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9

This is called the Baader-Meinhof phenomenon. It happens when you notice something new or unique and then it seems like it keeps on coming up. It's just a psychological phenomenon and it's well known. What basically happens is that you notice something ordinary once, and after that happens you are kind of tuned in to see it happen other times when you ...


6

How about "ben torah"? (See e.g. here, here, and here.) You could also try "baal middos".


5

Actually, the standard English translations of all of the books you mentioned were done from the Arabic, not from a Hebrew intermediary: Rosenblatt's Book of Beliefs and Opinions, Pines' Guide of the Perplexed, Mansoor's Book of Direction to the Duties of the Heart.


4

It is fairly widespread, but not normative in the sense that is an objective teaching of Judaism that is incumbent on all faithful to believe. There's also some evidence that one should not believe it. What is meant by 'but at the end it shall speak and not lie?' — R. Samuel b. Nahmani said in the name of R. Jonathan: Blasted be the bones of those who ...


4

One very notable work of rationalist Jewish philosophy is (Hanivchar) B'emunot V'deot by Rav Saadya Gaon. Written in Arabic in the 10th century, it is the first systematic presentation and philosophic foundation of the dogmas of Judaism. The full text of a 20th century Hebrew translation can be found here. Another very notable rationalist work is the ...


3

Historically, the ideal Jew in most of Eastern Europe was praise as an "ehrlicher Yid". Unlike the modern favorite of "frum", the implications of ehrlich revolve more around those mitzvos related to honesty, kindness, in addition to meaning observant as a whole. “Frum” descends from the German “fromm“, meaning pious or devout. In pre-war Yiddish, usage ...


3

The Gemara in Taanit 3b says, אמר רבא מעלי תלגא לטורי כחמשה מטרי לארעא שנאמר (איוב לז, ו) כי לשלג יאמר הוא ארץ וגשם מטר וגשם מטרות עוזו Snow is beneficial to the mountains as fivefold rain to the earth, as it is said, For he saith to the snow, ‘Fall thou on the earth’; likewise to the shower of rain and to the showers of His mighty rain. See ...


2

The easy way to find the answer to this kind of question is to search a concordance. Here is an online concordance. A search for שלג reveals that it is used on two occasions in the Torah (Exodus 4:6 and Numbers 12:10), both to describe a tzara'as affliction as a particular shade of white. The word also occurs in various places in Tanach, which the ...


2

Written Torah and Oral Torah are different in kind. Written text is static, an orality is dynamic. Hashem didn't want to hand us halakhah, He wanted us to figure our which path we will take to redeem ourselves. This is an aspect of what it means when it says "these [the positions of Beis Shammai] and those [of Beis Hillel] are the Ideas of the 'Living' G-d. ...


2

Rav Menashe Klien was asked if one can say kiddush levana on the moon if they are physically on the moon. He answers in his Mishne Halachos 6:259 that there is no difference standing on the moon or earth with regards to saying kiddush levanah. He then writes that going to the moon altogether should be prohibited for two reasons 1) the travel to the moon is ...


2

In Hilchos Avodat Kochavim 11:15, the Rambam differentiates between the punisments for a person who actually does magic, versus a person who merely used slight of hand: המכשף חייב סקילה והוא שעשה מעשה כשפים אבל האוחז את העינים והוא שיראה שעשה והוא לא עשה לוקה מכת מרדות I'm sure plenty of readers would love to play with these words and adapt them to ...


2

Regarding the plagues in Egypt, his son R. Abraham writes in his Torah commentary (Exodus 7: 11) in the name of R. Saadya Gaon (9th-10th century) that when the Torah states that "they too did so with magic" it means that they tried to do it. He brings evidence that the term "they too did..." does not mean that they succeeded, from the later verse (8: 14) ...


2

Rabbi Wincelberg translated Rabbenu Avraham ben HaRambam's Kifayet al-Abidin (HaMaspik L'Ovdey Hashem) into English under the title The Guide to Serving God. According to his introduction it is the best translation of the Arabic.


1

Jewish action deals with the question Does God Have a Sense of Humor? and says that humor is an essential part of the Talmud. Rabbi Hershel Schachter (Nefesh HaRav, p. 69) cites Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik as suggesting that the statement is important for the mitzvah of vihalachta biderachav (following in God’s ways) we are told approvingly that Rabbah, ...


1

In Mas. Shabbos on daf 118b it says: Reb Yossi never called his wife "wife". He called her "my house". From this gemora I think it's the minhag not to call the wife by her name. אמר רבי יוסי: מימי לא קריתי לאשתי אשתי ולשורי שורי אלא לאשתי ביתי ולשורי שדי


1

The phrase "1,000 years is but a day" allows people to connect the existence of the world to the seven days of creation. Thus, each millenium in the existence of the world is the equivalent of a "day" of creation, with the seventh millennium (6001 - 7000) being the equivalent Shabbat. Since the year 6000 is the last year of "Erve Shabbat", the mashiach would ...


1

Quick answer is given by the Bartenura in משנה אבות א ג ויהי מורא שמים עליכם - אע"פ שאתה עובד מאהבה עבוד ג"כ מיראה. שהעובד מאהבה זריז במצות עשה, והעובד מיראה נזהר ממצות לא תעשה, ונמצאת דעבודתו שלימה. ‏ וכן אמרו חז"ל, עבוד מאהבה עבוד מיראה. עבוד מאהבה, שאם באת לשנוא דע שאתה אוהב ואין אוהב שונא. עבוד מיראה, שאם באת לבעוט דע שאתה ירא ואין ירא ...


1

In Mesilas Yasharim (ch 24), Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzato describes three kinds of fear: The lowest is fear of punishment. This is not fear of G-d, but it might be useful for keeping oneself in line. Fear of G-d comes in two sorts: fear of sinning -- not of the punishment, but of the sin itself, and awe of G-d's Grandeur. But when our sages speak of fear of ...


1

This question has many possible answers. At different times in history, circumstances were different. And so the answer, depending on where you look could vary. But it seems most appropriate to offer the kabbalistic answer most appropriate for this time. This can be found from the Ba'al Shem Tov as written in Keter Shem Tov, page 3:3. It is preferred that ...


1

The Gemara says that they gave Malkus to someone who was able to avoid tearing the Besulim, since it showed that he had much experience. There was a special blessing that was said upon seeing the blood. This suggests that there is something special about seeing the open witness to the purity. Chazal allowed Be'ilas Mitzva on Shabbos because it is ...


1

If I'm reading the text correctly, Del Mediggo is referring to the idea that the Ra'avad is giving in his explanation of the phrases, 'HaMelech HaKadosh' and 'Al tashiveinu', that they are referring to the Holy name of 72 triplets (216 letters). This name relates to converting 'Gevurot' to 'Chassadim' which is why this would be related to the 10 days of ...


1

Astrology is listed as part of prohibition #335 in the list of mitzvot here: Not to practice onein (observing times or seasons as favorable or unfavorable, using astrology) (Lev. 19:26) (CCN166). However, some sources including the Ein Yaakov disagree that astrology falls under the prohibition of me'onein; see here.



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