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13

Mishna in Makoth 2:7 וְכֹהֵן גָּדוֹל שֶׁהָרַג , אֵינוֹ יוֹצֵא מִשָּׁם לְעוֹלָם A Cohen Gadol who kills goes to the Ir Miklat forever. They would have to appoint another one, to do the Avoda on Yom Kippour, as the first one loses his job as Kohen Gadol, as the Rambam הלכות רוצח ושמירת נפש at (7:14) says about all those sentenced to Ir Miklat, after ...


12

In Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh De'ah 157:1, the Ramma quotes a Beis Yoseif saying that shaas hashmad is only when the gizeira (decree) is specifically against Jews. The Shach there (#6) clarifies that if the gizeira is against the entire medina (country or jurisdiction), even though Jews are included, it is not called shaas hashmad.


6

The principle of Stam v'yesh halacha k'stam is itself a subject of dispute. According to Rav Ovadia Yosef and his sons, when you see a stam v'yesh in the Mechaber, you hold like the stam completely, and don't have to be concerned about the opinion of the yesh at all. Some sources: Yabia Omer vol 9 in his notes on Ohr L'Tziyon, Halichot Olam volume 7 ...


6

Rambam Rotzeah 7:9 (English) אחד כוהן גדול המשוח בשמן המשחה, ואחד המרובה בבגדים; ואחד כוהן גדול העובד, ואחד הכוהן שעבר: כל אחד מארבעתן שמת, מחזיר את הרוצח.‏ If any of the current or former Kohanim Gedolim die, he goes free. As the Mishna (Megillah 1:9) states: the only difference between a current and former Kohein Gadol is that the bull offered ...


6

This is an oversimplification, but the question is also very general. I will preface with another two questions. Why is it that if someone rules according to Beis Shamai, or for that matter any opinion in the gemara that we don't rule with he is chastised, even when being stringent, but when it comes to geonim and rishonim there is an allowance to use other ...


6

I'd say if an average human, using an average human brain and eye, can't figure out the pattern, that's good enough. Rabbi Asher Weiss discusses the criteria of "does an unaided human notice it?" with regards to triggering some change deep instead some semiconductor someplace that I'd never notice. He points out that I may not drag a heavy bench on shabbos ...


6

The Aruch Hashulchan (308:3-5) quotes Tosafos in Bava Kama who says that it was initially only a temporary enactment: בימי נחמיה בן חכליה שהיו פרוצים בחילול שבתות מהזמן שהיו בבבל, עמד הוא ועזרא וחגי זכריה ומלאכי ואנשי כנסת הגדולה וגזרו על דורם עוד חומרות, ולא התירו רק ג' כלים. ולא היתה גזירות קבועות לדורות, וכן כתבו מפורש רבותינו בעלי התוספות בבבא קמא (צ"ד: ...


6

Rabbi Eliezer spent the latter years of his life in Cheirem because he refused to accept a "majority" opinion that disagreed with his own. In case you think that is doesn't apply to be "strict on yourself only", there's an incident in Mishnah (Brachot 1:3) about Rabbi Tarfon who endangered himself to "lie down" to say the night-time K'riyat Shema. His ...


6

In my current and previous workplaces I have been the only visibly practicing Jew, and I got (and get) questions fairly often. Now my coworkers, unlike your people on the street, aren't asking me to make a ruling for them (they're not Jews), but I think in both cases we are seen as a representative, possibly a source of authority, so people who want to know ...


6

The Maharal (e.g. in Derech Chaim chapter 5 p.259 in old version) limits the extent of the application of "elu v'elu" to the disputes of Beth Shammai and Beth Hillel. He further explains that it does not mean Beth Shammai are halachically right - rather that indeed though they are wrong with regard to psak halacha (as indicated by the bath kol that announced ...


5

I doubt you would find any Halachic authorities who recommend giving a conditional Get. The reason being that after giving such a Get, he may not seclude himself with his wife. If he did seclude himself - and there are witnesses, then even if she subsequently fulfills the condition on the Get, she is only possibly divorced - הֲרֵי זוֹ סְפֵק מְגֹרֶשֶׁת. ...


5

There is a dispute of the Rishonim as to whether or not daughter in law is a relationship prohibited to Noahides (Ramban vs. Rashba). The Ramban (to Yevamos 98a) holds that Noahides have no prohibition of relationships with relatives who are not blood relatives. He brings a proof to this from the fact that Yehuda absolved Tamar upon discovering her ...


5

Put quite simply, the Rambam's Mishneh Thorah is not only the most complete, but the most simple and easily understood of codified halakhah ever written. Although he is often portrayed as an innovator when it comes to codification, this is simply untrue. Rather, he should be properly seen as capstone - the makeh be-faTish as it were - in this endeavor. ...


5

First off, this is a perfectly valid and very important question, and it deserves a thorough, well thought out answer. While I'm not sure I can provide that, I'll try to give at least a small answer to try to explain this phenomenon. There is a concept in the tradition known as "Shivim Panim Latorah" which loosely translates to 'there are 70 interpretations ...


5

תלמוד בבלי מסכת עירובין דף יג עמוד ב אמר רבי אבא אמר שמואל: שלש שנים נחלקו בית שמאי ובית הלל, הללו אומרים הלכה כמותנו והללו אומרים הלכה כמותנו. יצאה בת קול ואמרה: אלו ואלו דברי אלהים חיים הן, והלכה כבית הלל חידושי הריטב"א מסכת עירובין דף יג עמוד ב אלו ואלו דברי אלהים חיים. שאלו רבני צרפת ז"ל היאך אפשר שיהו שניהם דברי אלהים חיים וזה אוסר וזה מתיר, ותירצו כי ...


4

Rav Moshe Hershler answers (Halacha U'Refua vol. 2 p.65) that this is the natural way of the world, and things that are part of the natural way of the world are not forbidden. Thus someone is allowed to take on a dangerous profession because earning a living is a natural part of the world. In that case, even though there is no Mitzvah to specifically choose ...


4

The Rambam himself says in הלכות שביתת יום טוב - פרק ראשון כב יוֹם טוֹב שֵׁנִי אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהוּא מִדִּבְרֵי סוֹפְרִים כָּל דָּבָר שֶׁאָסוּר בָּרִאשׁוֹן אָסוּר בַּשֵּׁנִי. וְכָל הַמְחַלֵּל יוֹם טוֹב שֵׁנִי וַאֲפִלּוּ שֶׁל רֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה בֵּין בְּדָבָר שֶׁהוּא מִשּׁוּם שְׁבוּת בֵּין בִּמְלָאכָה בֵּין שֶׁיָּצָא חוּץ לַתְּחוּם מַכִּין אוֹתוֹ מַכַּת ...


4

To answer a mistaken premise of the question -- boneh is possible on the human body. See Shabbos 107a: המפיס מורסא בשבת אם לעשות לה פה חייב אם להוציא ממנה לחה פטור If someone pops a pimple on Shabbos -- if he did so to make an opening, then he is liable for punishment; if he intended to remove the pus from inside, he is not liable Rashi there ...


4

Put quite simply, the Rambam's Mishneh Thorah is not only the most complete, but the most simple and easily understood of codified halakhah ever written. Although he is often portrayed as an innovator when it comes to codification, this is simply untrue. Rather, he should be properly seen as capstone - the makeh be-faTish as it were - in this endeavor. ...


4

(All translations are my own) Shulchan Aruch C.M. 73:14 (discussing the selling of collateral after the time of collection of a loan has passed - see :12) יש מי שאומר שאע"פ שעבר זמן ההלואה צריך להמתין מלמכור המשכון שלשי' יום אחר תביע הגה: וא"צ לתובעו בב"ד רק יתבענו בפני עדים שיפרענו ואח"כ יעכבנו ל' יום וימכרנו ואפי' אם תבעו רק בינו לבינו מהני אם הלוה ...


4

This article from Tzomet is mainly focused on the use (non-use) of microphones on Shabbat. Within it, he cites the Talmud Shabbat source and explains: According to Rashi, mashmi’a kol does not belong to the category of melacha, but is rather for*bidden because it constitutes a sort of “weekday activity”(uvdin d’chol) and “denigration of Shabbat” ...


4

Although he claims he didn't invent it, the Ramma was the one who popularized hephsed meruba, so I will quote what he has to say about it, found in his forward to Toras Chatas. This is my rough translation of dibur hamaschil והנה. And behold I will save myself in one respect so that the reader will not suspect me. For sometimes I will write to be ...


4

In terms of your last question, two explanations are given by Tosafot (Pesachim 7b) as to why the blessing can/should be after washing: וכן בנטילת ידים לא חילקו בין נטילה של אחר בית הכסא דלא מצי לברך קודם מיהו בנטילה יש טעם אחר לברך אחר נטילה קודם ניגוב כדאמרינן (סוטה ד:) האוכל לחם בלא ניגוב ידים כאילו אוכל לחם טמא [By] Neilat Yadayim they did not ...


4

The Ramma in siman 90 siff 23 explains the reason not to pray in front of pictures is because it distracts one from concentrating. This is the same reasoning The Mishna Berurah there uses to explain the Mechaber. So in fact any picture that distracts, such as one found on clothing as the Mechaber mentioned, are problematic. The Mishna Berurah also ...


4

According to Gaonic tradition, there are 30 Mitzvot that women are exempted from. בתשובות הגאונים ליק (סימן קכ) מובאת מסורת בשם ר' סעדיה גאון וכתוב שם כך:‏ כתב רבנו סעדיה גאון ז"ל שלשים מצות הן שהאנשים חייבים והנשים פטורות, ולא פירש אותן. והרב ר' יצחק בן גיאת כתב פירושן ואלו הן: מילה. ‏ והראיה. ‏ ויוצא צבא כל זכר.‏ ושקלים ...


4

The Talmud (Art Scroll Yevamot volume 2 63a4) PDF of actual gemara page states: Rav's wife would aggravate him. When he would tell her, "Prepare me lentils." she would [instead] prepare chimtzei (Rashi - possibly peas) [If he said, "Prepare me] chimtzei", she would [instead] prepare lentils. (Meiri states that she would do the opposit of what he ...


4

Great question. The halakhah actually discusses the idea of having "ready-made" ssissiyyoth which are then attached to the corner of a garment. This concept is called `oseh min ha-'asui (essentially, "attempting to fulfill the misswah [of ssissith] from something already made beforehand"), and it is not permissible. The Rambam (Hilkhoth Ssissith 1:12-13) ...


3

There have been several different sects of Judaism almost since the beginning of the religion. The oldest movements were Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes and Zealots Medieval movements included Karaites and Rabbinical Judaism Rabbinical Judaism split into Chasidic, Orthodox, Reform and Conservative in the US today Other countries have similar ...


3

The Rashba (Toras HaBayis, Bayis 4, Shaar 1, 11b. Also in his chiddushim on kiddushin 73a d"h mamzer vaday) says it's a Torah principle. The Ran (Kiddushin 15b according to the Rif pages) also holds it's a Torah principle. The Rambam (Perek 12 in hilchos tumas hames, halacha 12) holds it's a principle from the Rabbis. The Pri Chadash (Klalei sfek sfeka, ...



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