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If you see the previous verse (22), it is obviously a statement about mankind. Mor, you can see that the verse 22 states "האדם". G-d chase away mankind from Garden of Eden.


Adam is tzurah, Chava is chomer. The chet etz hadaas was to split the hashpaah of tzurah and chomer so each became destructive in its own right, es hakruvim (chomer) vees lahat hacherev (tzurah). Adam (super tzurah) now needs to serve the earth to reconnect himself to chomer. Chava (super chomer) now needs pain in child bearing to create tzurah (through ...


A detailed explanation of the two root theory can be in Edward Horowitz, How the Hebrew Language Grew, chapter 14 "How Two Letters Become Three." The book has been republished several times and is available on Amazon.


The most straightforward reading of the passuk is most likely "And Hashem God banished him (Adam) from Gan Eden to work the ground from which he (Adam) was taken" and, as can easily be inferred, Chavah as well, though she was neither to work the ground nor taken from the ground. Why it specifies Adam specifically? Who knows. Maybe there was a bigger concern ...


The Kamatz-Katan version was introduced by R SZ Hanau (Shaarei Tefillah 300) by comparison with verses like Genesis 42:10. His Siddur indeed has a Makkaf. Later editions seem to have either taken the Makkaf as assumed or omitted it through ignorance. It seems the original version had the full Cholam.


Refer to DoubleAA's answer regarding the original version. It seems that originally, the usage was לשבות, and the use of the kamatz kattan with a makaf came in later. Since you questioned the general usage of the kamatz kattan by comparing it with Rashi's explanation, This site explains the general use of the kamatz katan. A Kamatz is Kamatz Katan if ...


See here (footnote 1): In their first endnote on the book Heilman and Friedman express surprise that Lubavitch emissaries are referred to as shluchim: “The precise Hebrew or Yiddish word for emissaries would be ‘shlichim,’ but for whatever reason, Lubavitchers have chosen to use the term ‘shluchim,’ perhaps to distinguish themselves from all other types ...

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