Atheist". If you mean that he is Halachically jewish, the fact that he claims to be an atheist is irrelevant, he is a jew (as it says in Talmud Bavli Sanhedrin 44a a jew remains such regardless of sins committed) and cannot violate Shabbos and others cannot ask him to do so just like any other fully ...


5

The perspective of Orthodox Jews vis-a-vis the Dead sea scrolls varies from non recognition, ambivalence, to outright excitement. For those who do not view it as a life altering find see them as 1. Either a validation of what was already known to them ie. Small variance in textual differences due to a very solid mesorah. 2. the other non canonical scrolls ...


4

You may want to consider using Hagada - Mi Yodeya? Our companion to the Passover Hagada, featuring questions practice, lore, and thought spanning the Seder, from preparations to closing. That should make things interesting. :)


4

A few things that can help to engage people in the Seder: Acquire a stack of interesting Haggadot with commentaries in addition to a complete set of identical ones. Give everyone their own unique Haggadah and encourage them to find something interesting from it to share at the appropriate point in the Seder. Prepare a conversational question and go ...


4

depends whether you truly investigated the truth on this topic or whether you were just interested in writing papers. if the latter, tremendous burning regret. if the former, God will help you find it. And if He doesn't for whatever reason, though this is unlikely, then it's not your fault. Here are some relevant quotes on this from a major Jewish ...


3

I attended a halacha shiur when I was in yeshiva that addressed this issue. I believe that the posek that my rav was quoting was Rav Ovadiah Yosef zt"l; however, unfortunately, I lost my notes from that shiur, so I cannot confirm that this is correct. He said that, in general, one should not hear kiddush from someone who is mechalel shabbat; however, if a ...


3

There have been several different sects of Judaism almost since the beginning of the religion. The oldest movements were Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes and Zealots Medieval movements included Karaites and Rabbinical Judaism Rabbinical Judaism split into Chasidic, Orthodox, Reform and Conservative in the US today Other countries have similar ...


3

Sam gave this source in a comment last year, but no-one ever came to post an answer, so i'll do that now... In Igrot Moshe OC 1:23, he paskens that בשעת הדחק - in an emergency, someone who is publicly Mechallel Shabbat can be counted for a minyan, to say Barchu, Kadish, and Kedusha. However, for Torah reading, it is more important to have 10 religious Jews. ...


2

Rabbi Elyashiv Zatzal in Kovaitz Teshuvos 3:115 says that it is possible that the Gezaira of Chasnus applies also to a Mechalel Shabbos. Even though technically one can marry a non observant Jew, the Gezaira was made to keep us separate. יש מקום לומר, שכאשר גזרו על דבר משום חתנות,גזרו גם על מחלל שבתות. ואף על פי שאין איסור ממש להתחתן איתם, אבל הגזרות ...


2

As to their claim: Avot D'Rebbi Natan explains the origins of the Sadduccees and the Boethusians. Zadok and Boethus were students of Antigonus of Socho. He taught that "one should be like a servant who serves the master withoutexpecting a reward..." Somewhere along the chain of oral transmission1, Antigonus' teaching was misinterpreted to be saying that we ...


2

It appears from the Rambam (הלכות גירושין פרק י :כ-כ"ב) and other places that once a couple behaves as husband & wife, then they need a Get to become divorced - and permitted to marry other people. As a result, their divorce as a real one, and would disqualify her from marrying a Cohen.


2

There is room to discuss the validity of most aspects of a Reform conversion - if the Mikvah was a kosher Mikvah, then that would be fine. If the person had in mind to be responsible and accountable for mitzvos, even if they did not intend to keep them, then it would be a matter of dispute if that is valid, but it is possible. The main problem is the ...


2

If her mother's conversion was valid, then she is Jewish. If her mother's conversion was invalid, then she is not Jewish. That's all there is to it. She can proceed from there however she wants.


2

Your question ignores the reality of the twelve shvatim. Each with its own personality, its own sanhedrin, in some instances a definable different pronunciation of words and according to the Arizal different nuschaos hatefila. Having separate smaller groups is not necessarily a bad thing. I will relate a drasha I heard from one of my rebbeim in beis ...


2

I attended a partnership minyan Friday night. This is something new in my city and the organizers are still working out details. Here is what I learned there. The group formed after a conference session about (maybe organized by) JOFA. Their intention is to follow the guidelines/precedents from that organization. The service I attended was a normal ...


2

In short: there isn't, or at least, not sufficient evidence. The author of the article quoted in the question seems to misunderstand the sources he quotes. While it may be true that the Rashbam interpreted verse in question (Genesis 1:5) in a way that implies that night follows the day, he is in no way making a legal statement, and as he himself says ...


1

The Talmud in Kidushin says that 'Ein adam oseh be'ilato be'ilat znut'. Which means that a man living with a woman does not have the intention for an act of prostitution, rather means to make her his wife. Whether this applies today is questionable, but here they did intend to get married, so I would assume it applies. The main problem is when they split up ...


1

Partnership minyanim give women aliyot or let them lein, based on the Gemara in megillah (stressing the "women can ..." part, but not the "...but they shouldn't" part.) They wait for ten women's presence because, well because it feels nicer that way. And they let a woman be chazan for any part that you could skip altogether if you were in a rush.


1

A Reform conversion is not considered valid, certainly not by Orthodox Jews, and in most cases not even by Conservative Judaism. (I saw Conservative Judaism, rather than Conservative Jews, since Conservative-affiliated Jews in many cases may have a more Reform view of halacha.) So to be considered Jewish by the general Jewish community, Orthodox conversion ...



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