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Actually, it does. Just not in a faulty translation. In the Hebrew it says "Four tzon for a seh." Tzon means flock of sheep-or-goats, and seh means a young sheep-or-goat. So the penalty for a goat is 4x, just like for a sheep. Similarly in Deut. 14:4. "The following animals are kosher. An ox, a sheep-seh, and a goat-seh ..." The Passover "lamb" ...


Rambam rules that although it is completely Biblically prohibited to steal from a gentile (Geneva 1:1), one would only have to pay back the value he stole if he did so (2:1). There is no fine imposed in this case.


Of course it is a sin to steal land in Israel for many reasons and there is no denying that! Anyone who does it is doing the wrong thing and it is not what God wants Jews to do now, as almost all Rabbis teach. Even though it may not technically be stealing (because it is God-given Jewish land, and we never gave up hope to return to it after being driven out ...


I will start by addressing the specific question that you have asked here: "According to Halacha, is it a sin for a Jew to take control over some land in Eretz Yisrael when this land was taken against the will of its previous controller (regardless of whether it was occupied or empty, and whether there was violence involved in the transition)?" The answer ...

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