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Shulchan Arukh YD 294:9 (based on Kiddushin 39a) rules that doubtful (safek) Orlah in the Diaspora is permitted; only certain (vadai) Orlah is prohibited. Even if you know the fruit came from a orchard with Orlah trees, if you don't know which tree it came from then it is permitted. So any fruit you find in the grocery which was not imported from Israel and ...


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The implication from here would seem to be that you would only make a "haetz"; though personally I'm skeptical and think that there's probably not enough acknowledgment that the fish is socially/psychologically the main component of sushi (historically, I believe rice was just used as a way to preserve the raw fish and that other components are just added as ...


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Since the majority of produce on the market is not Orlah, we can assume that any given fruit etc. it is permissible, using the halachic principle of rov. (Regarding Reva'i, I'm pretty sure it doesn't apply in the diaspora. The mishna in Kiddushin only mentions Orlah.) (I'll try to add an explicit source later).


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The question was asked by the Satmer Rav quoted here. As cited there he answered The customs are indeed appropriate. On the day when trees are “judged,” we are interested in determining the success of the tree during the previous year. That is done by assessing what it has produced. On the other hand, when our focus is on the fruit and we want to assess ...


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Here are some real life pictures: Ancient millstone for grinding olives in Dir Hanna, Israel (Kfar Yochanan in the Mishnaic period). Ancient oil press for compressing olive paste (byproduct of previous grinding step) in Beit Guvrin, Israel.



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