Hot answers tagged hagbah
My Hagbaha Guidelines Make sure there is an empty chair behind you to sit down on at the end Roll the torah to a seam in the klaf sections. This is not to aid the one performing it, but helps if one pulls the Torah outward with too much force in the process of lifting it up, that a tear will occur on a seam where it can be repaired instead in the middle ...
While it is on the bimah, turn the Torah around so that the opening is away from you and then open up the scroll. You should be looking at the back of the Torah, standing immediately next to the bimah. Put your right hand so that it is on the right vertical edge of the right side of the case (reverse instructions for lefties), about half way up. Slowly ...
The Chidah in Shu"t Chaim Sha'al 1:71:2 brings down that if one is sitting and holding a sefer Torah and a Rebbe passes by one should not get up. Also, I believe if one sits with a Torah during hakafos it is fine.
When the sefer torah is lifted from the bimah the tzibbur has to stand Sources: Refer to Rashba 3:281, Radavz 6:shnei alofim 16:page 39, Elya Rabbah 149:1, Shach Y.D. 242:38, Shar Ha'tzyion 146:18, Sharei Ephraim 10:18, Sharei Chaim 10:19, Be'er Moshe 3:23:2, Yalkut Yosef 2:134:16, Yisroel B'mamadam 25:63, see Magen Avraham end of 141. One should ...
Practical answer: Open the Sefer to 3 columns Hold the Sefer and pull it about half-way off the Bima Push down until it's vertical and lift it up Then you can turn slowly around and sit down. On weekdays, first unwrap the Tefilin from your hand and rewind it around your sleeve.
It's generally considered respectful for the congregation to stand whenever the Torah is out but not "at rest." When it's sitting on the bima; when it's being held by someone seated (e.g. during the haftorah reading); and when it's in the Aron are all situations where it's "at rest." When it's being picked up it's not "at rest", so it's appropriate to ...
The reason we do Hagbah is to show the congregation what parsha we are reading. For this reason, the Sephardi minhag of doing Hagbah BEFORE reading makes far more sense. Sephardim also point to exactly where we are going to read. (Note - I am Ashkenaz)
AFAIR, the chazan puts the Torah on the Bimah (the table where the Torah is read) (which is level to the ground, not tilted upwards). It is then picked up and opened away from the person doing Hagbah. I don't know of any public domain images, but here are a few pictures on Google images.
The Mishnah Berurah (146:17) explains the ruling of the Mechaber that one doesn't need to stand for keriat ha-torah, because when the Torah is "in its place" one doesn't need to stand: א"צ לעמוד וכו' - ואפילו העומדים על הבימה דא"צ לעמוד מפני ס"ת אלא כשאדם נושאה אבל כשמונחת במקומה א"צ...וכן אפילו כשאחד תופסה בידו כגון בעת שקורין ההפטרה כיון שהוא יושב במקומו ...
Short answer: like any good subject in Judaism; there isn't only one answer. the 360° turn seems to be unanimous but the right-left is sometimes percieved as a custom and sometimes as a mistake. The main sources that I found are Masehet Sofrim, Mishna Brura "B, 30" & Hazon Ish's custom. [מסכת סופרים, משנה ברורה ב', סימן קל"ד ס"ק ב' ומנהג של החזון איש] ...
The Ramban in parshas Ki Tavo on passuk 27:26 brings the idea of hagbah: אמרו על דרך אגדה, זה החזן, שאינו מקים ספרי התורה להעמידן כתקנן שלא יפלו. ולי נראה, על החזן שאינו מקים ספר תורה על הצבור להראות פני כתיבתו לכל, כמו שמפורש במסכת סופרים (יד יד) שמגביהין אותו ומראה פני כתיבתו לעם העומדים לימינו ולשמאלו ומחזירו לפניו ולאחריו, שמצוה לכל אנשים ...
In sefer Tshuvos Avigdor Halevi (Rav Nebontzal) page 181:46 he was asked does the one who did hagbah have to stand when the shatz says kaddish after uvo l'tzion(sefard) if he always stands? He answers no since the Torah does not have to get up.
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