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14

Yes. The Talmud (Sanhedrin 105a; Rosh Hashanah 17a; See also Tosefos on Sanhedrin 13b) states that the wicked people of all nations will go to Gehenom (Hell), and that righteous people of all nations, Jew and non-Jew alike, will got to Gan Eden (Heaven). The Rambam (Maimonides) writes that anyone who has acquired knowledge of God and follows the Sheva ...


13

It might be because the Written Torah doesn't really go much into the topic. (Why that is so is a whole other question.) So people may have incorrectly concluded that these ideas weren't originally part of Judaism. Another possibility is that they mean that we don't believe in the popular conception of Heaven (angels with harps) or of Hell (fiery lakes, ...


9

The idea that most talk about is that Judaism's gehinom is not a place for the damned as the christian hell is. It's spiritual rehabilitation. Although not everyone is zoche to this- I'm not privy to their fate. Suggested reading with a Rebbi: Derech Hashem. "Gan Eden" and "Gehinom" are our labels for a spiritual phase, not the actual Gan Eden/Gehinom ...


8

In a word: no. You're using a great deal of Christian wording here, so let me state the way it's phrased from a Jewish perspective, and hopefully this helps: Barring some truly extreme cases, hell only lasts a maximum of twelve months before a soul can move on to higher realms. Jews believe that all Jews, except for a few special cases, have a share in ...


7

First, your question seems to imply a predefined notion of the concepts of heaven and hell. There is much discussion about these concepts amongst the Sages of the Talmud, the Rishonim, and Acharonim. Heaven: There is much reference in Talmudic literature to an afterlife for the righteous (i.e. those who follow God's commandments) called "Olam Habah" (World ...


7

Yes, Shabbat, Rosh Chodesh Chagim Holy Days However, people who desecrated Shabbat don't have any rest in Gehenom. Here's Zohar page that discusses it. (section 450-451) (Zohar Parshat Terumah, 150B)


7

Summary: One who drinks water on the eve of Shabbat or, according to other opinions, following mincha on Shabbat, steals water from the souls in Gehenom and thus harms them. There is little, if any, Scriptural discussion regarding the continued life of a soul following death, therefore we are left exploring the murky depths of Midrash. I refer you to the ...


5

To add to the other answers, Rav Yosef the son of R' Yehoshua ben Levi once fainted and his soul temporarily departed from him (below is the gemara from Pesachim 50a paraphrased by Kollel Iyun Hadaf): Question: "V'Hayah ba'Yom ha'Hu Lo Yihyeh Or Yekaros v'Kipa'on" - what are these?... R. Yehoshua ben Levi: "These are [rich] people who are Yekarim ...


5

Moshe Rabeinu went up to get the Torah and returned. "שמות יט ג: "ומשה עלה "שמות יט יד: "וירד משה Rabbi Yishmael Kohain Gadol went up to check if there was a Gezaira on the Asara Haragai Malchus.


5

Blasphemy is not the problem — it refers to cursing G-d with His name (Rambam, Melachim 9:3). The problem is idolatry, and the consensus is that Christianity is idolatry. However, the Rambam writes elsewhere (I can't find it right now) that a non-Jew only receives reward for doing the things he is commanded in if he does them because G-d commanded them; if ...


4

The Torah says (in the 10 commandments) that God punishes the guilty for 3 or 4 generations. In many places, I have seen people troubled by this idea, and the general kiruv answer is that if person's children do not do mitzvot, because of the sins of the parent the parent is punished for those lack of mitzvot and sins being done, up to 3 or 4 generations. ...


4

The Chid"a, in his Sefer Midbar Kedemot (Letter Gimmel, Section 12), brings R' Eliezer Nachman Pu'ah (also brought by the Chid"a in his Birchei Yosef O"C 419) who says that Gehenom does not rule on Shabbat, and Rosh Chodesh, but does rule on Yom Tov. The Chid"a then says the he found a Mordechai on Tractate Pesachim who says the same thing. The Chid"a ...


4

Here is a well known story about 4 who went to heaven http://www.chabad.org/kabbalah/article_cdo/aid/380344/jewish/Four-Who-Entered-Paradise.htm this is the opening to that webpage (there is a lot more about them and even a fictionalized account in a book if you want to delve): The Talmud (Chagiga 14b, Zohar I, 26b and Tikunei Zohar, Tikun 40) reports the ...


4

It's explained that even after passing away, he doesn't lose his "worldly" desires (or his thought, speech, or action in this world). Therefore, when he goes to Shamayim, those improper "clothes" remain attached to the soul, and the soul can't remove them. Therefore, to break that klipa, the soul is thrown down into a world of imagination, where he imagines ...


4

Avraham Avinu. See Rashi Bereshit 15:5 וַיּוֹצֵא אֹתוֹ הַחוּצָה וַיֹּאמֶר הַבֶּט נָא הַשָּׁמַיְמָה וּסְפֹר הַכּוֹכָבִים אִם תּוּכַל לִסְפֹּר אֹתָם וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ כֹּה יִהְיֶה זַרְעֶךָ: Rashi: ויוצא אתו החוצה: .... דבר אחר הוציאו מחללו של עולם והגביהו למעלה מן הכוכבים, וזהו לשון הבטה מלמעלה למטה: And He took him outside: .... Another ...


4

The Ramchal writes in a letter that in his time (already 300 years ago) there is no longer "one" soulmate for everyone - in earlier generations, complete souls came to the world, and each soul had it's other half. However, today our souls are actually just fractions of greater souls, and not necessarily is there a corresponding "piece" to your fraction of a ...


3

Eliyahu went in a storm to heaven (Melachim 2 2:1). (But see Sukah 5a which limits this and other ascents to heaven.)


3

No. The Talmud (מסכת סוטה כ"א עמוד א ) says: "מאי בוז יבוזו לו? אמר עולא: לא כשמעון אחי עזריה, ולא כר' יוחנן דבי נשיאה, אלא כהלל ושבנא, דכי אתא רב דימי, אמר: הלל ושבנא אחי הוו, הלל עסק בתורה, שבנא עבד עיסקא; לסוף אמר לו: 'תא נערוב וליפלוג!' יצתה בת קול ואמרה אם יתן איש את כל הון ביתו וגו'" “What does it mean, ‘He will scorn him to the ...


3

Scholars discuss why the Pentateuch does not directly mention the existence of worlds other than this one (though it does hint or refer to it in a couple of places). Some give reasons why these concepts are meant to be a part of the oral torah and not in the written Torah. Some rishonim say that these concepts would have been too abstract for the generation ...


3

Based on the Rekantti commentary, Breshit 19:27, towards the end. We say during the weekdays at night "Vehu rachum..." because at that time of day the Din starts at the Gehenom. He then says that for that reason we don't say it in Erev Shabat. Can we assume that whenever we don't say it, it means that there is no Din?


3

If by "unbelievers" you mean those who are not Jewish, then the answer is "no". The Talmud at Sanhedrin 105a says that the righteous of all nations shall have a place in the world to come. The question is "who is righteous?" As noted, a gentile who keeps the seven Noachide laws in all of their details is said to have attained the level of righteousness of ...


3

There are many different views on these matters. The Rambam in Moreh Nevuchim seems to take an original view that there is no such thing as hell. The righteous and wise will reach a level where their soul continues after death, but the wicked will cease to exist. The Rambam seems to hold that those who do not have the right beliefs will not be able to be ...


2

Perceptions of Judaism in popular culture are not often based on scrupulous study of Jewish sources. The reason for the perception is because a vast majority of Jews belong to liberal denominations that do not want to talk about hell. In fact, the "Pittsburgh Platform" of Reform Judaism rejected belief in hell as foreign to Judaism: We reassert the ...


2

(This answer is given without any references to actual sources -- just the colloquial understanding. The actual picture differs somewhat, for example, in Derech Hashem.) Christians believe hell is eternal. Jews believe that gehinnom is not (at least for the most part) -- one spends a maximum of 12 months in gehinnom being purified of his sins, and then ...


2

The idea of Sheol -- a place under the ground where the dead dwell -- appears throughout the Pentateuch and later books of the Tanakh. In the early books it's really nothing more than a figurative reference to the place where people are buried. Later in the Prophets there are some more detailed ideas about comings and goings. The Oral tradition elaborates on ...


1

וראה בשו"ת מהרש"ם (חלק ג סימן קנא) שהביא תשובת מהר"ם אלשקר (סימן קא), שהעתיק בענין זה תשובת רב האי גאון, וכתב שם שאין נתפס שום קנין בשכר עולם הבא, כי צדקת הצדיק עליו תהיה, ורשעת הרשע עליו תהיה. ע"ש. It is not possible (see the above Teshuvot and Sefer WeEn Lamo Michshol vol. 10).


1

Although the question asks about Biblical and talmudic personalities, I think it's worthwhile to note that tzaddikim way after this period visited heaven. Take the Baal Shem Tov for instance. The Baal Shem Tov used Kabbalah to experience an elevation of the soul to the heavenly realms. It was here that he met with Mashiach. The Baal Shem Tov asked, “When ...


1

Blessings have an effect. For example Kaddish takes the Neshama out of Gehenam and it raises Neshamot in Gan Eden to higher places (Shaar HaGilgulim Hk. 14). HaRav Musafi writes in his Sefer (Shivat Sion) that when someone says Hashkava for someone after the first year of their death it can Has WeShalom have a negative effect and may Has Weshalom lead to ...


1

HaRav Musafi writes in his Sefer (Shivat Sion) that when someone says Hashkava for someone after the first year of their death it can Has WeShalom have a negative effect and may Has Weshalom lead to the Neshama to get tortured. He also says that when someone reads the Haftara "Lezecher Nishmat" someone and makes mistakes it can also negatively effect the ...


1

Based on the Rambam there does not seem to be a notion of "Hell" in Judaism. If a person develops their soul and attaches it to the world of ideas, then when the body ceases, the soul will continue to exist in a non-physical state. There is no location of Heaven or any type of physical place. It can more be described as simply the Soul continues to exist ...



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