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14

It depends on your boss and on local custom. If local custom generally accepts short personal business during work hours, and your boss never stipulated otherwise when you were hired, then it's OK. If local custom can't be determined, then you need to honestly assess whether your boss would mind. A posek once provided a rule of thumb: if the boss would ...


13

There are essentially two issues here: Am I somehow stealing from the owner (by taking away bandwidth)? Does the fact that the owner left it open mean he/she agrees to me using it? Am I somehow stealing from the ISP (or perhaps causing the owner to violate his/her TOS agreement with the ISP)? In each of these 2 problems we have yet another split: What ...


10

The g'mara in B'rachot 5b relates the story of R. Huna, who seemed to be being punished for something (his wine soured). It was suggested that he had failed to pay a share-holder, to which he replied that said person had stolen from him. They cite a proverb that "if you steal from a thief you also have a taste of it". The g'mara relates that he pledged to ...


10

Well you have to remember that in those days houses were not quite like they are today. The floors were earthen and they (the houses) were generally only 1 story high. So the simplest way to get into a house is to dig under the wall. Going through the front door is problematic: a) it's in a location where it's super-easy for the owner to notice (squeak) b) ...


10

I believe it's been out of copyright for a while. You can access the whole book online here: http://www.tyndalearchive.com/TABS/Jastrow/ It's also available on Google Books, though I only found Vol. 2 there. Vol 1 and Vol 2 are available on Hebrewbooks.org.


8

There are several issues: If the person is paying by data used, he is losing through your download, so you are a damager and it would be forbidden Just because the person left it open doesn't mean he doesn't mind other people using it, he might just not know how to lock it. If there is a clause in his contract to the ISP not to let others use his ...


8

This is called מציל עצמו בממון חבירו, saving yourself at the expense of someone else's property. Fred is indeed liable to pay Ernie for any damages, even if he was trying to save his own life (Shulchan Aruch, Choshen Mishpat 380:3), and certainly if it was just to save his own property from theft or confiscation (ibid. 292:8 and and 388:2).


7

The Gemara says that a non-Jew is liable to death for stealing less than a penny. "אמר רבי חייא בר אבא אמר רבי יוחנן בן נח נהרג על פחות משוה פרוטה ולא ניתן להשבון" The Rambam agrees.


6

To show how much they love the mitzva. (Mekor Chaim - Chavos Yair) Based on the Mishna in Pesachim that says the children grab the Matza so they shouldn't fall asleep. (Chasam Sofer) Dogs watch the house from burglars. On the night of Pesach the dogs did not bark therefore they were vulnerable to thieves. As a Zecher to this we steal the Afikoman. ...


6

Even so, the definition of chamas, as opposed to gezel, according to Rabbi Chanina in Bereishit Rabba is less than a shava peruta. (So too Rav Acha in Yerushalmi Bava Metzia.) Since the pasuk mentioned chamas, rather than gezel, it is a midrashic approach to look at the halachic definition of a chamsan. The courts back then, presumably, did not work ...


6

I asked my local Orthodox rabbi. (FYI: he's Chareidi.) He said that ad-blocking software is permissible to use. He added that even if it's hard for webmasters to detect and work around adblockers, that's no problem for me: some things in life are hard. My rabbi said it was fine for me to post his ruling online. But he asked me not to mention his name ...


5

I'm not sure if this is an answer or a comment, since I don't actually know R' Yitzchok of Vorki's source. In a story published in Parshat Yitro of Shlomo Yosef Zevin's book, translated by Artscroll as "A Treasury of Chassidic Tales", a story that addresses this is brought. In short, R' Yitzchok of Vorki (before he became Rebbe) once said that "when one is ...


5

On a more basic level, perhaps, it's just this: People looking at these camels wouldn't know that they instinctively don't eat stuff that's not theirs - they would think that, like any animals, they'll freely graze anywhere if given the chance. So Avraham had them muzzled in order to demonstrate to all the necessity of respecting other people's property.


5

The Chasam Sofer is infuriated that people are gambling on Chanukah. He says if it was up to him, he'd say "if you'll pick one night to gamble anyhow, do it on December 25th when you're not learning Torah anyhow", but that would mean he'd be telling people to gamble on a night when they might not otherwise be (years such as this when chanukah falls out well ...


5

It may depend on the condition of the bills when he stole them and when he's repaying the theft. Shulchan Aruch, Choshen Mishpat 360:7 (from Bava Kamma 96b) states: הגוזל מעות ישנות ושיפן וחידשן לא קנה שהרי מתיישנין וחוזרים כשהיו. גזל מעות חדשים וישנן קנה שאם יחדשם פנים חדשות הם If one steals old coins, and polishes them to make them appear new, he ...


5

I think you're confused. If someone stole and then confessed, they just pay it back. If one FALSELY SWORE after stealing something, then felt guilty, then in addition to a guilt sacrifice, one must pay it back plus "a fifth" (actually a quarter, but that's a story for another day). See Leviticus 5:20. Gezel HaGer (Numbers 5:5) is simply a special case of ...


4

Business Halacha Institute answered that it is prohibited to do so. Their full quote: Thank you for contacting us about this interesting matter. The answer to your inquiry is that it would indeed be prohibited for one to jam the signal so that others would not be able to use their cell phones. However, it is unlikely that the damaged parties would be ...


4

See http://www.businesshalacha.com/webfm_send/860 and http://www.daat.ac.il/daat/english/halacha/schneider_1.htm. There are several reasons why copying tapes could be prohibited. Many poskim hold that "Intellectual property" is like real property. One who steals "intellectual property" is like real stealing. When one sells a tape, one could make a ...


4

This example given by the Torah in  נָשׂ֗א , פרק ה and is explained by Hazal that it involves stealing from a convert. It seems that the idea of a born Jew not having any relatives is considered impossible by Hazal (as brought by Rashi). In the case of the convert, the principle value of the stolen item ( or [according to Rambam] the item itself if it is ...


4

There is a concept of taking the law into your own hands. How it applies is debated. The Shulchan Aruch C.M. 4:1 would agree to your last case where a person is retrieving his own object. The Rema there brings other interpretations of the law.


4

To answer Let me begin with a story that happened in an office to illustrate a point. There was a person who worked in a frum office and brought his own milk and every day. The milk would mysteriously go missing at the end of every day. He tried many different preventative measures including writing "Lo Signov" on the milk all of this accomplished nothing, ...


4

Torah Temima on the pasuk: The clothes were used by Eisav when he was performing his priestly chores. It is hinted by the use of bna hagadol (her elder son). It is not written bna habechor (her firstborn) because we know he sold the bechora to Ya'akov. How does this answer the question.? I think that if these clothes were meant for the priestly job, she ...


4

Just to back Alex up: Yes it's allowed. The simple understanding is that the obligation to save a life overrides virtually all commandments, which would include "don't steal" or "don't damage your neighbor's property." There is some discussion about this, but that appears to be our conclusion. (Yet the Gemara seems to have debated it; either we conclude ...


4

R. Asher Weiss addresses this question in his responsa Minchat Asher (siman 111, p. 378). Here is my paraphrase: A person may have an item which is worth a great deal to him for sentimental reasons, such as an object that he inherited from his ancestors, or a picture of his parents or a family album, even though these items have no value on the ...


4

Short answer: no, it's not a formal prohibition, but it's still wrong to prevent someone from sleeping. From http://www.dinonline.org/2013/11/05/gezel-sheina-stealing-sleep/ The sefer “Ve-Ahavta Le-Re’acha Kamocha” notes that Rav Chaim of Brisk used the expression “gezel sheina,” implying that waking somebody up needlessly is a form of theft. ...


3

To fill in on Adam's answer: Rambam concludes his Laws of Hiring with the following: ט אבל אין הפועל רשאי לעשות מלאכתו בלילה, ולהשכיר עצמו ביום, או לדוש בפרתו ערבית, ולהשכירה שחרית; ולא יהיה מרעיב ומסגף עצמו, ומאכיל מזונותיו לבניו, מפני גזל מלאכתו של בעל הבית, שהרי יכשל כוחו ותחלש דעתו ולא יעשה מלאכה בכוח. י [ז] כדרך שמוזהר בעל הבית שלא יגזול שכר ...


3

Pure speculation here, since I don't have archaeological evidence to support this idea, but tunneling may also have been simpler (quieter, quicker, less noticeable) than breaking through a door. Picture a dog tunneling under a fence to get out of a backyard, not Andy Dufresne tunneling through concrete walls to escape Shawshank. Now try picturing a battering ...


3

In O"C (63:5) the Shulchan Aruch rules that one must wake up a sleeping person in time for him to recite the Krias Shma. Plainly, one may wake up another if the sleeper is about to lose the opportunity to fulfill a positive obligation, and not worry about Gezel Shinah. In the OP's case, it might be argued that the sleeper can fulfill the mitzvah of Talmud ...


3

What you are referring to is תקנת השבים - Takanat-Hashavim - a special dispensation for those who repent. By the strict letter of the law, you have to return what you stole. If it no longer exits, then you have to pay for it. However, since it would be a more inconvenience to return certain items, Chazal declared that the thief may keep those items and pay ...



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