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3

First of all, the plain-sense meaning of the verse (even without the te'amim) is that בהר and יי are in construct ("the mountain of God"), as is evidenced by the niqqud. As mevaqesh noted in a comment on the previous answer, "on the mountain" is בָּהַר (bahar), while בְּהַר (behar) means "on the mountain of". So the niqqud and the te'amim are, in this ...


3

Chazal state that Har Hamoriah and the place Yaakov slept were identical to Har Sinai, which is called "Har Hashem." Matan Torah was the point where Hashem "made himself seen on the Mountain of Hashem," which would be the literal interpretation of the text when using the masoretic taamim. He also appeared to Yaakov at that location, who identified the place ...


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To borrow Avraham Yitzchak's answer here, the Mechilta cited by Rashi (19:24) explains that the second warning was necessary as per the principle of repeated warning, before and during act.


2

Unlike Rashi (19:24) who understands that Moshe was questioning God, R. Saadya Gaon writes that he was troubled by this verse for many years until he saw in a certain work that a servant tells his master that he has completed an assigned task upon receiving a command for the next task. Similarly, Moshe was merely telling God that he had performed his ...


4

The Kedushas Levi explains that Moshe was responding to Hashem according to Moshe's own perception - Moshe lived on a level where if Hashem said no, then it is impossible to disobey - Hashem's command is reality, and it's inviolable. Therefore he said "They can't come up, because You told them not to." Hashem's response was "לך רד" - go down; go down to ...


5

Rashi answers your question when he says on verse 24: Go, descend: And warn them a second time. We admonish a person before the act [he is to perform], and we admonish him again at the time of the act [when it is to be performed]. [from Mechilta] Moshe evidently thought that one warning was enough and the intent of his response was to understand ...



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