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1

If a non-Jew cooks food of the type which is not normally eaten raw, then the food is forbidden for a Jew, and the utensils may not be used by a Jew until they are koshered. Many Ashkenazi (European) Jews are lenient that if a Jew lit the fire, then this law does not apply. Sephardic Jews (Spanish, North African or Oriental origin) are more strict, and for ...


1

I'll answer a piece of your question in terms of literal definition as well as "historical" usage: "Goy" means "nation" and Jews are referred to as a "goy" in numerous places in the Torah. This week's parsha, perhaps, represents the 1st such "usage" in Breishit 12:2, "An I shall make you into a great nation" (Heb. - "Goy Gadol"). "Nachri" means "stranger" ...


3

The substitutions come from censorship of printing over the years. Christian censors were generally more comfortable with עכו"ם - meaning worshiper of stars and constellations, as those Christian censors felt it did not include them. It is not really known in many cases what the original term of the text was due to this censorship, but now that we no longer ...


0

The number 70 in the time of Chazal was a "typological number" meant to convey a generic large number, much like people today use the term "millions" even if they do not actually mean that many. Thus, you find in the Talmud many instances of the number 70 which are clearly not meant to be exactly 70: ... המנבל פיו ומוציא דבר נבלה מפיו אפילו נחתם לו גזר ...


6

A star of David necklace is not a ritual object (just pretty jewelry), and I've never seen anybody take offense at one being given by a non-Jew. This is, in fact, one of the safest Jewish items you can buy; were you to try to select books or ritual objects, you would quickly run into matters of differences in tradition and would risk getting the "wrong" ...


4

in this phase of history we are supposed to be working on being good students not good teachers. the messianic era is when the Jews will be the teachers of humanity and the light unto the nations. source Rabbi Uziel Milevsky, former chief rabbi of mexico http://dafyomireview.com/audio/m04-3_flaws_of_man_and_role_of_jews.mp3 nevertheless, he brings some ...


2

It's mentioned in the Medrash Raba - Metzora 17:6 that the Girgashi went to Afriki (sic) instead of fighting with Yehoshua. גִּרְגָּשִׁי עָמַד [ופנה] מֵאֵלָיו, לְפִיכָךְ נִתְּנָה לוֹ אֶרֶץ יָפָה כְּאַרְצוֹ, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב (ישעיה לו, יז): עַד בֹּאִי וְלָקַחְתִּי אֶתְכֶם אֶל אֶרֶץ כְּאַרְצְכֶם, זוֹ אַפְרִיקֵי. ‏ In the Medrash Raba in Shelach ...


1

The most accessible form of mikva is a natural lake or the ocean (assuming you live near a coast). These are considered the ideal mikvaos though most use man-made mikvaos for a variety of other reasons. Natural springs also qualify as mikvaos and in fact purify from things which conventional mikvaos do not. All of these are easily accessible to anyone.


0

I usually just say "Jewish dietary laws," if a short explanation is required, and that usually suffices. If they want more information, you can start explaining that there are certain things that Jews are not allowed to eat -- pork and milk+meat being the most widely known examples. That's usually (IME) the farthest that this will go. If they ask you why ...


2

Rabbi Tzvi Freeman of Chabad.org has suggested that Noahides should draw on aspects of the traditional faith in which they were raised. For example, see here: http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/857823/jewish/Should-I-Convert-to-Judaism.htm Under this line of thinking, a Noahide with Muslim roots should not practice Islam exactly, but a Noahidism ...


2

Presumably he's referring to Tosefta Nezikin 10:8: הגוזל את הנכרי חייב להחזיר לנכרי חמור גזל הנכרי מגזל ישראל מפני חילול השם. הגוזל את הנכרי ונשבע לו ומת אינו מתכפר לו מפני חילול השם.‏ One who steals from a non-Jew is obligated to return [the object] to the non-Jew. Stealing from non-Jews is more stringent than stealing from Jews because of ...


8

Coming in late to the party, so this just comes to reinforce Yishai's answer, but I feel compelled to mention the Rambam's "Iggeret Teyman". Background: The "Epistle to Yemen" was written by Maimonides back in 1172, specifically to answer the rabbis of the Jewish community in Yemen who were being forced to convert to Islam. There was apparently a ...



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